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Who Was Responsible For The Downfall Of The First Triumvirate.

1517 words - 6 pages

Ancient History Assessment Task-During 70-48 BC in ancient Rome three men compromised to work and help each other, this was known as the first "Triumvirate". These three powerful men worked to further their own careers and those of their counterparts. Although through time we see the disintegration of this powerful triad due to the changing political relationship between Pompey, Caesar and Crassus, as each strived to become more powerful than the others. We will look at the reasons and circumstances that each of these three men played in the downfall of the triumvirate and the way their careers advanced or were halted. We will look at Caesar the popularis, Crassus the spokesperson for the people and lastly Pompey, the great military general.Due to his alliances with Pompey and Crassus, Caesar received his first consulship in 59 BC. In these early days of the triumvirate the alliance went smoothly, Caesar being in a position of power , used his influence to further his career as well as his counterparts. Caesar being in power gained the provinces of Gaul,Illyricum and Tranaslpine Gaul for five years. Caesar's use of force during his consulship and his failure to pay any attention to his colleague's legal methods of blocking legislation made his measures technically illegal, His opponents now had a excuse to threaten him with prosecution once he became a private criticism, this made it imperative that Caesar retain the imperium of either a consul or proconsul in the future, which later on is actually used to make him give up power but due to his "dignitas' he doesn't give up. Pompey, during Caesar's consulship, was used to glory, but the loss of popularity with the people and the optimates was humiliating.He was extremely vulnerable to public opinion and therefore was the most attacked.The cracks in the coalition were obvious from the beginning, the aims of Pompey and Crassus were short-term, and once they had been achieved it became difficult to hide their enmity towards one another. During Caesar's invasion of Gaul the animosity shared between his counterparts grew, as Caesar achieved victories in Gaul, he sent his "booty" and treasure home created jealousy and alarm. In Rome the hatred grew and the alliances were faltering, Pompey became embarrassed by Caesar's methods, and Crassus was eager to humiliate Pompey, the triumvirate was falling apart.The three men then held a conference at Luca to resolve their problems. Their they agreed on a joint consulship of Crassus and Pompey, they then furthered Caesar's command in Gaul. Pompey in Italy , with the imperium associated with his corn commission and his Spanish provinces, was in a stronger position then Crassus and Caesar, both of whom were subjected to brutal attacks and further created jealousy among the three. When Julia, Pompey's wife and Caesar's daughter died, the link between the two was cut. In the middle of 53, when news of Crassus death reached Rome, it became more likely that the...

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