Why the price of land in Kabul has increased dramatically?
According to Liz Alden Wily, “By 2012, one jerib of land in prime Kabul neighbourhoods such as Wazir Akbar Khan would fetch $1.8 million dollars, up from $50,000 in the 1990s, already a hefty price in 2001.” That means that price of land in Kabul, at least at that aria, has surprisingly increased 3600 percent. After 9/11 attacks, International Forces overthrew the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. Afterwards, a new democratic political system came in to existence. For majority of Afghans, this shift seemed as a new beginning. Very soon, everything started to change about positive and the economy of the country did too. One consequence of these new changes and an example of economic change, as brought up at the beginning, is the dramatic rise in price of land in Kabul. That to what extent it will continue is open to debate, but first, how it happened? In response, one could firmly state that large scales of International Aid, movement of people from abroad to Kabul, and the fact that many villagers moved to Kabul resulted in a big raise in price of land in Kabul.
First, the huge amount of international aid that started to flow in to Afghanistan after 2001 increased the price of land in Kabul. For a post war economy such as economy of Afghanistan, it was a significant change. According to Thomas Rottin, 57 billion US dollars have been paid to Afghanistan since 2001 until 2011. When such a big amount of money flows in to a country, of course, it affects lives of capital residents more than others do. To put it simply, that money created jobs, helped businesses to grow and pushed the economy of Afghanistan to re start. People became more and more hopeful on their future. As day by day the economy of the country was recovering with the help of big amounts of International Aid, the demand for land and the price of land were raising too. On the other hand, people realized that living an ordinary life and reaching some points of success are not very far from reality as money was more accessible now. For both residential and business purposes, people needed land. Therefore, a huge rush for buying land became as real and ordinary as one could think of.
Secondly, people who moved to Kabul from abroad increased the price of land in Kabul too. After considerable political changes in 2001, many Afghan refugees returned and decided to live in Kabul. As Pamela A. Hunte , an anthropologist and experienced researcher in context of Afghanistan and Pakistan, declared in her research, ” In recent years, more than two million refugees have returned to Afghanistan, with the majority settling in the country’s urban centers primarily in capital, Kabul.” That was ten years back when the population of Kabul was around 3 million. The newer statistics, however, show that the population of Kabul has grown more than twice, from 2 million in 2001 to 4.5 million in 2012. Between 2002- 2005, Six million...