This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why Were There Two Revolutions In Russia In The Year 1917?

1057 words - 4 pages

The year 1917 saw Russia partake in two revolutions; each played a significantly important role in the progression of world history. The first revolution in February overthrew the monarchy. It was commonly known as the 'February Revolution'. The February Revolution involved a series of uprisings by workers and peasants throughout the country and by soldiers, who were predominantly of peasant origin, in the Russian army. Councils known as 'Soviets' led many of the uprisings; ultimately, they led to Tsar Nicholas II's downfall and the setting up of a 'Provisional Government' (who were basically the old Duma). The second revolution of 1917 took place in October. It was known as the 'Bolshevik Revolution' and it created the world's first communist state. The goal of those who carried out the second revolution was the creation of social equality and economic democracy in Russia.The February Revolution was due to various long-term causes of the Tsars rule. In 1904 the Tsar, in an attempt to regain the loyalty of his people and to show the might of his country, waged war on Japan. Unfortunately the war did not have the outcome the Tsar expected. Russia lost. Russia's defeat by Japan caused the army and the people of the country humiliation and made them discontent with Tsar Nicholas' rule. The peasants, urban workers, and middle class were sections of society Nicholas II struggled to deal with appropriately. The peasants remained poor and hungry for land, urban workers were alienated and dissatisfied, and the middle class were doing well and wanted to be more involved in local and national government, but were not allowed to take part in it. The country was industrializing fast. The Tsar failed to acknowledge this proving that the autocratic nature of his regime and its unwillingness/inability to modernize to suit Russian society was the foundation of his downfall and the revolution. An uprising in 1905 forced the Tsar to make concessions (i.e. the Duma, however, Tsar could overrule any decisions made by it. He maintained ultimate authority). All these factors contributed to the eventual downfall of the monarchy and the February Revolution.World War I was the main contributory short-term aspect that sparked the February Revolution. Defeats in the war hit the morale of the army, soldiers became more and more increasingly reluctant to fight. The Tsar's decision to take control of the Russian army in September 1915 was a huge mistake. He was personally blamed for the army's defeats. When gone he had put the Tsarina and Rasputin in charge of Russia. This damaged his credibility; the Tsarina and Rasputin removed able ministers from government and replaced them with friends. The Tsar refused to let the Duma govern while he was gone which further caused problems with his 'public image'. By the middle of the war the middle class came to the realization that the government was incompetent and plead for a more representative government. The war left a devastating...

Find Another Essay On Why were there two revolutions in Russia in the year 1917?

What Were The Main Causes Of The Revolution In March 1917 In Russia

2440 words - 10 pages What were the main causes of the revolution in March 1917? The revolution of March 1917 wasn't just a sudden event that happened and was planned over night, there were many causes, long and short term that finally brought out the peoples strength.There were many long-term reasons for the Russian people being dissatisfied. The people weren't being governed properly. This was because Russia was full of many different races and social classes and

Why Did the Revolutions of 1917 Happen?

1558 words - 6 pages government and the expansion of Rasputin's influence was hated.Even though the State Duma warned him in November 1916 of the calamity that was inevitable unless he set up a representational and constitutional form of government, Nicholas' refusal to listen, character of the Tsar, brought the end of his reign to light.All of the causes as stated above were the underlying factors of the two revolutions that took place in 1917, however, why did not one

Why did the Bolsheviks appeal to the people of Russia in 1917?

607 words - 2 pages The Bolsheviks appealed to the people of Russia in 1917 mainly because Russian society craved change. The tsar was now a part of the past and Russian society wanted to try something new. This is mainly why the Bolshevik party appealed to the people of Russia in 1917.The initial triumph of the Bolshevik Revolution at the end of October, 1917 did not mean that the entire population of Russia had been converted to Bolshevism. Leninwas aware of this

Discuss why there was a revolution in Russia in 1905

762 words - 3 pages The period of 1890-1917 was considered as a turbulent period in the history of Russia. There were three circumstances led to revolutionary unrest in Russia in 1905, namely, the Witte system of industrial expansion, the political groups demanding change in Russia and Russo-Japanese War. These three causes all played a significant role in leading Russia to the Revolution of 1905.Firstly, the Witte system of rapid industrial expansion ultimately

How and why did Bolsheviks seize power in Russia in 1917?

675 words - 3 pages The Bolsheviks were a fraction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. Their leader was Vladimir Lenin. In October 1917 he lead Bolsheviks to a triumph in the Russian Revolution. From now on Russia became a single party state, which later became the Soviet Union. In this Essay the author would like to present an account of the events in which Bolsheviks took power in Russia and consider facts that made it possible.The first signs of

Explain why there were such different reactions in the USA to the country's involvement in the conflict in Vietnam in the 1960's

711 words - 3 pages The war in Vietnam came to dominate politics in USA in the 1960's because students, hippies and black people were amongst some of the people who protested about going to war. There was much different reaction from people, some supported the war all way through, some against all way and some started for the war then turned against. At the start 64% of people wanted to go to war. By the end of the 1960's Vietnam came the most dominating problem

Explain why there were such different reactions amongst Americans to the country's involvement in the conflict in Vietnam in the 1960's?

1761 words - 7 pages about the war mentioning how pointless it all was, and this type of music influenced the 'hippy' group immensely. It was generally near the end of the Vietnam War that many songs that opposed the war were released, however there were some songs released at the beginning, for example Bob Dylan released many opposing songs in the early 1960's.Support of the Vietnam War dropped to an all time low in 1968 when the Vietnamese celebrated New Year or 'Tet

What obstacles were there to the re-establishment of Jewish life in occupied Germany and in the two German states during the 1950s, and to what extent were they overcome?

2145 words - 9 pages . In the year 1952 there were already 70 Jewish communities with 18,000 members in existence. The main task of these communities was to provide Jewish people with dwelling, food supply and clothing.In the year 1950 the Central Council of Jews was formed. It was created by representatives of the Jewish municipalities of all zones and seen as the main organisation of Jewish life in Germany.The obstacles to the re - establishment of Jewish life in the

Off year election and why it is important that Bush has established the majority in the two houses in this election

775 words - 3 pages George W. Bush, with the help of his administration, has done something not done since FDR's first term. Bush, on an off year election, has established the majority in the two houses. George, throughout the year and into crunch time, made many trips to areas were the Republicans needed help with elections, these trips, encouragement of republicans to vote and the encouragement of the right candidates, the Republicans have managed to dominate the

Australia in the Vietnam War (1965-1972) “There was overwhelming support for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War (1965 to 1972).” Why did Australia become involved in the war? What were the...

1884 words - 8 pages control of production and distribution of wealth. The idea of this system is that everyone should be provided for equally. At the end of World War II, communism spread through Eastern Europe and Russia, and the world began to change; allegiances were broken, countries were divided, and communities were destroyed. Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War was described as inevitable, and "there was overwhelming support for Australia's involvement in

Why was it inevitable that there would be a second world war, even though measures were set in place to avoid this?

1785 words - 8 pages and Japan unleashed in the 1930s. Franc and Great Britain followed a policy of appeasement and self-interest and encouraged Germany, Italy and Japan to believe that they could pursue aggression without penalty. Japan and Germany both left the League in 1933 and Italy left in 1937. There were many reasons why a second world war was inevitable. The Treaty of Versailles, the rise of Hitler, the rise of Japan as a world power, the rise of fascism in

Similar Essays

Why Were There Two Revolutions In Russia In 1917?

2520 words - 10 pages Introduction:In 1917, there were two revolutions in Russia : the February revolution, and the October revolution. The February revolution overthrew the monarchy. It was spontaneous and involved uprisings by workers, peasants and soldiers throughout the country. Those uprisings were often led by Soviets (councils.) The October revolution, which was also known as the 'Bolshevik Revolution' was carefully planned. It created the world's first

Revolutions Of Russia In 1917 Essay

729 words - 3 pages any changes in the leadership style would reduce their own power. Therefore they supported Nicholas's determination to remain as leader even though many of the people were opposed and had been showing their unhappiness for sometime through demonstrations and protests.As World War I broke out, there was a growing sense that Nicholas did not truly act as "the little father of Russia" but was more interested in maintaining his own power and position

Why Were The Bolsheviks Successful In Russia, October 1917?

827 words - 3 pages Lenin who emphasized the need to act soon while there was still momentum, and circumstances which increased the people's discontent for the provisional government, and therefore put them on the side of the Bolsheviks.In February 1917 the mass discontent exploded outwards. People demonstrating in Petrograd against hunger- lack of bread, began to fight the police. In almost no time this escalated to armed clashes involving most of the city. The

Why Was There A Revolution In Russia In February 1917?

1356 words - 5 pages , Russia was experiencing a very severe winter, where the food shortages were getting worse and there was even famine in some major cities in Russia. The unrest in Petrograd rose.All of the events mentioned above, the inability of the Tsar, the WWI, the impact of the war on society, contributed to the cause of the February Revolution in 1917 by making the people unrest or losing their loyalty and faith in the Tsar regime. This marked the collapse of the over three hundred years of the Romanov Dynasty and the start of the Revolutions in 1917.