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Why Balls Are Used In A Wide Variety Of Sports

1642 words - 7 pages

1. Background
Games nowadays are mainly for relaxation and pleasure. Most of us play football, basketball, tennis, golf, and so forth. Have you, nonetheless, ever thought about one interesting phenomenon in sports which is ball is always used to play? People invented numerous forms to have entertainment with balls. However, what is the reasoning behind this interesting myth?

2. Objectives
The purpose of this research paper is to investigate the reasons why both ancients and people nowadays created various kinds of physical activities with balls in two domains, which are historical and social-psychological. A model, hopefully, can be suggested after the investigation.

3. Method
To acquire reliable and professional information and data, two books were deeply analysed and two face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sports psychology professional, Professor Cindy Hui-Ping SIT and a Hong Kong Football Youth Team (U18) member, Mr. A (pseudonym).
The mentioned books are The Ball: Discovering the Object of the Game by John Fox and Ball, Bat and Bishop: THE ORIGIN OF BALL GAMES by Robert W Henderson.
Open questions and personal expressions were mainly involved in the interviews. Questions asked are shown in the appendix.

4. Results and Analysis
4.1. Historical support
With regard to the historical reasons of origin of ball, it is more suggestive than conclusive. (Henderson, 1947) The origin of ball games actually puzzled scholars because there are plentiful tales about how balls were conceived.

(i) Ancient Rituals
Some historians interpreted balls as the head of Osiris, while some thought it was a symbol of the sun. They are, indeed, believable deductions supported by evidences and ancient cultures.
First and foremost, the version that ball is head of Osiris. This belief allied with ancient head culture tightly for the reason that a historic research in Livingstone had a significant discovery which can prove heads were highly worshipped. A deplorable slave’s head would be sliced from the body and passed from one man to another whenever a sacrifice was needed.
The idea of “ball is sun” was assumed it was elaborated from the version of “ball is head of Osiris” mentioned above as a result of many misunderstood Osiris, the god of agriculture, as the sun. They believe that the magical power was resided in the heads, no matter whose heads were.

(ii) Human Nature
Humans are innate to throw things, for instant, stones, oranges and round-shaped objects and throw back naturally. Therefore, it was reasonable to imagine ancients would develop sports by using balls. However, there is only little evidence to support this argument. According to the book, Ball, Bat and Bishop (2001), it stated that “In the Scriptures, for example, replete with references to ancient Hebrew customs and folk-lore, there is but one mention of a ball, and that only a vague figure of speech”. Nonetheless, it coheres with human nature; it is, therefore, one...

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