Why Is The Resistance Of The South During The Italian Liberation Against The Germans During Wwii Ignored, Or Hardly Remembered?

2017 words - 8 pages

A. Plan of investigationThree years after Italy entered the war allying with Germany, famine, cold, bombings and economic decline struck the country, destroying their credibility of fascism. The people expressed their discord, and on the 3rd of September the armistice was signed. The allies soon landed in Sicily to aid the South in driving back the remaining German forces. There are many records of events and battles, but for the South the only battle remembered is the four days of Naples. This essay will search for the possible causes of neglecting of the resistance in the south To aid the analysis, this paper will include interviews with the Italian Cultural Office Director in China.B. Summary of evidenceThe Situation of the WarAfter the Allies' first invasion in July, Mussolini was arrested and the country fell into chaos. the German actions lacked coordinated. This alarmed the King, Vittorio Emanuele III and Badoglio, resulting in their escape to the South after the armistice. Soon after Mussolini was rescued by the Germans, he took control over the German and fascist troops in the country, and started to occupy major regions of northern and central Italy. By their sudden fled, the King and Badoglio had left Rome, and other regions in the central north free to the Germans. The Italian army was left without instructions, and fell into total chaos. The country was divided into two: The pro-Allied, and the pro-Germans. resistance movements to push back the Germans took place mainly in the North, while the Allies took care of the German troops in the South.The Reign of the SouthAfter Mussolini was arrested and imprisoned on the 'Gran Sasso', the King gave power to Marshal Badoglio to rule over the government. On the 3rd of September 1943, the so-called 'short-armistice' was signed between Italy and the allies at Cassibile by generals Castellano and Bedel Smith. This armistice contained the military clauses of the accord. The 'long-armistice', with the political, economical and financial clauses was later signed on the 29th in Malta. Badoglio announced the armistice on the 8th of September. The allied forces landed in the South of Italy the next day. This was called the second invasion. Between the night of the 8th and 9th of September Badoglio, The king and the imperial family fled to Brindisi, in the South, embracing the allies, while escaping the angered Germans. The first political approach of this new government in the South was the declaration of war on Germany on the 13th of October 1943. The Reign of the South only existed for 5 months.Patriotism and the Allies in the SouthThere had not been any armed guerrilla activity in the South, and thus its hostility and patriotic propaganda has been long forgotten. Ones reason is because of the distrust of the people towards the Reign of the South, and the King's escape after his betrayal to Germany and the Italians, throwing himself in the arms of the allies and abandoning the soldiers. The...

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