This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why Developing Nation States Failed During The 20th Century

2086 words - 9 pages

To understand the developing countries and their aim of identification, it can be mentioned that “The great battleground for the defense and expansion of freedom today is the whole southern half of the globe, the lands of the rising peoples. Their revolution is the greatest in human history. They seek an end to injustice, tyranny and exploitation. More than an end, they seek a beginning” John F. Kennedy 1961. The south or third world countries are; “group of countries which have colonial histories and which are in the process of developing economically and socially from a status characterized by low incomes , dependence on agriculture, weakness in trading relations, social deprivation for large segments of society, and restricted political and civil liberties” (Smith, 1996, p:1). Nevertheless, third world countries can be considered the developing countries regarding the influences and affects that have been made to them and their nation by the greater power that they were ruled by.
In this paper some of the reasons of the failure of nation states during 20th century will be mentioned and discussed with regards to Somalia as an Example.

In regards to the third world and according to fund for peace a failed institution; state failure has many multidimensional indicators, which are:
socially which are; high rate of Mounting Demographic Pressures, Massive Movement of Refugees or Internally Displaced Persons, Legacy of Vengeance-Seeking Group Grievance or Group Paranoia, Chronic and Sustained Human Flight. Economically: Uneven Economic Development along Group Lines, Sharp and/or Severe Economic Decline. Politically: Criminalization and/or De-legitimization of the State, Progressive Deterioration of Public Services, Suspension or Arbitrary Application of the Rule of Law and Widespread Human Rights Abuse, Security Apparatus Operates as a "State Within a State", Rise of Factionalized Elites, Intervention of Other States or External Political Actors” (FFP, 2013).

According to (FFP, 2013) the horn of Africa or Somalia is one of the most failed states in the 20th and 21st century in the third world countries. Civil wars and collapse of central government since 1991 are playing a big part of its failure. Although Somalia had a great potentials to make it as a state and economically evolve due to their geographic location which is on the Atlantic Ocean and the unity of religion and language, which are Islamic and Arabic mostly (Lalieu, 2010), But there are many reasons which had huge impacts on Somalia to its failure that will be explained in details.
One of the main reasons of state failure which had a very long term impact on most of the developing nations is colonialism which is; “the political control of peoples and territories by foreign states whether accompanied by significant permanent settlement or not” (Bernstein, p: 242). Almost all of the developing states have been colonized previously by one or more colonial powers,...

Find Another Essay On Why developing nation-states failed during the 20th century

Important Changes in Japan During the 20th Century

1671 words - 7 pages threaten some banks' viability." They report that "all agree that a recession this year is inevitable, making it Japan's fourth recession in a decade." One is left with the impression, however, that the Japanese are a people that will successfully overcome the trials placed before them. The ideology of the "group" vs. the "individual" may be one reason for this success.Japan as a nation has gone through many important changes during the 20th century

Emerging role of the United States in mid-20th century

948 words - 4 pages overseas possessions and privileges, and they were willing to use military force if necessary, which included Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. The French and other countries fueled largely by the corporate influences of Michelin and Shell Aquitaine failed to see at that time the political will and desire of all the Vietnamese people to gain independence from foreign rule and of the Communist North Vietnamese to have their country unified. The Vietminh

United States Governmental Issues During the Late 19th Century

1331 words - 5 pages United States Governmental Issues During the Late 19th Century Thesis: Although the American Government failed to take effective actions to solve the major concerns of the late 19th century, many attempts were taken to solve such controversal conflicts. The young divided nation that had just reconstructed itself from the debts of a civil war now stood as a whole to deal with even more domestic issues. Problems concerning civil service

Analyse the effect of women of Australia during the 20th century

597 words - 2 pages During the 1900's, women had a vigorous thought to break through their confined lives at home. Since then the lives of woman has had a dramatic change. From the 1950's to 1990's I will describe how a simple housewife evolves through decades to become a woman at the workforce. They have been through a lot in the society to have gained such recognition and status.Throughout the 1950's, Australia declared a principle that 'woman's place is in the

Why the Dutch Failed to Save Their Jews During World War II

3988 words - 16 pages Jews in hiding. This is an extraordinary number of people; compared to the fact that only about 100 thousand people joined the Nazi party. Ten thousand or more Non-Jews died for their efforts with saving Jews. All of these people put their lives in danger to save the Jews from the hands of the Nazis. Why the Resistance Failed The problems of saving the Jews start with the fact that the Netherlands is about 16,000 square miles of flat low-lying

History Exam Question: How did Canada grow up during the 20th century?

1221 words - 5 pages The most multi-cultural, peaceful, respected, independent and accomplished country in the world. Canada's long and hard struggle of survival, from starting off with nothing, to building itself bit by bit, Canada has deserved all of the recognition it receives today. The story behind what makes us proud to be Canadian, the hardships and accomplishments, of the best country in the world, Canada. During the 20th century Canada developed to what it

Was US hegemony in the 20th century inevitable? Why? Or Why Not

1238 words - 5 pages Was US hegemony in the 20th century inevitable? Why? Or Why not Mearsheimer defined a hegemon as a state that dominates all others, but he stressed the limitations of hegemony (2001, pp40-2.) America experienced an extend of power, financially, economically, military, and internationally that lead the country to hegemony. Some scholars believed that America became a superpower. Others think that its hegemony is precarious. Many internal and

Life for women in Australia changed greatly during the 20th century. Discuss this statement

1381 words - 6 pages heavy and uncomfortable clothes which were worn even during the hotter weathers. This was because the Australian society was trying to mimic the British lifestyle. The social infrastructure did little to equip women with status and respect. Though females worked very hard to fulfill these religious and social obligations, they were considered to be a minority and therefore inferior to their male counterparts.The society of the mid 19th century

The Reasons Why Many People in the Late 20th Century are so Attracted to Celebrities

836 words - 3 pages The Reasons Why Many People in the Late 20th Century are so Attracted to Celebrities Many people in the 20th century are very attracted to celebrities. Celebrities are singers, models, film stars, politicians – anybody who is famous and constantly in the limelight. The extent to which people in the late 20th century are fascinated by celebrities can be seen in the extensive media coverage of every detail of their lives as

Why did Islamic conservatism gain supporters in the late 20th century Middle East? - Saddleback college - Homework

179 words - 1 page The Muslim world took a turn toward conservatism because of a combination of the failure of secular governments to deliver on the basics for their citizens, coupled with the Saudis and other oil-rich Gulf Arabs pouring tons of money into proselytizing an extremely conservative and intolerant brand of Islam. During the 20th Century, most Muslim countries without abundant oil wealth were ruled by secular governments that were often repressive and

AIDS Is Why Africa Is A Developing Nation

1131 words - 5 pages Africa has always been considered a developing nation. Its constant tribal disputes have lead to much disunity among the continent as a whole. Africa lacks a large amount of resources such as food and a good exporting business that can't enable them to care for their people. And so, many of the per capita incomes of the separate countries are horrifyingly low. Hygiene and health issues also chiefly contribute to the fact that Africa is a

Similar Essays

Discrimination During The 20th Century Essay

1261 words - 6 pages ://resources.mhs.vic.edu.au/mockingbird/interviewwhite.htm>. Phillips, Denise. Why Hazaras Flee: An Historical Perspective of Their Persecution. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2014 "Race During the Great Depression - American Memory Timeline- Classroom Presentation | Teacher Resources - Library of Congress." Race During the Great Depression - American Memory Timeline- Classroom Presentation | Teacher Resources - Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2014

International Political Development During The 20th Century

1702 words - 7 pages correctly elaborated during this years, which led to the modernisation theory to put critics on the concept of traditional values used by most of the populations that stirred and prevented them from integrating into an effective economic dimension. A numerous number of political dimensions played a huge role in the emergence of dependency theory. Import substitution strategy failed after the rivalry of World War II numerous numbers of countries in

International Relations Of Australia During The 20th Century

507 words - 2 pages At the very beginning of the 20th century, Britain was considered the 'mother' country and depended on for supplies. During the early part of the century, these ties between the two countries were considered of great importance as Australia's heritage was linked to that of Britain's.On the 1st January 1901, Australia became a federation. This meant Australia would become a dominion, with its own constitution, national anthem and flag, but still

How Liberism Has Evolved During The 20th Century

1065 words - 5 pages . In this essay, I shall begin by explaining the types of liberalism and close on how they have all changed over the course of the 20th century. CLASSICAL LIBERALISM Classical liberalism is a political ideology that advocates the freedom of individuals within a system. This was developed in the 19th century in Western Europe and America, beginning in Spain and France and soon spread to England; it advocated specific kind of society and public