Why Did Ballarat And Clarendon College Choose King Island For Their Grassy Campus?

1231 words - 5 pages

Task 1 - Why King Island?Ballarat and Clarendon College hosts a year nine program on King Island with the purpose of teaching student’s life skills and developing them as people and community members. The programme challenges students emotionally, physically and mentally. The programme allows the students to live in a residential style house with five to eight other people to prepare them for life after school. The question arises; why choose King Island?King Island was first inhabited by Aboriginals; this is prior to the European discovery by Bass and Flinders. The first population of King Island was a bunch of sealers, after the prized seal oil and skins, but this only lasted until 1810, when the sealers were replaced by hunters, whose main targets were emus and kangaroo’s. King Island is located in the western entrance of Bass Strait, and is approximately 100 kilometres in distance from Victoria and Tasmania. (Figures one and two) (Handouts)Figure 1 Map of Southern Australia showing King Island Figure 2Map of King Island(Handouts)King Island lies at 144 °longitude and 40 ° latitude, placing it in the way of the Roaring Forties making incredibly high winds of up to and over 100 kilometres per hour. King Island is relatively small measuring approximately 64 kilometres north to south and it is and 26 kilometres east to west with a total area of 110, 000 ha. (KINRMG) Although a very small island, King Island’s history isn’t the happiest history known to the world.King Island, Australia’s shipwreck capital has had over seven major shipwrecks in its time; these catastrophic wrecks are a result of wild weather and rocky shores. One of which is the Catariqui, which was built in Quebec in 1840, then it departed from England and crashed on the shores of King Island in 1845( see figure three). The start of this catastrophe was the boat hitting an unexpected reef that made the ship start to break up. At first, the captain was originally going to stop for safety, but he heard a surgeon criticising his precautions, so he changed his mind and said “Shake out the reefs, and stand on!” Many passengers were washed away by heavy seas this made more than 400 people die. (King Island Regional Development Organisation)Figure three The voyage of the CatariquiPhoto By Author, 2009The island has put many lighthouses up in an attempt to stop these shipwrecks, one of which is the Currie lighthouse (Figure four). It was built in an attempt to stop ships from crashing into King Island, but there has been several ships that have mistaken the lighthouse for the Portland lighthouse, so they swang south and ran straight into King Island!Currie Lighthouse Figure fourPhoto by author, 2009EnvironmentCLIMATEKing Island’s whether although windy has a lot more stability than Ballarat ( See Figure Five)Figure five Average tempretures of King Island vs BallaratSeries 1 BallaratSeries 2 King IslandAs you can see the climate in Ballarat...

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