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Why Did Germany Lose The Great War?

720 words - 3 pages

The outbreak of World War One was predictable and but during the war most people thought Germany had better chances of winning. Germany at the time was a new country that grows to the biggest country in west Europe, the strongest military, and most industrialized. Germany's power caused many pressure and tension in the area, not one country in the area can stand up to Germany alone. Germany held the advantage of the war for most of the time and everyone expected Germany to win. However, Germany lost in 1918, and this is due to shortages of food and raw materials, internal conflicts with citizens who are sick of war, and weak allies that Germany have to take care of.One reason for Germany's defeat in WW1 is for the reason that Germany suffers severely from shortages of both food and raw materials. Germany is blocked from the seas and access to transportation routes around the world due to diplomatic encirclement. The English Channel was controlled by the ...view middle of the document...

There were a lot of anti-war marches around the country and many opposed war by not going to the factories to work. This brought the industry down by a half and the morale of the army decreased. In 1918, the anti-war movements brought the confidence of the soldiers at war down, and many were tired of the war which has been fighting for the past 4 years. The German's were 'stabbed in the back' by their own people back home and the leaders came to realize that they have to end the war fast. This resulted in the huge German offensive attempts to break the Allies line of defense and bring victory home with the collapse of Paris. The plan backfired and Germany suffered defeat when the Allies counterattacked and the Hindenburg Line was broke.The final aspect of Germany's defeat was that Germany had weak allies who always needed German support. The Triple Alliance in 1882 brought the central powers, Germany, Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary together. The Ottoman Empire, the 'sick man of europe', had a corrupt government and weak army. Austria-Hungary was a polyglot empire and had many groups of people fighting against each other to break from the Austria-Hungary control and establish its own country. The entrance of Italy brought many pressure to the Austria-Hungary side and German troops were forced to be sent in to help them, stretching the line of defense on the western front. Finally, in 1918, the Central Powers gave in. Bulgaria was the first to surrender on September 29th, then Ottoman Empire on October 30th and lastly Austria-Hungary on November 4th. The surrender of Germany's allies brought great pressure in Germany. Pushing the date of defeat forward as more people wanted the war stopped. A revolution inside Germany came about, overthrowing the monarchy of Kaiser Wilhelm II who fled to the Netherlands. On November 11th, the 11th hour, Germany admitted its defeat.In conclusion, although Germany came very close to victory during WW1, it suffered major problems leading up to its defeat in November 11th 1918. This included the shortages of raw materials and food, internal problems where people demanded peace, and weak allies who gave away leading to Germany's defeat.

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