Why Did The 1919 Paris Peace Settlement Not Provide A Durable Peace In Europe

1547 words - 6 pages

Why did the 1919 Paris settlement not provide a durable peace in Europe?

The First World War, was without a doubt one of the most tragic events in the history of people. It was fought on a scale, and at a cost in human suffering, unparalleled in the history of man kind. Countries from every continent, including most of those in Europe, had taken part. Whole populations had been marshalled to serve their countries war efforts1. All these came to an end when on 11 November 1918, Germany finally agreed to sign an armistice. What is very important to know, is that this armistice was actually based on United States’ President Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points”.
However, the Treaty of Versailles, sharply differed from Wilson’s points, and Germany, who felt betrayed, denounced the treaty as “morally invalid.” Henig claimed that the fact that it did not survive the 1920s intact stemmed, not so much from the terms of the peace treaties themselves but from the reluctance of political leaders in the inter-war period to enforce them2. Overall, the Treaty of Versailles was flawed to the extent that instead of preventing future wars it made a future war inevitable!

But let’s take things from the beginning in our attempt to demonstrate the reasons that led the Versailles Treaty, to be considered a failure. The goal following World War I was to restore European stability and maintain everlasting peace. However, these goals were recognized by all of the leaders as not easily achievable. French Prime Minister Clemenceau commented on the day the armistice was signed on 11 November 1918, “We have won the war: now we have to win the peace, and it may be more difficult3. The French politician Marshal Foch, as the Versailles Treaty was being signed, stated rather prophetically, “This is not peace; it is an armistice for 20 years4.”
Indeed, Foch was absolutely correct. The Versailles Treaty did little to shape any sort of long-term peace from the results of World War I. Instead, the treaty, hastily put together, was vague, exposed the Allies’ inability to cooperate toward an agreement, and fuelled German nationalism from resentment over her treatment by the Allies in the treaty. The principle reasons for the failure of the Treaty of Versailles to establish a long-term peace include the following. Firstly, the Allies disagreed on how best to treat Germany, also Germany refused to accept the terms of reparations, and finally Germany’s refusal to accept the “war-guilt” clause, that led to growing German resentment and nationalism.

The Versailles Peace Conference exposed the ideological rift growing between the Allies. Throughout Versailles and after, Britain and France could not agree on how to treat Germany. While public opinions of both nations wanted Germany pay to the fullest extent, only France saw Germany as a potential threat to the future security of European stability. Thus, while Britain saw Germany as a barrier-fortress against the Russians and an...

Find Another Essay On Why did the 1919 Paris peace settlement not provide a durable peace in Europe

The Paris Peace Talks- Objectives of the Big Three.

793 words - 3 pages main leader during the meeting was America's President Woodrow Wilson. He, on the other hand, had a complete different idea that Clemenceau's. He wanted the world to be safe and he wanted a fair peace. He believed that one of the causes for the war was the lack of self-determination. Self-determination is the right for the people of that nation to choose their government, elections and to not be interfered by the outside. Wilson believed rather in

The Paris Peace Treaties and Right of Self Determination

1111 words - 4 pages The Paris Peace Treaties and Right of Self Determination When conflict ended in 1919 a series of peace treaties were signed between the ally and axis powers. Woodrow Wilson's 14 points signified a clear move to restore the pre war geographical state of Europe, with slight reforms concerning the Alsace Lorraine regions and the Ottoman Empire. However the most a controversial issue in nearly all of the treaties was the

The Subversion of Peace: America in Vietnam The American government went to great lengths to insert itself into a place it did not belong.

1306 words - 5 pages ; the withdrawal of all foreign military forces; and elections to be held under local supervision"(Duiker 89). The major powers had their own interest and agenda, and a united Vietnam was not something that they supported entirely. The United States was the biggest opposition to the Viet Minh demands. They wanted the French to keep fighting. But the French did not have the means or domestic support to continue the war. Even Vietnams allies were

Did the Treaty of Versailles Accomplish Peace?

1708 words - 7 pages . They see this treaty as unfair, they have anger inside them and they will not stop. These reactions are very common, anyone or any country will not keep peace if they are blamed for a crime they did not commit. But for the Germans they began World War II only just 20 years later. This was predicted by David Lloyd George, another member of the Big 3. He said, " We shall have to fight another war in 25 years time."3 He believed that the harshness of

Not on the AP Curriculum? A Separate Peace Speech.

1028 words - 4 pages not only on the English AP exam, but also in everyday writing, by advancing a more mature style. This collection of books includes major works by Shakespeare and Charles Dickens, along with A Separate Peace, which is a required study for English II Pre-AP students. While some of these students consider the book as excessively prolonged, others believe that the novel should be taught in every curriculum through every generation. Perhaps some people

The Paris Peace Conference: France vs. American 14 point peace plan - who had the better long term peace plan? American side taken

798 words - 3 pages After the killing and the signing of the armistice on 11/11/1918 the reign of peacewas to be solidified by introducing the Paris peace conference early the next year. 32countries had delegates in this massive discussion for the good of the world, but our focalpoint is going to be on George Clemenceau, the French President; and Woodrow Wilson,America's President. Both of these men had a common goal of peace, both world wideand for Europe, but had

The Versailles Peace Settlement and its Failure to Secure British Foreign Policy Interests

2765 words - 11 pages challenged If Britain agreed with USA this wouldn’t lead to conflict. 5) How it didn’t (failed to) secure British Foreign policy Did not enforce restrictions on armaments Very little was paid in terms of reparations ESSAY ===== There are reasons for why the Versailles Peace Settlement both did and did not in some respects secure British Foreign Policy at the time it was announced and the years

The balance of power mechanism and the system of alliances, had saved Europe from major wars for forty-three years, failed to preserve the peace in 1914.

960 words - 4 pages production and territorial claiming were made.With the build up of tension, and once considered small countries attempting to expand there empire, gave great concern to the European powers which created a sense of false security about being attacked by one another.Secret alliances were made by Germany to Austria-Hungary and later with Italy because of this fear of invasion. These 3 central powers in Europe became known as " The Triple Alliance". France

"A Separate Peace" by John Knowles is not an Anti-War Novel

770 words - 3 pages them in the sheltered, clueless and careless state of Devon School.Originally, it is easy to declare that Knowles evidently opposes the war in A Separate Peace. Nevertheless, nearly every comment in the book can be interpreted in several ways. However, Knowles leaves just enough insidious hints to inform the assiduous reader that World War II did not cause harm to Devon's Class of 1943, but rather permitted them to mature in a way that was

A Separate Peace: The Nature of Hatred and Peace This essay discribes the fatal extremes of hate and peace, as seen in John Knowles' "Separate Peace"

569 words - 2 pages to his eventual death. A clearer example of this is with Leper. His peace-filled life could not see behind the natural scene of people skiing, to the horror of hatred. This weakness resulted in a nervous breakdown in the army, leaving him to escape back home.In this novel, hatred and peace were two governing factors of the characters. John Knowles is conveying the message of hated and peace. In order to survive, one must learn to defend hatred and retain peace. Gene had survived and acquired the peace from the friend whom he hated.

Hatred in A Seperate Peace

863 words - 3 pages Hatred in A Seperate PeaceA man named Norman Vincent Peale once said that, "No one can avoid entirely an inner struggle between love and hate. We are all challenged by it. The question in everyone's life is not whether this feeling of hate and aggression can be done away with, but whether it can be successfully modified." This quote is reflected in John Knowles' novel, A Separate Peace. The hatred in this book is focused inside Gene, the main

Similar Essays

The Paris Peace Treaties Essay

1632 words - 7 pages countries with a majorities of ethnic groups not of their own. To make things even more difficult for the writers of the Paris Peace Treaties was that these races did not live in their own separate areas of the countries of Europe. They lived mixed among themselves, dispersed throughout the regions with the race of the majority. In addition to the problems left to those who drew up the peace treaties (in accordance to the “ethnic problems

Paris Peace Conference Essay

737 words - 3 pages It has been almost a century since the first Paris Peace Conference was hold, but even until now, it is a popular yet also controversial event in the history of the world. The Paris Peace Conference took place in 1919 involving more than 1,000 representatives from over 30 nations. The results of the Conference are five treaties regarding terms that, according to the Conference, shall prevent any upcoming conflicts among nations. Although World

The Paris Peace Conference And Versailles Treaty

1510 words - 6 pages vengeance may have set the stage for World War II. On January 12th, 1919, the Paris Peace Conference (PPC) opened at several different venues, in and around Paris, France, but was moved to the Versailles Palace because of the number of attendees. As many as 32 World Leaders were represented at the PPC, but the negotiations were basically between the Triple Entente, (Britain, France and Italy), Japan and the United States. Each country and

To What Extend Did The Paris Peace Treaties Deserved The Harsh Criticism They Have Receive?

1005 words - 4 pages To what Extend Did The Paris Peace Treaties Deserved The Harsh Criticism They Have Receive?The Paris Peace mostly deserved the harsh criticism it was given for that it failed to provide a long-term peace and led to an even more horrifying war twenty years later. The Paris Peace Conference was the meeting of the victors of World War I to set the peace terms for the Central Powers, yet many of the terms did not show intensions of peace but the