This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why Did The Conservatives Lose The 1945 General Election?

561 words - 3 pages

With the Second World War coming to and end in Europe, Churchill called a general election. What followed was perhaps on of the greatest swing of public confidence of the 20th century. Labour won overwhelming support while 'Churchill...was both surprised and stunned' by the crushing defeat suffered by the conservatives. How this swing of opinion came about is not only due the failings of the conservative party but also to labours manifesto of social reform. With the war drawing to an end by 1945, the national government sought to call an election in a bid to return to a two party system. With Churchill still riding the wave of victory was believed by many to win the election on his personality and wartime leadership alone. The conservatives themselves were so sure of this that they ...view middle of the document...

This lack of direction was a major failing of the party and did little to gain support. Finally in addition to the conservative poor election strategy, Churchill went so far as to accuse Attlee as being a dictator despite Attlee's loyal service in Churchill own cabinet during the war. The possible final nail in the conservative coffin was that people associated the conservatives with the 1930's policy of appeasement, which had brought about the war. This policy alone caused many to evaluate their loyalties, voting instead for Labour and thus bring about one of the most dramatic swings of public opinion in the 20th century. Despite the Conservative failures, Labour's dramatic win was due largely to the policy of social reform. One poll showed that 41% of people saw housing as the single most important issue that faced the country. The welfare state, based on the Beveridge report, proposed a dramatic turn in British social policy. The provision of free health care, free education, national insurance and a new housing policy. Formed the foundation of this act in an aim 'to provide from cradle to grave'. This dramatic police of reform cause millions to flock to labours banner. '...Large labour must be the forces vote', In fact 90% of the armed forces voted labour. The results of the election show that it's simply not just a loss of faith in conservative ideas. Bt a more general swing of public opinion. Desiring a better standard of living labours policy of social reform motivated the masses to vote labour. This factor combined with the conservative seemingly poor reputation during the last 10 years, due largely to chamberlain's policy of appeasement, and lack of a constructive campaign allowed labour to form its first majority government under Attlee.

Find Another Essay On Why Did The Conservatives Lose The 1945 General Election?

Why did the United States lose in Vietnam?

1612 words - 7 pages three years which is just over three and a half days of jail time per murder. It is understandable why the population did not trust the Americans as they were seen as warmongering in a peaceful country and showed that the United States would protect their own soldiers even if they had committed such crimes. Holding support from the population is crucial in any war and this is a fundamental reason for the United States losing in Vietnam; this is

Why did the South lose the Civil War and how did the North win?

579 words - 2 pages still, but it just did not have enough men to use the weaponry.They certainly did not lose for any lack of idealism, or dedication to its cause or beliefs, or bravery and still on the battlefield. Mainly the Southerners began losing faith in the cause because it really did not speak to them directly, and because the North and Abraham Lincoln were determined to win the Civil War. But the principal cause of the South losing the war was the fact that

How and Why did the Nazis Change Germany from 1933-1945

1054 words - 4 pages changed the law so that Goebbles could do whatever he liked. Goebbles did this. He controlled the media strictly, if you wanted to publish a book you had to get permission before hand (incidentally Mien Kampf was the best seller in Nazi Germany). This was so that you could only read books with pro-Nazi themes and this would make people more loyal to the regime and also so that resistance against the Nazis could not be united. In 1933 Goebbles

Why Did Germany Lose The Great War?

720 words - 3 pages The outbreak of World War One was predictable and but during the war most people thought Germany had better chances of winning. Germany at the time was a new country that grows to the biggest country in west Europe, the strongest military, and most industrialized. Germany's power caused many pressure and tension in the area, not one country in the area can stand up to Germany alone. Germany held the advantage of the war for most of the time and

Why did the Nazis Never Face the Threat of Serious Rebellion on a National Scale in Germany Between 1933 and 1945?

2263 words - 10 pages what the party was saying, as it gave them a sense of national identity. They did this by focusing on the German youth mainly. Another factor which helped defend the party from the threats of rebellion was the fear and terror which the Nazis bestowed on the people, through the use the SS and the Gestapo. Another key reason why there was no serious rebellion within the concentration camps was because of the disunity within the camps of many of the

The Impact of the 1997 General Election

1158 words - 5 pages the 2001 General election and why? What impact did the result have? In 2001 the Labour party was, again, expected to win. This, of course, was true, with Labour winning 42% of the votes and 62% of the seats in the House of Commons. The Conservatives won less than 25% of the national vote. It was the lowest turnout for a General Election for nearly 100 years, this was mainly due to the fact that labour winning was

When did Hitler lose the war?

1635 words - 7 pages When did Adolf Hitler lose the chance to win World War 2?What was the moment in time that before it he could still possibly win the war, and after it his defeat was a matter of time? (And long continued fighting that still cost so many lives).When was it? How early or late was it?How about starting from a relatively late date, when we're sure that Hitler's defeat was just a matter of time, and from it go back in time to a date that marks the

When did the Germans lose the 1939 -45 War

7561 words - 30 pages When did the Germans lose the 39 -- 45 war?. This is a theory I would like to put forward for discussion. In late May 1940 my unit which was due to go to France was redeployed in south-east England. The detachment all 10 of us were deployed near Bolney in Sussex just North of Brighton. We had the standard S/L equipment, 90cm searchlight, sound locator, Lister generator, Lewis Gun (WW 1 light machine-gun) and each with a rifle and fifty rounds of

When did Hitler lose the chance to win the war?

1524 words - 6 pages When did Adolf Hitler lose the chance to win world war 2 ?What was the moment in time that before it he could still possibly win the war, and after it his defeat was a matter of time ? (and long continued fighting that still cost so many lives).When was it? How early or late was it ?How about starting from a relatively late date, when we're sure that Hitler's defeat was just a matter of time, and from it go back in time to a date that marks the

The 2005 General Election Campaign and the Democratic Party

2302 words - 9 pages The 2005 General Election Campaign and the Democratic Party The 2005 general election campaign has been a defective democratic event in many ways. Yet beneath the surface there has echoed a national conversation of passion and seriousness. Thoughtful people have debated for months with families, friends and colleagues - and with themselves

Did Baldy Ewell lose the Battle of Gettysburg

1706 words - 7 pages . General Lee was a different commander. He encouraged and often rewarded his officers for using their own discretion. He had, for example, told Baldy to bypass Winchester while heading through the Shenandoah Valley to Pennsylvania. When Baldy saw that he could rout the Yankees occupying the small village, he decided to disobey Lee's orders. He attacked the enemy and won a decisive victory over the Northern defenders (Tagg, Larry).Lee did not penalize

Similar Essays

Why Did The Alp Lose The Election Of December 13th 1975 So Badly?

2165 words - 9 pages and sneaky plan by Whitlam, and was discredited as much for being dishonest as for being unsuccessful. There was an election, and Labor was voted back in, albeit narrowly, but did not gain majority in the Senate. As in 1972, a majority of the ALP support was in the suburban areas targeted, where as four of the five seats lost were in rural areas that had been feeling neglected for some time.The period following their re-election was rife with

Why Did The Central Powers Lose Wwi?

2344 words - 9 pages Contents:1.0) Purpose2.0) Introduction3.0) The Great War3.1. Background information3.2. Tension that led up to WWI4.0) America5.0) Italy.6.0) A war on several fronts7.0) ConclusionWhy did the Central Powers lose WWI?1.0) PurposeNovember 11th, 1918, was the day the Germans signed the armistice of World War One. However, to this day, some historians look back on the war as a war that never ended. The purpose of this essay is to explain how the

Why The Labour Party Won The Election In 1945

961 words - 4 pages Why the Labour Party Won the Election in 1945 The Labour Party won the general election in 1945, with Clement Attlee returning as Prime Minister. The state of play was that Labour has won 314 seats, the Conservatives 294. Socialism was not widely recognised until 1945. The majority of people were almost frightened by it. This was because Russia was a socialist state, promoting communism. When Russia proved to be a

What Are The Principal Philosophies Of The Liberal Party? Why Had The Liberal Party Been So Electorally Successful Over The Years? Why Did It Lose The Last Election?

3452 words - 14 pages Page PAGE 12 of NUMPAGES 12 Australian Studies Major EssayCormac GriffinCandidate Number: A1177407What are the principal philosophies of the Liberal Party? Why had the Liberal Party been so electorally successful over the years? Why did it lose the last election?The Liberal Party of Australia was founded in 1944. Subsequently, it has become the most electorally successful of all Australian political parties: it has held political power at the