This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why Did The Revolutions Of 1917 Happen?

1558 words - 6 pages

The Russian Revolutions in 1917 was the culmination of a long history of social unrest and repression. From the reign of Peter the Great, the tsardom disintegrated into an autocratic bureaucracy that suppressed the people's rights and liberties and had no regard for the improvement of the average citizen's life. The cause of the Revolution, thus, can be examined through economic, social, political and militaristic aspects.Economically, the Russian Revolution was caused by Russia's antiquated economic system and the Tsar's unwillingness to reform it. Though serfdom had been abolished in 1861, the majority of the population, the agricultural peasant class, had to pay installments to their wealthy communal landowners for the land they supposedly possess. Not only was ownership of the land out of reach for the mass of the farmers, agricultural techniques and methods that they used were primal and resembled medieval Europe. Russia's naturally cold climate made the land arable only 4-6 months in a year, in contrast to most of Western Europe's 8-9. So the peasant class had no direct benefits from growing the crops, seeing as the product would not belong to them, and the conditions to work with were extremely harsh. As a result, agrarian Russia had difficulty producing enough food to feed the populace, especially the urbanizing cities each year.The transport of goods and the lack of a modern infrastructure were also impediments to the economic stability of Russia. Though under advisor Sergei Witte, a railway system was set in place, efficiency in food transport was still low and this problem was only intensified with the outbreak of World War I. The conscription swept away 12 million able bodied men, mostly Industrial workers from the cities. The inexperienced peasant farmers were then moved to factories in the cities and expected to manufacture army goods and weapons. With the lack of skilled workers in food-related industries and the railway's focus on transporting military commodities, much of the land lay uncultivated causing abjectly poor harvests and bouts of severe famine.Furthermore, the rapid industrialization and urbanization, which saw the population grow from 1, 033, 600 to 1,905, 600 between 1890 and 1910 alone, caused the industrial workers to suffer horrid working conditions due to the government's ineptitude in planning and the Tsar's negligence. Not only were working conditions insufferable, even compared to the standards of the day in Europe, low wages and long hard working hours also plagued the workers. Riots and strikes of the workers demanding better conditions and more reasonable wages occurred but were put down by the inflation from World War I. Coupled with agricultural turmoil, the famine of 1917 finally breached the larger cities and the railway was paralyzed by the strikes of the workers. Nicholas II's imprudence in planning and pervasive dependence and protection of the aristocracy, coupled with his incompetence as an...

Find Another Essay On Why Did the Revolutions of 1917 Happen?

Why did the revolutions of 1848 achieve so little in Germany?

692 words - 3 pages republicans attempted an armed uprising in Baden but this attracted little to no public support and was easily crushed by the Liberal government. The main weapons of these revolutions were not guns nor violence but meetings, demonstrations and petitions. Maybe this can explain why the revolutions achieved so little. Violence was the way of the world, countries settled disputes through steel and blood. Maybe no one could respect the decisions of the elected

Why were there two revolutions in Russia in the year 1917?

1057 words - 4 pages The year 1917 saw Russia partake in two revolutions; each played a significantly important role in the progression of world history. The first revolution in February overthrew the monarchy. It was commonly known as the 'February Revolution'. The February Revolution involved a series of uprisings by workers and peasants throughout the country and by soldiers, who were predominantly of peasant origin, in the Russian army. Councils known as

Why were there two revolutions in Russia in 1917?

2520 words - 10 pages communist state.Obviously, the revolutions were closely linked and the second one could not have existed without the first one. The essence of the revolutions was found in various events and causes, which had sometimes happened decades earlier.Russia in 1917In 1917, Russia was the largest and the most populated country of Europe. However, it was out of date and ruled by a tsarist regime. All the institutions that supported this monarchy (the Church

Why did the Revolution fail to topple the Tsar in 1905, but succeed in 1917?

1670 words - 7 pages Why did the Revolution fail to topple the Tsar in 1905, but succeed in 1917?The Russian Revolution had a decisive impact on the history of the twentieth century. Its implications and influences went on to effect a huge area and last decades. True to the large impact that it had, it was a large event. It spanned years and included many various groups and individuals. When studying the Russian Revolution it is important to note that it came during

Why did the Armenian Genocide Happen?

1814 words - 8 pages During the early stages of World War I, members of the Armenian race began to deal with racial prejudice from the Turks that soon resulted in a genocide. The term genocide refers to the deliberate destruction of a nationality or an ethnic group. Part of the Ottoman Empire in 1915, Turkey made goals to remove the ethnic Armenians prominent, and initiative was taken to eliminate the enemies forever. Between the years of 1915 and 1923, the

How and why did Bolsheviks seize power in Russia in 1917?

675 words - 3 pages The Bolsheviks were a fraction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. Their leader was Vladimir Lenin. In October 1917 he lead Bolsheviks to a triumph in the Russian Revolution. From now on Russia became a single party state, which later became the Soviet Union. In this Essay the author would like to present an account of the events in which Bolsheviks took power in Russia and consider facts that made it possible.The first signs of

By the end of the Eighteenth Century, Medical Education had undergone Substantial changes. How and why did this happen?

1217 words - 5 pages The eighteenth century saw many advances in the education of medicine. Outdated theories began to be turned into practical observation which sprang new thoughts and theories. The many medical discoveries of this period ‘…eventually made it impossible for faculty professors to deny the value of a detailed knowledge of the human body’ (Book1, p.357). Preconceptions were diminished on the ‘demeaning’ activities of surgery and pharmaceuticals and

Revolutions of Russia in 1917

729 words - 3 pages The revolutionary events in Russia in 1917 stemmed from a number of causes but the primary one was the tyranny of the Tsar. The unfair and cruel use of power by the Tsar to satisfy himself and furthermore ignore the needs and the demands of the Russian people in particularly the peasants and the workers would later become the downfall of his autocracy.Russia had been experiencing a number of problems in the years leading up to World War I which

The Revolutions of 1848

1384 words - 6 pages Hungary by August.These revolutions made the problems of Europe get so much more worse than anyone could expect. The poor working class that fought for money and food began to slowly suffer and die because nothing was done about it. This became a determining factor for why so many took part in the 1848 revolutions. The demonstrations and protests did no good for those striving for change. As much as these revolutions were unexpected, it seems as

The Revolutions of 1848

1062 words - 4 pages . There were three main causes of the outbreak of the revolution in Germany such as: the down spiral of the business cycle, business failure and loss of job, and the harvest failures throughout Europe. The people sought after change but in the end they did not fully reach their goal. (“The revolutions of 1848: in Germany, Italy, and France”) In Italy, nationalism began to form, the conservative leaders felt threatened by the ideas of the

Did the revolutions of 1848 share any common principles or aims?

912 words - 4 pages partition and it was not just one, but several.The revolutions did share common interests, especially between the classes. Peasantry and workers wanted jobs, higher wages, land and stop the industrialization. Middle-classes wanted the chance to vote, more privileges, to be more equal with the nobles. The nobles wanted to The overall need was also for a stable government that would fulfil the requirements of each social class, not in a generalized way.

Similar Essays

Why Did The Salem Witch Trials Happen

1329 words - 6 pages . The main reason was because Salem was fairly large for this time period and had over 600 inhabitants and these 600 or so people were divided into two main sects. There were those who wanted to separate from Salem, the town and its townspeople, and there were also those who did not and wanted to continue being associated with the town. The residents who wanted to separate from Salem Town were farming families located in the western part of Salem

Why Did The Tsar Abdicate In 1917?

1030 words - 4 pages Why did the Tsar abdicate in 1917?The title 'Tsar' means a male monarch or emperor. Russia had always had a Tsar for 300 years; Nicholas II was the last .There is a number of reasons that led Nicholas abdicating in 1917.One of the main reasons that led the Tsar abdicating was failures of Wars. In 1904 Russia planned what was meant to be a surprise attack on Japan so it can stretch its empire, but ended up loosing which meant the tsar was

How And Why Did The Russian Revolution Of 1917 And The Us Entry In World War

1222 words - 5 pages to make it impossible to fight with the British and French in the western front. However, lack of organization and the defeat of the battle made the Bolsheviks power increase; also, the two revolutions in 1917 made the Russian army breakdown. In this circumstance the German made Russian force the humiliating peace treaty, Brest-Litovsk. This made the Russians drop out from Europe; @this meant that they will be no longer the "Great Power" any more

Why Did The Bolsheviks Appeal To The People Of Russia In 1917?

607 words - 2 pages The Bolsheviks appealed to the people of Russia in 1917 mainly because Russian society craved change. The tsar was now a part of the past and Russian society wanted to try something new. This is mainly why the Bolshevik party appealed to the people of Russia in 1917.The initial triumph of the Bolshevik Revolution at the end of October, 1917 did not mean that the entire population of Russia had been converted to Bolshevism. Leninwas aware of this