Why Did The Tsar Abdicate In 1917?

1030 words - 4 pages

Why did the Tsar abdicate in 1917?The title 'Tsar' means a male monarch or emperor. Russia had always had a Tsar for 300 years; Nicholas II was the last .There is a number of reasons that led Nicholas abdicating in 1917.One of the main reasons that led the Tsar abdicating was failures of Wars. In 1904 Russia planned what was meant to be a surprise attack on Japan so it can stretch its empire, but ended up loosing which meant the tsar was embarrassed and humiliated. This led to the peace treaty with Japan; the Tsar did not do this on his own free will- he was forced to do this so it looked like he had things under control when really it was the opposite. The Tsar also made a huge mistake by taking over the army in 1914. This weakened his regime because 17,000 men were wounded in battle. This is also made the Tsar responsible for the defeats but also for the failures- things started to go wrong when he took over the army and he was meant to be chosen by God. This therefore made the army loose there confidence in the Tsar which then exacerbates him to abdicate. Another issue was that when the Tsar was out in battle Rasputin was also in the White palace with the Tsarina.Rasputin was known as the mystical healer and also as an adviser- he was also the catalyst that led the Tsar to abdicate. Rasputin was believed to be a healer after he cured the Tsar's son. The Tsar then offered him a place in the White palace as the holy man. There were rumors that Rasputin influenced the Tsar's decision through the Tsarina - this is a very bad thing seeing as Rasputin was a peasant and a peasant influencing the emperor of Russia's decisions puts doubts in society's mind. In other ways having Rasputin in the White palace was a good thing; the fact that he was a peasant makes it look like the Tsar is listening to people by having him work there. There were also rumors that when the Tsar was away fighting in wars the Tsarina was having an affair with Rasputin. The fact that the Tsar didn't dismiss Rasputin after all the rumors where going around- this confirmed his weakness and therefore made him very unpopular with the public e.g. Members of the aristocracy , they then decided to take over things themselves.Another reason people might say that led to the Tsar abdicating was the unrest of the peasantry. One of the key events that happened was 'Bloody Sunday'. Father Gapon led a group of strikers to the St Petersburg church to hand in a petition about the publics point of view- they wanted the tsar to listen to what they had to say about how the government should be run. They were met there by soldiers who fired at the mercilessly. The strikers didn't want it to result to violence they just wanted to hand in petition in peace. Although the Tsar was not at the Winter Palace at the time, he still received the blame for the...

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