This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why Did The United States Dump The Articles Of Confederation For The Constitution Of 1787?

870 words - 3 pages

On June 12, 1776, the Continental Congress appointed a committee, consisting of one delegate from each of the thirteen states, for the purpose of setting up a cohesive Federal Government. Headed by John Dickinson, the committee presented a draft of the Articles of Confederation to Congress a month later. Though the Articles were not officially ratified until five years later, Congress began operating under them in 1777. The delay that occurred during the years from drafting to ratification was partially caused by the opening of a multi-faceted debate that encompassed the issues of representation for citizens, the balance of power within the country, and state sovereignty. Densely-populated states wanted a system of representation based on population, while the more sparsely-inhabited states disagreed. The Federalist Party wanted a small federal government, but common sense demanded a balance in size. Everyone wanted the question of state sovereignty answered. The Articles of Confederation attempted to answer these questions, but instead, only succeeded in creating an ineffectual, self-contradictory government that required reform. This reform came in the form of the Constitution of 1789.
Commensurate representation was the first issue faced by the Confederation Congress. The Articles mandated a continuation of the structure used during the Revolutionary War, whereby each state had one vote in Congress, but some of the states disagreed. “If distance made unreasonable the notion that the thirteen colonies could be well governed from London, distance made almost equally far-fetched the notion that the thirteen states could be well governed by a single national government” (McDonald). Thus, the large states advocated a form of representation in which the number of representatives rose proportionately with the number of state inhabitants. The more lightly-populated Southern states disagreed with this proposition. These states feared that such a system would give the larger states an unfair advantage in Congress. Proportional representation was an issue that was raised over and over by various congressmen but, ultimately, the Representatives agreed to leave it until after the ratification of the Articles. The disagreement persisted, however, and was not solved until the drafting of the Constitution. The Constitution resolved this problem by instituting a bicameral legislature that consisted of two houses. One house had one Representative, called a Senator, per state, and the other house based representation on state size.
The second issue in question was governmental size. “In retrospect, the articles created a remarkably weak central government, precisely because that was what the radical Whigs wanted” (Text, 93-94). The Whigs, some of whom were known as Federalists, drafted the articles to make an extremely small. Many of the...

Find Another Essay On Why did the United States dump the Articles of Confederation for the Constitution of 1787?

The Articles of Confederation verses the Constitution

1310 words - 6 pages confederation but that all states did not agree to the reform. Along with the two major conflicts between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution there were many distinctions. Many of the distinctions were state government and federal government. The Articles were based on the belief of a state run government and the Constitution was on a federal government. The second distinction mentioned was the distribution of power in the government. The third was the Bill of Rights which was voted on by the people to be put in the Constitution. Today our government is not perfect, but it was decided by the people, for the people.

The Constitution and The Articles of Confederation

950 words - 4 pages , had no way of compensating soldiers, or honoring investors and foreign nations for their loans. Losing faith in the nation as a whole, the States asked the Continental Congress to organize the Constitutional Convention. Held in Philadelphia from May 14th to September 17th of 1787, fifty-five delegates from nation-wide convened at the capital to amend the voids never addressed in the original federal document. The Articles, was identical to a poorly

Articles of Confederation vs. the Constitution

839 words - 3 pages , Washington also states that "a liberal and energetic Constitution, well guarded and closely watched, to prevent encroachments, might restore [America] to that degree of respectability and consequence, to which [America] had a fair claim" (Document F). Rebellions were more likely to occur under the Articles of Confederation because it would be difficult for the states to raise an army in order to stop the rebellion. Additionally, it would be

Articles of Confederation vs. The Constitution

1063 words - 4 pages set limits on the power of government to interfere in the lives of citizens.Upon declaring independence in 1776, the Continental Congress needed to create a basis for a union of the states called the Articles of Confederation, which stated that "Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and independence, and every power, jurisdiction and right, which is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled

Articles of Confederation v.s. The Constitution

1902 words - 8 pages decided was that a meeting would take place in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787 that would establish better unity and relationships between the states. The brainchild of this convention came out to be one of the most important documents in history, a document that is always described as living, a document that other countries have based their government after, the Constitution of the United State of America.Now how did such a great thing come

Explain the impact of the Articles of the Confederation on the Constitutional Convention of 1787. How were the imperfections of the Articles ‘corrected’ with the new constitution?

1870 words - 7 pages imperfections of the Articles of Confederation were corrected by the new constitution. In order to understand the magnitude and multitude of the deficiencies of the Articles of Confederation that led to an ineffective United States response to effective state-building, it is first necessary to examine the intricacies of the Articles themselves.Soon after the Declaration of Independence, the Continental Congress drafted and approved the Articles of

Why the Articles of Confederation Failed

1166 words - 5 pages central government was far too weak and did not have enough power over the states to control even minor things. Without a source of revenue, a system of trade, or any kind of organization of the states, the country was failing. The Articles of Confederation lasted just over eight years, finally being replaced on March 4, 1789 (Henretta et al. 2010). Delegates had to come to a compromise between a weak and disorganized central government, and a strong one with limited but essential power. This led to the creation of the United States Constitution, which unlike the Articles of Confederation, has stood the test of time due to its strong central government.

Foundations Of The Constitution: Articles Of The Confederation

575 words - 2 pages When faced with the responsibility of creating a new government for their new nation, the founders' most logical choice was a loose confederation of states with a weak federal or central government. Unfortunately, a confederation too loose or a government too weak does not a nation make, and failure ensued. Yet still, questions of motivation, method, and mentality ensue. The Articles of Confederation were a simply answer to the question

Comparing the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution

1402 words - 6 pages the Constitution in the United States were the founding Fathers in the Constitution and the Articles of the Confederation. But all the ones that I put into perspective are the ones that had done the most work on it and put all the ideas they had together. All of them were well educated people and all you guys should thank the Founding Fathers for what they have done for you. Alright you have already heard about the Founding Fathers from your

the Articles of Confederation VS The U.S Constitution

639 words - 3 pages keep one body from controlling much like England. The Articles was in effect until it was replaced by the United States Constitution on March 4, 1789. The Articles of Confederation was the document that gave the United States of America its first governmental structure that unified the 13 colonies that had fought in the American Revolution. Also The Articles gave sovereignty to the states to keep from having a tyrannical government. This again

The Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution

1300 words - 5 pages important step in the development of the current government system. The weaknesses presented by the Articles of Confederation helped lead to reforms that made the Constitution successful. Both the Articles and the Constitution demonstrate the struggles that the colonists went through with the British and their desire to establish a new tyranny free government. The Articles of Confederation was the United States first attempt at creating a democratic

Similar Essays

Comparison Of The United States Constitution And The Articles Of Confederation

967 words - 4 pages very first principles of government, it desperately needed revision. On September 17, 1787 members of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia substituted the Articles of Confederation with a newly written doctrine known as the U.S. Constitution. In order for it to become effective the Constitution needed to be ratified by nine states. This new doctrine was to serve as the supreme law of the land and consisted of a preamble, seven

Comparison Between The Articles Of Confederation And The United States Constitution

953 words - 4 pages of states and the people. We can see the people needed a strong central government which was given to them with the Constitution of the United States. The Articles of Confederation which was a good starter for the Constitution, but was deemed to be too weak to allow the American people to feel secure with their independence. The Constitution seemed to be a far more superior and detailed government allowing the people to gain there freedom and

Reasons The Articles Of Confederation Led To The Ratification Of The Constitution: Why Did The Articles Fail? Did The Constitution Solve The Problems?

942 words - 4 pages United States," Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2006 © 1997-2006 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.4. Mount, Steve. "Constitutional Topic: Martial Law." 30 Nov 2001. (20 June 2006)5. "Why Did the Articles of Confederation Fail?" Essay Info - Essay Writing CenterEssayinfo.com6. Encyclopedia of American Studies. "Constitution." Copyright © 2006 ScholasticLibrary Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved. (20 June 2006)

The Articles Of Confederation And The Constitution

762 words - 4 pages things that gave fault to the Articles of Confederation. For the time being, this did not seem like a big deal for the citizens of the new country. The Founding Fathers, though, knew something would have to eventually change for the United States to succeed in the future. The process of drafting the Constitution started on May 25th of 1787. This was roughly ten years since the Articles of Confederation was created. Writing the Constitution was