This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why Did Trotsky Not Become The New Leader Of The Bolshevik Party After Lenin's Death?

3990 words - 16 pages

When Lenin died on the 21st of January 1924 many thought that Trotsky was his natural successor as the leader of the Bolshevik party. However, even prior to Lenin's death, Stalin was building his power base, which ultimately would allow him lead the Bolshevik party.

In October 1927, Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev were expelled from the Central Committee of the Bolshevik party of Soviet Russia. Under pressure from the Central Committee, Zinoviev and Kamenev agreed to sign contracts promising not to create conflict in the party by making speeches attacking official policies. Leon Trotsky refused to sign and was exiled to the Turkish island of Prinkipo.

On the 21st of December 1929 Stalin celebrated his 50th birthday as the absolute dictator of Soviet Russia.

How was Trotsky able to be backed by Lenin and considered by most Russians as the clear choice for the next leader after Lenin's death and still not become the leader of the party? Trotsky had substantial power. He was the commissar for war with a considerable level of respect. He was the hero of the civil war; he had a growing cult who had faith in him without question. However, this just fuelled his arrogance and he failed to even acknowledge the threat of Stalin.

I will go onto discuss the reasons and opinions behind one of histories greatest misfortunes.

Trotsky versus the Triumvirate

From 1921 until his death in 1924 Lenin suffered a series of strokes. However, he kept working until a major stroke made him mute in March 1923. In 1923 Trotsky then found himself up against Stalin, Zinoviev and Kamenev (the triumvirate) for the leadership. Trotsky was no longer fighting class enemies as he had been in the civil war. He was now fighting his own members of his party which for someone so devoted to his party and the cause must have been hard.

The triumvirate was an odd alliance in hindsight, as the trust between the three men was very misplaced. Zinoviev thought he was using Stalin to get into power. He was probably the most delusional of the triumvirate because he genuinely felt that he was going to be the next leader of the Bolshevik party. Kamenev was showing his support to his friend Zinoviev and the old Bolsheviks of the party, he just wanted to stop Trotsky, a new and ambitious member of the party, from becoming the leader over the older members who had been dedicated to the cause for longer. Stalin was actually using Zinoviev and Kamenev to defeat Trotsky. Trotsky describes Stalin as "The most eminent mediocrity in our party." John Reed, who recorded the October revolution in his book, "Ten Days That Shook the World", described Stalin as a "grey blur, looming up now and then dimly and not leaving a trace." Stalin was clearly underestimated by everyone.
In 1921 a pressure group within the party, calling itself the Workers' Opposition arose calling for trade union rights. Lenin implemented a policy condemning them. He then went further and succeeded in passing a resolution which...

Find Another Essay On Why did Trotsky not become the new leader of the Bolshevik party after Lenin's death?

Why Stalin Emerged as the Sole Leader of the U.S.S.R. and Not Trotsky

754 words - 3 pages Why Stalin Emerged as the Sole Leader of the U.S.S.R. and Not Trotsky Trotsky was a leading Bolshevik and played a pivotal role in the revolution, persuading Lenin to delay the revolution until the Bolshevik’s had a much stronger place in the country. He also was crucial to the civil war, as he organised the troops and motivated them. Stalin on the other hand was in charge of all the dull jobs within the Bolshevik party

Why did Lenin and Trotsky win the Russian civil war?

764 words - 3 pages Key points of essay; (for revision purposes)1. Trotsky and the red army2. Weakness of the White armies3. War Communism4. Attitude of the peasants5. Propaganda6. Red terror- Cheka7. Allied WithdrawalJuring the Russian civil war Leon Trotsky played a major role. He was commander and chief of the red army, which fought on the side of the communists. As a much experienced and brave commander he won many battles against the white armies through smart

Lenin's Problems after the October Revolution, how did he deal with them?

762 words - 3 pages is affirmed by historians Strayer and Gatzke.Lenin faced complex problems after the initial triumph of the October Revolution subsided. He was left with a foreign war to end, and a domestic one to quell. Both terminated victoriously only on an ideological level. The massive devastation that the new government confronted was aggravated by harsh war communism policy. With the gradual increase of Lenin's New Economic Policy came controversy and some emergency relief. Ultimately at the time of Lenin's death the Soviet Union was still plagued, though perhaps not as severely, by economic and social distress.

Why Party Politcs Developed After 1789 in the United States

2701 words - 11 pages rekindled differences that were evident from the 1787 Ratification debates. Many of those present and those who it affected did not want to relinquish state rights, nor did they believe that a Government should be given the right to tax, an issue which had propelled them to cut their colonial ties. Thus anytime after Hamilton's reports can be discussed as time frame for party development. It should be noted also that for parties to develop their

What are the principal philosophies of the Liberal Party? Why had the Liberal Party been so electorally successful over the years? Why did it lose the last election?

3452 words - 14 pages government won four elections, including winning control of the Senate in 2004. So why was that same government routed in 2007? Why did the Prime Minister "become only the second sitting Prime Minister, and the third party leader, since Federation to be defeated in his own electorate?" There are a number of possible explanatory factors. Arguably, however, the change to the philosophy of the Party was the key factor - the Party began to believe that the

Why did the Big Three after WWI disagree so strongly?

997 words - 4 pages Germany's consequences should be. He was considered one of the Big Three because many European nations were indebted to the US during the war, and this gave America power and control at the Versailles conference, and a significant say in European matters. Wilson did not feel the need to come down hard on the Germans because the United States had nothing to fear from Germany, as oceans separated them, and leaving a powerful Germany in Europe would

Why the death penatly does not work

991 words - 4 pages When discussing the right or wrong of capital punishment the old saying comes to mind, "I don't get mad I get even". This seems to be a strong basis for why we should use the death penalty. So strong is our urge for a perfect society that we look to the quick fix of killing off those who make us feel unsafe. Many of us neglect the strong evidence that the death penalty brings us no where closer to the solution of stopping the horrendous act of

Why did Australia become involved in the war in Iraq and what have been some of the consequences of this?

1065 words - 4 pages war with Iraq and the sensibilities of the Australian government in joining the war.The Australian government also joined the war to strengthen and uphold it's diplomatic relationship with America and to show Australia as a current force in global events. The feeling was that if Australia did not aid America in their war then we could not expect the return favor if we were ever the target of an attack. Fears were aroused of the 'ever present

Exploring Why the Tsar Abdicated after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 Revolution

2839 words - 11 pages Exploring Why the Tsar Abdicated after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 Revolution Introduction: Before the 20th century Russia was still very much living in the medieval age with a Medieval standard of living. Before the mid 19th century, Russia’s peasants were subjects to a form of slavery and were known as “Serfs”. This from of slavery was abolished in 1861and peasants were aloud land for themselves – but

Short essay discusses why Socrates did not fear death

614 words - 2 pages is not at risk, it is hard to determine if they will fear death when the time comes. Generally speaking, people fear what they do not understand. If one does not understand why their life is endangered or must be sacrificed it is likely that they will fear death. If a person has not achieved their goals in life, contributed in some way to the world or impacted the life of another person, they will not be so willing to give their life away

Why did the Chinese Communist Party Win the Civil War in 1949?

1297 words - 5 pages people; lastly, they were given rights to vote for village leaders. By doing all this, the once enslaved and exploited people of china gained faith and freedom established the myth that only the 'Red Army' was the true protector of China. In contrast, the GMD had no strong support from the peasants; and most of them felt no connection to the government. The GMD had no party organization helping the struggling provinces, and after the split of GMD

Similar Essays

Why Did Stalin Take Power And Not Trotsky? The Power Struggle Between The Bolshevik After Lenin's Death

1306 words - 5 pages Why did Stalin take power and not Trotsky?In 1921 Lenin died and a power struggle emerged upon the top members of the Bolshevik party to take over as leader of the Bolshevik party no knowing that in doing so will eventually get themselves exiled out of Russia or Killed by a man largely underestimated and never thought to go to the extremes he did.Lenin had been ill for some time and it was obvious he was not going to live for much longer after

Why Did Stalin Rather Than Trotsky Emerge As The Leader Of The Ussr After Lenin's Death?

1732 words - 7 pages see him as a loyal member of the Bolshevik Party. Due to his very strong views that he refused to back down from he was seen as the most likely to try and establish a dictatorshipAs well as Trotsky's inability in political intrigue he also made multiple mistakes. The fact that he did not appear at Lenin's funeral meant that many saw him as disrespectful to a leader who they were starting to idolise. This factor has been a point of discussion for

Lenin's Contribution To The Development Of The Bolshevik Party

964 words - 4 pages made by Lenin to the development of the party, as Lenin's ideas were the basis for the Bolshevik Party's new slogans, 'Bread, Peace, Land' and 'All power to the soviets' were the messages Russian public wanted to hear, especially as shortages were not getting any less. Lenin encouraged the Bolsheviks to put the message out that the Bolsheviks would give people what they wanted most, the message had not changed, but people

Why Stalin, Not Trotsky, Became Lenin's Successor

613 words - 2 pages Stalin emerged as Lenin's successor for many different reasons. Stalin was a vicious man with many strengths which helped him gain leadership. He was the quiet one in the Bolshevik party, but appeared as Lenin's loyal colleague after his death in 1924.Stalin took on the job of General Secretary and that put him in control of the Bolshevik party. With his position, he promoted his friends and those who supported him and he demoted his opposition