This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why Do Fewer Women Subscribe To The Idea That They Are Feminists In 2003 Than Was The Case In The 70's And Early 80's?

1921 words - 8 pages

Why do fewer women subscribe to the idea that they arefeminists in 2003 than may have been the case inthe 70's and early 80's.Within this essay I will be identifying the reasons why many women are reluctant to call themselves feminists. I will look at the ideas and opinions of feminists such as Natasha Walter, Katherine Viner, Germaine Greer and Imelda Whelehan in order to answer the question and hope to successfully show why there has been a decline in women as feminists.The dictionary definition of feminism is simple enough: "belief in the social, political and economic equality of the sexes."Feminism means different things to different people, however, the basic assumption shared by all ...view middle of the document...

She argues her point in, The New Feminism (1998) and makes her case by citing structural factors such as pay inequalities, it is common knowledge that women earn less then men, in fact they still earn only 60-80% of the male wage. Women may fail to get jobs or promotion as they are viewed, economically, as a 'bad risk', who will cost employers money because of maternity leave. Statistics to back this up are those of at the end of the twentieth century women still constituted only 18% of hospital consultants, 7% of university professors and 4.5% of company directors.It could be argued that women are not getting these jobs because they lack relevant qualifications or experience, but with more girls doing well in education, in many cases better than boys, this seems unlikely to be true. It is clear that without affordable childcare women who are mothers find it very difficult to undertake paid work, but research has suggested that much of this absence of women from top jobs is still due to sexual discrimination.Walter also identifies legal inequalities, for example the way in which women in rape cases have been made to face prolonged interrogation about their sexual past, whereas their alleged attackers are not subjected to the same scrutiny.The feminism Walter talks of is mainly 'equality feminism', as the key focus of her book is that women must have formal and material equality, financially, educationally and legally with men. Walter believes that most women want this and there is a new feminism among young British women. However, she thinks that although many women are sympathetic to this 'new' feminism, they are often reluctant to call themselves feminists for fear of association with old negative stereotypes of feminists as man-hating, miserable women. She argues that this stereotype has arisen through the ideas feminists put forward in the 1970's, from the notion that 'the personal is political'.This slogan was intended to show that personal experiences, such as sexuality and motherhood, were the site of unequal power in relationships. "It demonstrated the ways in which the understanding of domestic responsibilities as 'women's work' prevented women from earning money outside the home. It also importantly made 'private' issues such as domestic violence and rape within marriage visible, and led to the provision of refuges and to new legislation to protect women". (Jowett, 2000).However, in Walter's opinion, the slogan is a hindrance to modern feminism. Although it was successful in giving women the knowledge and ability to ensure that they were not oppressed in their personal lives, it diverts attention from real inequality and it loses the women who would call themselves feminists if it were not for the unattractive stereotype. By hanging onto the slogan it seems that feminism loses out twice.Katherine Viner (1999) criticises Walter's attempts to alienate this slogan. She argued that many aspects of women's personal lives remain political....

Find Another Essay On Why Do Fewer Women Subscribe To The Idea That They Are Feminists In 2003 Than Was The Case In The 70's And Early 80's?

Influence of the Media in the Anti-War Movement of the 60's and 70's

2121 words - 8 pages napalm burning their villages and tearing their country apart.” The Fulbright hearings were an eye-opener to the millions of Americans who watched them. They convinced many that opposing the war and patriotism were compatible. The movement against the Vietnam War could be said as one of the greatest triumphs in democracy. The war’s purpose was to instill democracy, yet the war was waged with a lack of a constitutional warrant. What started as a few

Culture and Music of the 70's

2639 words - 11 pages Culture and Music of the 70's Music is an outlet to all aspects of life and culture is a significant way of forming people and the way they live. Although not always seen directly culture has an overbearing influence on the music that is produced and made popular. The political Climate of the early seventies was full of fire with issues such as Vietnam and constant protest throughout the county. Later in the 70’s the end of the

The Breakfast Club and the 80's

566 words - 2 pages Whenever I am about to go view a 1980's film or any older film, I always bring with me certain assumptions. These assumptions are usually wrong and the older film usually impresses me.Many popular movies of today are usually smothered with special effects and it's a common belief by many people that all these special effects make movies better. I can honestly say that I take that misconception with me as I start to watch older films, such as the

The Effects of Green Revolution in the 70's

874 words - 4 pages widespread unemployment among agricultural labourers in rural areas and the worst hit are the poor and the landless people. Agriculture under Green Revolution has not grown at a rate which was expected in the beginning. The high yielding variety seeds are also responsive to certain Key inputs such as fertilizers, irrigation as a result there is also increase in the cost of production. Some experts have also commented that the indigenous varieties could

"Sixteen Candles" and the 80's

547 words - 2 pages the significance of their high school career as it pertains to their life. For me, now in college, it seems that everything in high school doesn't matter anymore. My friends and other associations are almost long since forgotten even though it was less than a year ago. All the things that seemed so important and worth watery eyes during the four years of high school seem very trivial in my current outlook of the world around me. The same could

Women in the 1990's

857 words - 3 pages Women in the 1990's In today’s technological society it is hard to imagine that trivial things from the past like discrimination or prejudice are still present, but they are. Yes we still have racism, but for the most part this is only a problem of the less educated and vocal minority. There is a different prejudice that is deep rooted in this land of freedom and prosperity. This prejudice is sexism. The basic definition of sexism is

African Americans In The Early 1900's

734 words - 3 pages In the beginning of the twentieth century the African Americans of the United States were treated unfairly, to inhumane extremes, with acts so cruel that they would scar Americans for decades to come. During these years, Americans were almost a different culture than the Americans of today. With years of oppression, government sponsored segregation, corruption in most all of the systems of government, and large groups of crazy racist, the

Immigration In The Early 1900's

1670 words - 7 pages large cities of ethnic enclaves called "Chinatowns" all over the country. It was within these communities that their culture and traditions thrived thus providing them with the support they needed to climb up in American society. Practically forced out of their homeland by the English and hard economic times back home, the Irish came to America with hopes of a better life. They crammed onto boats with little more than a suitcase and the

Analysis: James G. Clawson´s A Leader’s Guide To Why People Behave The Way They Do

709 words - 3 pages In James G. Clawson case study A Leader’s Guide To Why People Behave The Way They Do we learned how the mentality of leaders is deeply influenced by their parents. One of the key things to take away from Clawson article is how parents can potentially have a lasting effect in the outlooks of a child that can affect them later on in life as adults. As babies are born they are born without any type perceptions created on their own, instead their

Immigration to America in the Early 1900's

1213 words - 5 pages Immigration to America in the Early 1900's In the eyes of the early American colonists and the founders of the Constitution, the United States was to represent the ideals of acceptance and tolerance to those of all walks of life. When the immigration rush began in the mid-1800's, America proved to be everything but that. The millions of immigrants would soon realize the meaning of hardship and rejection as newcomers, as they attempted to

Organizational behavior. In studying motivation we are interested in understanding why people choose to do certain things rather than others,and also why different people put different amounts of...

3051 words - 12 pages the other hand,are external to the person.In studying motivation we are interested in understanding why people choose to do certain things rather than others,and also why different people put different amounts of effort or intensity into the activities they engage in.Attitudes:An attitude refers to the way a person feels about and is disposed towards some "object".Attitudes are relevant to our understanding of individual motivation and behavior

Similar Essays

Strikes Of The 70's And 80's: The Invisible Role Of Women

2586 words - 10 pages Strikes of the 70's and 80's: The Invisible Role of Women Throughout history women have slowly moved from the role of mother and housewife into the labor force. In the middle of this rise in stature is a relatively unknown set of events that helped women gain the self-respect and individual attitude needed to move up in the work force. Women's participation in strikes during the 1970's and 80's is relatively unknown in U.S. history. Although

How Did Pittsburg Go From Being Bad In The Early 70's To Being One Of The Best Teams Within The Late 70's

2201 words - 9 pages -1976, 1978, and 1979) and was named to NFL All-Pro teams in 1974 and 1975. He also was named to the 1970’s All-Decade Team.” (Young) So you could say Pittsburgh was a little overpowered in the 70’s. We earned all the championships through smart plays by the Owner and General Manger. Now that we taken a look at the players let’s see what the management was doing to see if they had anything to do with this winning record. First we want to find out

Music Of The Early 80's Essay

1009 words - 5 pages Music of the Early 1980's          The seeds for a change in music were planted in the early 80's. In 1981, the people in the music business were trying to determine what the music trends for the 1980's would be. Lionlel Richice was the first musician to produce the number one pop, R&B and country record in the same week, just his partner Diana Ross ("Endless Love") dominated the U.S. singles chart for nine weeks making Motown's

Discipline In The 80's Classroom Essay

1735 words - 7 pages Growing up as child of the 80's and early 90's, if I went to school and received a paddling or spanking for doing something wrong, I was quite aware of, or at least had the knowledge of the bad behavior that was disregarded and the consequences of my inappropriate action. Furthermore, being conscious of the fact that my parents were hundred percent supportive of corporal punishment in any school district I attended, whether it