Why Do We Have Aggression?
Why is it that some people find the need to lash out and others do not? Could we be born with it? Or do we learn it? Lorenz and Zimbardo, two highly qualified researchers when it comes to behavior, take a deeper look into the idea of aggression. Lorenz takes a positive standpoint on aggression saying it is a constructive and necessary whereas Zimbardo says that aggression appears in particular situations. As this essay unveils I will explain to you in depth the ideas behind both of these arguments, how they relate to the subject of aggression and ultimately, what they tell us about it.
Lorenz uses his knowledge of animal behavior in order to pin point specific idea about aggression. He comes to the conclusion that in most animal species, aggression is not used in spite of other creatures, but is mainly for the means to survival and territorial protection. Lorenz explains when referencing to species, “every one of the fighters gains an obvious advantage by it’s behavior” (Lorenz,1966, Pg. 26). By saying this he is referring to the idea that species would not participate in aggressive actions if there were no results. Aggression specifically in the wild does not come from anything that is not triggered by a motivation; every act of aggression is directed to an advantage. Lorenz has suggested, “the aggression drive has become derailed under conditions of civilization” (Lorenz,1966, Pg. 27). By saying that he is trying to tell us that he likes to focus on the true causes and existence of aggression and uses the idea of species in habitats to prove it. He explains that among mammals “it is not surprising that marking your territory by scent plays a big role in aggression” (Lorenz,1966, pg. 31). When thinking about an animal’s readiness to be aggressive towards others, Lorenz pinpoints that territory has a lot to do with this. He says, “the readiness to fight is in the most familiar places” (Lorenz,1966, pg. 32). This shows us that the development of territory is key in understanding aggression in species. The ideas presented about aggression in Lorenz’s work is clear that aggression was developed as something that is necessary and was clearly developed for benefits.
Zimbardo on the other hand, has a different take on the ideas of aggression by expressing that people turn evil or...