Why Do We Remember James Cook?

727 words - 3 pages

Do you know who the worlds greatest explorers are? One of them is the topic ofthis essay. This essay is about James Cook. The objective of this report will be toanswer the following question: Why do we remember James Cook?James Cook was born on October 27, 1728 in Marton, England. At the age of 18James Cook became an apprentice with a shipping company. His first voyages heworked on ships that carried coal to English ports. In 1755, during the French - Indianwar, Cook joined the British navy. In 1759 he was given a dangerous wartime mission.He was to enter French territory and survey the St. Lawrence river for the British navy.The charts that he made during this voyage contributed to the capture of the French cityof Quebec later in that year.James Cook made three voyages to the Pacific. His first voyage, in 1768, thenavy appointed Cook to lead an expedition to Tahiti. On the Endeavour they left inAugust and reached Tahiti in April of 1769. On the island scientists watched the planetVenus pass between the Earth and the Sun. This was the main goal of this voyage butcook had been given secret orders to find an unknown continent in the south pacific. Hewas told to find it because geographers believed that it kept the world in balance,however Cook was unable to find it. In October of 1769 Cook became the first Europeanman to visit New Zealand. In April of 1770 the Endeavor sailed to Botany Bay on theeast coast of Australia. Cook claimed the entire east coast of Australia for Great Britain.He returned to England in July of 1771. During this voyage, from 1678 - 1771, Cookbecame the first ship captain to prevent an outbreak of scurvy. Cook had heard thatscurvy was caused by a lack of fresh vegetables and fruits. To prevent an outbreak heserved his sailor's fruit and sauerkraut. In July of 1772 Cook set off on his second voyageto the pacific. Cook had left England with the Resolution and the Adventure. Thisexpedition was Cook's second attempt to find the unknown southern continent. Duringthis voyage Cook sailed farther south than any European had ever gone. Cook facedmany dangers in the cold Antarctic waters. Jagged...

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