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"Why Does Searle Think That The Chinese Room Thought Experiment Shows That The Turing Test Is Invalid, Strong Ai False? Can A Computer Or Robot Possess Understanding And Intelligence?"

1570 words - 6 pages

A commonly raised question brought up when analyzing the methodology behind the "The Turing Test", is can a computer's "thinking" exist with both syntax and semantics? And are both these required to "think"? John Searle's "Chinese Room Experiment" sets out to prove that although a merely syntactic computer may be able to pass "The Turing Test" it's understanding of the issues being posed to it are non-existent. In this essay I shall argue how Searle quite effectively illustrates his argument, as well as raising the objections to his argument. I shall conclude that Searle's objection to Artificial Intelligence rests on nothing more than chauvinism and that a computer or robot could possess understanding and intelligence in the future.In recent years, as complex computer technology has become more advanced, many believe that the gap between a human's ability to "think" and a computer's is beginning to close. The concepts presented in the prolific "Turing Test" are often cited by those who support this belief as reason to endorse the fact that computers will one day have a mind similar to a human's. In this widely used test designed by Alan Turing to determine whether or not computers can "Think", a human interrogator plays "The Imitation Game" by trying to distinguish a human's replies to questions from a computer's within a specified amount of time. Turing argued that if the interrogator is unable to distinguish the computer from the human, then the computer has achieved the ability to "think".One of Searle's key arguments refuting the "Turing Test" theory is his claim that "Brains cause minds" . Thinking can not exist without an organic brain which purpose is to ensure the body's proper functioning and survival. All animals which are born with brains are capable of "understanding" in order to adapt to their surroundings. Things which do not have brains can only exist on a syntactical level because the only way they can achieve understanding through semantics is through survival urges provided to those who have brains.In order for a computer to "think", it would have to have a relationship with its environment determined by brain processes which define a mental state. Searle remarks, "My thoughts, beliefs and desires are about something, or they refer to something, or they concern states of affairs in the world" Every thought, feeling, and emotion a human is representative of survival, and the brain's relationship with this process. Since a computer has no brain, and does not live, it is not required to think in order to adapt to its surroundings. Due to this aspect of a computer's make-up, it will never "think" because all aspects of its personality are defined by human manipulation of impulses, and the computer has no ability to exist on anything more than a superficial level.Searle supports his claim by creating a hypothetical situation involving a collection of Chinese characters, a human who does not understand Chinese, and a manual written...

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