"Why Does Searle Think That The Chinese Room Thought Experiment Shows That The Turing Test Is Invalid, Strong Ai False? Can A Computer Or Robot Possess Understanding And Intelligence?"

1570 words - 6 pages

A commonly raised question brought up when analyzing the methodology behind the "The Turing Test", is can a computer's "thinking" exist with both syntax and semantics? And are both these required to "think"? John Searle's "Chinese Room Experiment" sets out to prove that although a merely syntactic computer may be able to pass "The Turing Test" it's understanding of the issues being posed to it are non-existent. In this essay I shall argue how Searle quite effectively illustrates his argument, as well as raising the objections to his argument. I shall conclude that Searle's objection to Artificial Intelligence rests on nothing more than chauvinism and that a computer or robot could possess understanding and intelligence in the future.In recent years, as complex computer technology has become more advanced, many believe that the gap between a human's ability to "think" and a computer's is beginning to close. The concepts presented in the prolific "Turing Test" are often cited by those who support this belief as reason to endorse the fact that computers will one day have a mind similar to a human's. In this widely used test designed by Alan Turing to determine whether or not computers can "Think", a human interrogator plays "The Imitation Game" by trying to distinguish a human's replies to questions from a computer's within a specified amount of time. Turing argued that if the interrogator is unable to distinguish the computer from the human, then the computer has achieved the ability to "think".One of Searle's key arguments refuting the "Turing Test" theory is his claim that "Brains cause minds" . Thinking can not exist without an organic brain which purpose is to ensure the body's proper functioning and survival. All animals which are born with brains are capable of "understanding" in order to adapt to their surroundings. Things which do not have brains can only exist on a syntactical level because the only way they can achieve understanding through semantics is through survival urges provided to those who have brains.In order for a computer to "think", it would have to have a relationship with its environment determined by brain processes which define a mental state. Searle remarks, "My thoughts, beliefs and desires are about something, or they refer to something, or they concern states of affairs in the world" Every thought, feeling, and emotion a human is representative of survival, and the brain's relationship with this process. Since a computer has no brain, and does not live, it is not required to think in order to adapt to its surroundings. Due to this aspect of a computer's make-up, it will never "think" because all aspects of its personality are defined by human manipulation of impulses, and the computer has no ability to exist on anything more than a superficial level.Searle supports his claim by creating a hypothetical situation involving a collection of Chinese characters, a human who does not understand Chinese, and a manual written...

Find Another Essay On "Why does Searle think that the Chinese Room thought experiment shows that the Turing Test is invalid, strong AI false? Can a computer or robot possess understanding and intelligence?"

Artificial Intelligence : Can Computers Think?

1250 words - 5 pages , since everything could be copied or reformed. Since all parts of the computer are in physical form then how can we determine that a computer also have a psychological states. On the other hand, mind, personality or thought cannot be reformed; therefore, we cannot conclude that the computers can think. They only can do stuff that humans teach them, without humans these machines are useless. We can say a machine is like a human body since it has

As a Western construct, can nationalism satisfy non-Western movements? Does it then possess good or bad qualities?

1513 words - 6 pages Nationalism cannot be seen as either 'good' 'bad', as the notion of 'good' 'bad' characteristics depends upon the position of the observer. Nationalism is a Western construct which has been variously justified and used for different purposes wherever it is found. It will be argued that nationalism, while possessing neither absolute 'good' nor 'bad' qualities, can never be completely progressive. Even in its anti-colonialist form it derives from

What is the Turing Test, and Why is it so Difficult to Pass?

2188 words - 9 pages comprising the nervous system? To create an intelligent machine or a computer, it is necessary to grant it with thinking capabilities that are at par with humans. If such an intelligent machine is ever created, how can we test whether it can think on its own? How can it be certified as Artificial Intelligence? Alan Mathison Turing, a computer analyst, mathematician and cryptoanalyst, provided a simple solution to this problem. In a paper

The Turing Test

1415 words - 6 pages Test has always been a matter of discussion with scientists emphasizing its virtues or others criticizing it. As Millar mentions in his article, one of the main virtues is that Turing Test is an “operational definition” that evaluates a computer and can be used as a “criterion” in evaluating intelligent machines.(1) The importance that the test has had in the field of Artificial Intelligence is certainly indisputable. There have been thousands of

Some people think that it is difficult to find a relationship between home and computer.

828 words - 3 pages reflect, " I understand and I still believe in you", without so much as saying a word to the child." "Lord, " said the angel, " this is a very large project and I think you should work on it tomorrow". "I can't," said the Lord, " for I have come very close to creating something much like Myself. I have one that comes to work when he/she is sick.....teaches a class of children that do not want

Do you think that the monster in Frankenstein deserves our sympathy? Why or Why not?

1069 words - 4 pages different from them and he will never be able to fit in. At this point in the story, I can really feel the despair he felt and that nearly all his hopes of happiness are gone, making me even more sympathize with the monster. He thought that he had a chance and attached himself so emotionally with the family, but unfortunately, reality is harsh and that even his creator did not accept him, who will?The monster is so different outwardly from the

Abortion should NOT be illegal. This is a persuasive essay that shows the good that could come out of an abortion and why it should continue to be legal for women to CHOOSE to have an abortion

985 words - 4 pages persecuted by the government that could have saved their life. The government has a choice to make: A choice whether to listen to the religious leaders demanding that abortion is wrong, or to listen to the women and children who would be affected by this law. You decide whether you think abortion is killing a baby--or saving a life.

The Chinese Room Argument

998 words - 4 pages understand the way that a human does in the same way that the man in the room will never really understand Chinese, though it may seem that he does. This shows the limited nature of computer thinking and thus supports the hypothesis that a strong AI does not even exist. The problem with this sort of intelligence in terms of computers is that they are primarily limited to function by the rules set forth in parameters set in programs. In short, even as a

An operating system is a program that acts an intermediary betweena user of a computer and the computer hardware.

663 words - 3 pages tools for developing Internet web pages and operating system.UNIX, which is also a real operating system. More than one person can runmultiple applications, making it a multi-user and multitasking operatingsystem. With UNIX, each user logs in using a login name. Optionally,the user must also supply a password. The password ensures that theperson logging on with the user login name is really who she claimsto be. If the computer is attached to a

Why I think that Mark Twain is the greatest author of his time

638 words - 3 pages Tom had done in the book and some of the lies he would tell and I thought'man he is crazy for doing that' but as I thought about it more it seems reasonable to akid at that age and why wouldnt he act the way he did ? Mark Twain takes a big step to the side when he writes about one of MissWatsons slaves. Jim is a strong black slave in about his mid-twenties. As you read aboutJim and see what he's had to go through you can start to understand

"To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee shows, through the use of irony and characterization, that ignorance is present in the town of Maycomb and how determination can combat prejudice.

944 words - 4 pages marches. The novel To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, is about Scout and her brother Jem growing up in the racist town of Maycomb, Alabama. The message that Harper Lee is trying to get across is that ignorance causes prejudice, but can be defeated through the determination of others when they stand up for what is right. Through the use of irony and characterization Lee shows the ignorance that is present in the town of Maycomb and how

Similar Essays

Could A Robot Possess Genuine Understanding And Intelligence? Discuss With Relation To Searle’s Chinese Room Thought Experiment.

1079 words - 4 pages possess genuine intelligence or a mind like that of a human's. I will bring forward John Searle's Chinese room thought experiment, which sets out to prove a computer may be able to pass the turing test, but it has not gained the ability of genuine understanding. In my essay I shall argue how John Searle's room experiment effectively refutes the turing test proving that a robot cannot possess genuine understanding and intelligence due to lack of

Turing, Searle, And Artificial Intelligence Essay

1443 words - 6 pages actual person a stupid idiot, he would be in huge trouble.” Therefore, Turing would agree that Amy has justification for punishing her Son for insulting Siri* because Siri* is, by logical conclusion, a person. Part B: From Searle In contrast, Searle argues that the ability to pass the Turing Test does not prove sufficient understanding of language, as explained in his Chinese Box experiment. In this thought experiment, he claims that a non-Chinese

A Philosophical Essay Arguing Against The Theories Presented In "The Turing Test" Of Artificial Intelligence.

1039 words - 4 pages Test", is can a computer's "thinking" exist with both syntax and semantics? And are both these required to "think"? A high profile theory which sets out to prove that although a computer may be able to pass "The Turing Test" it's understanding of the issues being posed to it are non-existent, is John Searle's "Chinese Room Experiment". Searle quite effectively argues that a computer can pass the "The Turing Test" without truly thinking, because the

Miracles Identify A Philosopher And Examine Their Understanding Of The Term Miracle. Examine Arguments That Can Be Used To Discredit Belief In Miracles. How Is Belief In Miracles Still Strong?

2604 words - 10 pages MiraclesIdentify one philosopher and examine his/her understanding of the term miracle (6 marks)Examine the arguments, which can be used to discredit belief in miracles. In what respect do you consider belief in miracles to be strong in spite of these criticisms (14 marks)The topic of miracles and their existence is a controversial one due to the lack of proof of their existence and a recognised definition. Philosophers have long debated