Why Was Hitler Able To Dominate Germany By 1934? The Nazi Regime: How Effectively Did The Nazis Control Germany, 1933 45? The Nazi Regime: What Was It Like To Live In Nazi Germany?

2966 words - 12 pages

Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start?-- How did Germany emerge from defeat at the end of the First World War?Germany lost the First World War. People felt let down, and the army and navy were tired of fighting. There was a shortage of food, and in addition, the Kaiser soon abdicated, and fled to Holland.When the country was in the depths of despair, the largest political party called the Social Democrats stood up. Few leaders led the party. Among them, Philipp Scheidmann, who proclaimed that Germany was now a democratic republic. Germany no longer had a Kaiser, but instead a chancellor who was to be elected. The voting system used proportional representation, which counted the number of seats each party had, depending on the number of votes.--What was the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Republic?The Treaty of Versailles was an agreement stating that Germany was responsible for the damages of WWI, and had to pay the reparation (costs of war). In 1921, Germany had to pay £6,600 million. Since Germany had little money, the government had to raise the prices of goods, causing hyperinflation.The hyper inflation caused prices to become very high. People could no longer buy products, and the country could not make money. In 1921, the French invaded the Ruhr (part of Rhineland) to collect the reparations since Germany was unable to pay its dues. The currency collapsed, and caused money to become worthless. Eventually, many people lost their jobs.The government became more and more unpopular, and appeared to be very weak, because it was unable to deal with the nation's problems. Using this unpopularity of the government, the right-wing made the Kapp Putsch (1920) and the Munich Putsch (1923) in order to change Germany and overthrow the government.-- To what extent did the Republic recover after 1923?In 1923, Gustov Stresseman became chancellor. The old paper notes were destroyed, and a new currency, the Rentenmark was made. Germany was saved from hyper inflation.After Stresseman became chancellor, Germany was able to make many agreements to help their country recover. In 1924, the Dawes Plan was agreed by Germany, USA, Britain and France, to extend the deadline for the reparation by fifty-eight years. The Locarno Pact was made a year later, promising all bordering countries would not attack one another. The League of Nations in 1926, maintained world peace and the Kellogs-Briand Pact stopped countries going to war again.These agreements (especially the Dawes Plan) saved Germany from its downfall. The Dawes Plan allowed Germany to make spare money. The economy grew much faster than other countries. The Weimar republic soon became very strong - much stronger than it had been after the war. Germany was starting to be trusted by other European countries.Since Stresseman's leadership was very strong, other parties in the Reichstag managed to work together, where in the past years, the parties were very separated.-- What were the...

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