Citizenship has evolved extensively in the United Kingdom both as a political and as a legal concept. In a basic sense, citizenship can be explained as “being a member of a particular community or state” bringing with it rights and responsibilities such as paying taxes, right of abode and to vote etc. (Citizenship Foundation, 2006). The UK being a part of the European Union (EU) however makes British citizens automatic citizens of the EU as stated under the terms of the Maastricht Treaty (1993) and vice versa.
Nonetheless, in an era of financial crisis and fear of terrorism, there is ongoing debate about the benefits and costs that comes with this automatic EU citizenship and currently a significant political issue in the UK.
. Facts, Commentary and Analysis (the body - here, you state your findings, make comments on your observations and analyse all your findings about the subject)
The freedom of movement of people is a fundamental right guaranteed to EU citizens in line with its treaties, “realised through the area of freedom, security and justice without internal borders” (Summaries of EU legislation, n.d). This feature of the EU has made it easy for other EU citizens and their families to migrate easily to the UK for various reasons but recently, mainly to seek greener pastures considering the hardship that accompanied the global economic turmoil of 2007.
According to the BBC (August, 2013), figures from the Office of National Statistics showed a total of 58,000 immigrants arrived in the UK from countries that joined the EU since 2004 in the year to September, 2012. A separate report also showed the number of Romanians and Bulgarians working in the UK rose by a quarter in the three months to August, 2013, up nearly 26% from 112,000 to 141,000 compared to the previous three months. Aside immigration from within the EU, the UK also seems the favourite destination for immigrants from outside the EU. The afore mentioned ONS report according to the BBC indicates 97,000 immigrants from the New Commonwealth countries came to the UK in the 12 months to December, 2012.
These developments coupled with rampant terrorist activities in the UK and other parts of the world, quite recently Kenya, the financial crisis of 2007...