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Why I Am Not A Christian

1723 words - 7 pages

Jason Bianchi 6e 28/09/2001 Essay on Bertrand Russel's ''Why I am not a Christian'' I will go through every main section in Russel's speech; giving a brief summary to every section , and will then give my comments and opinions each.At the beginning of Russel's speech, he tries to define the word 'Christian' and its meaning nowadays. It has quite a vague meaning in these times compared to years ago. A good definition might be 'A person who lives a good life', but this implies that all people who are not Christians are not trying to live a good life. A Christian is therefore is one who believes in Christ, in God and in an afterlife.I fully agree with Russel's definition of the word Christian, although we have various types of Christians (Evangelical, Anglican, and Catholic), and their beliefs are not identical.THE EXISTANCE OF GOD.To the question of whether God really exists or not, Russell tries to go through a number of different arguments which prove God's existence, and each one in turn, he tries to tackle them and give his opinion.THE FIRST-CAUSE ARGUMENT.This argument states that every thing in the world has a cause, and if we go back cause by cause we eventually come to God being the creator of everything. This seems quite a logical reasoning, but when Russell came across the phrase 'Who made God?' that immediately hindered his acceptance of the first-cause theory. This is the phrase that states all the fallacy in this argument.My comments to this argument are that if we want to believe in a divine being such as God, and believe in his existence, then we cannot look at it in the same way that we view practical and scientific things, where the law of cause is appropriate. For Christians, the main thing that helps them to believe in God is through faith (strong belief and trust), which breaks the law of the first cause. The Bible says ''God was, is, and always will be.'' THE NATURAL LAW ARGUMENT.The second argument Russell talks about is the argument of design. He says that all of the natural laws on this earth could have been issued by a divine being and if so, he cannot understand why God issued only these laws and not any others, why he issued these laws and what is their purpose. If you say that God did it for his own pleasure, then there is something which is not a subject to law and therefore the train natural law is broken, and if there is a reason for the laws God gave, then God himself was a subject to law.If we try to approach this argument with the cause and effect argument in our mind, then obviously we cannot understand God's divine thoughts and reasoning, because it is not for us to question. God can have a particular reason for issuing some laws instead of others, which is beyond our understanding.THE ARGUMENT FROM DESIGN Russell describes the world as quite a negative place, a place that has many defects, and he doesn't believe that it could have been created from an omniscient and omnipotent being. Everything in the world has...

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