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Why Immigrant Students Pursuing Higher Education In The United States Do Faces More Difficulties Than Regular Citizens?

1667 words - 7 pages

INTRODUCTION
The goal of this research is to find out why the immigrant students have to face more challenges in the level of education they achieve, the high level poverty that they face in their daily lives and all the confusing networks they have around them which they have no clue of how to utilize it. Also, the research focusses on the fewer resources immigrant students have while achieving their goals. The research question is important as it does affect all immigrant students and their respective families and not limited just to the immigrant. I am sure many families move to a different country to achieve better education and to make a brighter future for themselves and their loved ...view middle of the document...

S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.
Studying abroad allows immigrant students to meet and understand different people, experience different culture, opens up wide variety of opportunities, being independent and helping them to understand themselves better under pressure.
The moment an immigrant student leaves behind their caring families and facilities and enters the U.S., they are welcomed by lots of problems for initial adjustment. There are many factors like finding a place to live as mostly students opt for outside campus rather doming on campus, understanding the street crossing signs, finding places to eat and do groceries, etc. Overcoming the above mentioned set of difficulties doesn’t take much time, but problems like culture shock, academic difficulties, financial pressure, language learning and interaction, etc. keeps adding on and not easy to deal with. The three main problems immigrant students come across are High Level of Poverty (Financially), Get low level of education, Confusing Networks and are discussed in great detail below.

PRIOR RESEARCH AND REVIEW OF LITERATURE
HIGH LEVEL OF POVERTY (FINANCIALLY)
Suarez-Orozco. M. (2001) found that the major influence on immigrant youth development is because of the poverty. Poverty frequently co-exists as many arrive from poor origins while others experience downward mobility in the process of resettlement. A large study investigating nearly a quarter of the children of immigrant lives below the poverty line, compared to 11 percent of non-Hispanic whites (Ainslie, R. 1998).
On the contrary, other researcher (Abrego Leisy J. 2010) considered Latino immigrant youth facing notable financial barriers. Most undocumented youth end up in de facto segregated areas of dense poverty (Chavez, 1998). Also, racial derogation and limited opportunities have historically concentrated poverty in black and Latino communities, subjecting structural effects and poverty (Waters, 1999).
GET LOW LEVEL OF EDUCATION
Culture shock is the first hurdle international student experiences when they arrive and try to merge into the U.S. culture. It basically refers to adapting themselves into a new culture which logically is too complex to explain. When international students have to live within a different social environment which is unknown to them and different, they go through a mixed feeling of confusion, uncertainty, surprise, disorientation and so on. At a local campus, co-cultural classmates may be thinly dispersed. Immigrant students need to find other points of connection, such as sports and recreational activities, on which to construct links. A major cause in successful adjustment, defined by Borland and Pearce (2002), seems to be the amount of communication and social backing between regular and immigrant students (Smart, Volet, & Ang, 2000). This is related with lower stress levels (Redman & Bunyi, 1993) and adds to psychological, social and academic adaptation (Searle &...

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