Why More Research Must Be Done On Autoimmune Diseases

2872 words - 11 pages

Cancer affects up to 9 million Americans, heart disease affects up to 22 million, and about 23.5 million Americans are affected by autoimmune disease (Living with Type 1 Diabetes, 2013). While all three of these illnesses contribute as the leading causes of death in the nation, cancer and heart disease have facilitated more research and recognition as significant “diseases” than autoimmunity has. Autoimmune diseases range in nearly 80 different disorders and specialists are yet to find treatment, let alone clear causes, for it. In our human body, we have the immune system, which uses innate and adaptive body defenses that fight off infections to maintain the body’s healthy living each day. Autoimmune diseases exist to do the exact opposite. This happens because the immune system mistakenly attacks itself and destroys healthy cells and tissues that are necessary for everyday healthy living. Autoimmune illnesses run in families, which makes a person’s genetic make up a pool to receive any of the 80 different types of disorders. Surprisingly enough, causes for this crucial disease is still something scientists are not completely aware of. While autoimmune diseases are not yet curable, patients can only be slightly treated by being on life-long medication. Given the advanced technology our world swims in today, if more research is done on causes of autoimmunity, then more solutions to prevent them can be supposed today.
What is autoimmunity?
Autoimmune diseases are a household of over 80 chronic, debilitating, and life-threatening disorders. They are among the 10 leading causes of death and disability in America (Dugdale, 2014). The immune system’s fundamental role is to tell the difference between self and nonself: what’s you and what’s foreign. An underlying defect in the immune system causes the body to make autoantibodies that attack its own organs and tissues (Goldmuntz & Penn, 2012). While some diseases are extremely rare, autoimmune diseases collectively affect 14.7 to 23.5 million people in this country today (Notkins & Lernmark, 2014). The reasons why these diseases are happening are still unknown, yet its prevalence is rising. Type I diabetes is a type of autoimmune disease that permanently destroys beta cells in the pancreas, cells in which helps insulin to be produced. Insulin is a protein that helps glucose enter target cells from the bloodstream. If insulin is not being made then glucose accumulates in the blood and this then raises problems of high blood sugar in human bodies.
Who does it affect?
Autoimmunity is categorized as a leading cause of disability because of its ability to affect anyone at any age. However, some people are at greater risk than others. A person is easily put at a higher risk if an autoimmune disease runs in the family. Inheriting certain genes can make a body much more prone to catching autoimmunity. Other people at risk include living in harmful environments of too much sunlight exposure, or people of...

Find Another Essay On Why More Research Must Be Done on Autoimmune Diseases

For my paper I have done research on Tony hawks

708 words - 3 pages For my paper I have done research on Tony hawks pro-skater Special meter always full Pause the game, then hold L1 and press Triangle, Right, Up, Square, Triangle, Right, Up, Square, Triangle to always have a full special meter. If you entered the code correctly, the pause screen will shake. Alternately, complete all the goals in the game and get gold medals in all three competitions in career mode with Rune Clifberg. -From: Ednarvaezsr@aol.com

Nigeria - why is it under-developed and what can be done to improve its situation?

1323 words - 5 pages Nigeria - why is it under-developed and what can be done to improve its situation?IntroductionNigeria is a country in West Africa, next to Niger, Chad, Benin, Cameroon and the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria has a size that is about four times as big as the size of the United Kingdom, and has a population of more than 100 million people. The environment in Nigeria differs a great deal in the different parts of the country. The coastline consists of sand

Education: Why kids should be more grateful to receive one

769 words - 3 pages Essay written by Amy MarkwartEducation: Why kids should be more grateful to receive one. Kids' first reaction to the word school is BORING! School is a ten month death trap that us children are forced to report to year after year. The only reason we survive is because of the two months of summer vacation at the very end, but even that isn't long enough! Sound like you? If it does that keep on reading, cause this is for you. Throughout this essay

Analysis: Must I Be Carried To The Sky On Flowered

1370 words - 5 pages about the "deeper meaning" of a certain piece of literature, the only way you could really have a wrong and right is if the author was sitting right next to you saying flat out, "This is what I mean by this passage, and nothing else." However, this is rarely the case. Such is the dilemma with "Must I Be Carried to the Sky on Flowered Beds of Ease?" As with everything else ever written, from Shakespeare to stereo instructions, it's all

Population must be number one on the Philippine government's checklist

2091 words - 8 pages Population, poverty, and education have formed complex cause-and-effect relationships in the past few years. Issues involving these three components continue to be the root of all debates here in the Philippines. Issues were raised regarding which component the government must focus more to stabilize the economic status of the Philippines. This is what the first part of the paper seeks, to show that population must be number one on government's

"Parking At The REC Center" Teacher Comments: Work On Justification Part Of Paper. Grad: 80% Paper About Why Parking Should Be More Regulated At The Gym

1190 words - 5 pages very likely to get a ticket for doing this. I believe the people who should be receiving the tickets are those who park in the REC parking lot while not using the facility.As the year goes on and people start becoming more lazy and tired of walking, I think that this problem gets even worse. The REC parking lot is closer to the Living Learning Center (LLC) and even the tower, which are two of the places to live on campus. I think that many of the

Why Biomedical Research on Animals is Needed

694 words - 3 pages annual budget on animal research. Even though animal testing is very helpful to humans and themselves, its a huge amount of money to spend on to do different procedures. In conclusion, biomedical research should be done on animals because we share like genes, survival rates have increased and also animals themselves benefit from it. Animals and humans are very similar which means we have the same organ systems performing the same tasks in more or

Why do dying people and their carers find uncertainty difficult and what could be done to help?

1880 words - 8 pages access information on diseases and illness. Formal carers, because they are recognised, have access to a wide range of information and receive support from organisations with regard to the condition. So therefore, we would assume that it is likely that an informal carer, such as a young girl caring for her mother who has a terminal condition, would find living with uncertainty more difficult. Informal carers or family members can also feel angry

Why animals should be used in biomedical research

559 words - 2 pages systems. They can be easily compared to one another making it easy to practice crucial procedures and create vaccines on animals before it is practiced on human patients. Animals and humans are also both susceptible to the same diseases; the animal's shorter lifespan allows the researchers to study the animal throughout their entire lives.Most Americans today can live in good health for at least seventy years. Back in 1900 the average life

The Effects of Fast Food on the Body: Why Active Police Officers Must Remain in Shape

2321 words - 9 pages The Effects of Fast Food on the Body: Why Active Police officers must remain in shape. Many Americans have consumed fast food at least once in their lifetime, whether it is McDonalds or Taco Bell, Chipotle or Subway. Fast food can often times be the only readily available alternative food source in the busy everyday lives of the average American citizen. According to the Pew Research Center, on a daily basis 50 million Americans are served in

Every Incoming College Freshman Should and Must Be Educated On and Vaccinated For Bacterial Meningitis

1331 words - 5 pages friend's advice this student sees a doctor hoping that it is nothing too serious. Within a few days hospital physicians insist this student have loved ones come right away because the condition is becoming more critical by the hour. This college student has bacterial meningitis, also called meningococcal meningitis, a disease that every incoming college freshman should and must be educated on and vaccinated for.It is important to know the, who, what

Similar Essays

Hotel Rwanda Why Wasn't More Done?

757 words - 3 pages Seeing the horrifying, emotionally stirring reenactments of the 1994 Rwandan genocide in "Hotel Rwanda", it is hard for us as individuals to imagine anyone who could sit there and do next to nothing about it, especially the elite nations of the world. However, very little help was administered to Rwanda, which leaves a question begging to be answered: Why didn't people help more? Those on the right wing of the political spectrum would be

Human Population Are At Risk From Outbreaks Of New Diseases Are There Reasons Why Modern Humans Might Be More Prone To Infectious Disease Epidemic

1234 words - 5 pages Human population are at risk from outbreaks of new diseases Are there reasons why modern humans might be more prone to infectious disease epidemics, and where do these come from? According to WHO (World Health Organisation) 2004 approximately 75% of new emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic (i.e. derive from animals). WHO (2011) also listed HIV/AIDS, as one of the main causes of death in the past decade. We are more prone to infectious

Why Teachers Should Be Paid More

838 words - 3 pages salary for a teacher is $46,142. On a national average the starting salary for a teacher is $36,141. Why do we pay the people who teach our children to be who they are so little? They work way over the average 40 hours a week. They work at school and also at home. They always have to take work home with them, and they don't even get paid for all the extra work they do!Lastly I will explain why I think teachers should be paid more. I want to start

Logging On Public Land Must Be Restricted

2192 words - 9 pages higher quality groups, also known as stands, of trees. But since World War II, the primary goal of rangers and forest managers dubbed "timber beasts" has been to get national forest timber cut, sold and hauled out as quickly as possible (Drablle) There are many problems with this view on forest management. Timber that is needed to support the demand for high quality lumber is no longer easily accessible. Roads must be built to get to the high quality