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Why Revolt? : Causes Of The American Revolution

1151 words - 5 pages

Fighting. Loss. Victory. Freedom. A war that would determine the fate of a new nation. A nation that we call home. The American Revolution, America’s separation from Great Britain. The Treaty of Paris brought forth the freedom that has become part of the America dream, ending the war in 1783 and officially declaring the colonies free. No one event can be pinpointed as the official and actual cause of the war. It began as a major disagreement over how the colonies were being treated and how they believed they deserved to be treated. Did Americans own all the rights of the British? This conflict will forever be remembered in one of the rallying cries of the American Revolution: No Taxation Without Representation. Although taxation was the most well known of the causes of the war, it is not the only one. The three main causes of the American Revolutionary War are taxation, distance, and The French and Indian War.
Contrary to popular belief, the Revolutionary War did not start as the result of high taxes. The Stamp Act introduced taxes that were actually quite low and fair as far as taxes go. The problem was that the Americans had already managed their own taxes and were offended by Parliaments enactment of the tax without first consulting them as they had previously done. The Townshend Acts similarly taxed many other commodities, including tea. After the colonists of Boston protested with what became known as The Boston Tea Party (which was about taxation without representation, not high taxes as most believe), the Intolerable Acts were set in to keep the rowdy Bostonians in their place. These acts and taxes only enraged the colonists more, especially the northern colonies. The southern colonies were not as affected by the taxes on commodities, because their economy was based on agriculture instead of trade. They were, however, particularly upset about the Proclamation of 1763, which barred the British Americans from expanding west of the Appalachians. Their economy required a lot of land to grow the crops, but Parliament limited their expansion in hopes of appeasing the Native Americans. So, it wasn’t that the Americans were angry over the taxes being high, just that they didn’t have a say in them.
Another major issue that caused the war was the distance and separation of Britain and America. The distance of the colonies and their mother country created an independence that was hard to overcome. Those who came to colonize the new world generally had a strong independent streak, desiring new opportunities and more freedom. The 3000-mile Atlantic Ocean that stretched between the British isles and the American colonies proved to be a burden for Britain. It kept them from effectively managing, supplying, and communicating with its “children”. As a result, the people who lived in the eighteenth century America were not the same as those who had migrated from England in the seventeenth century. They thought of themselves as being from a different...

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