Why Slavery Prospered In The South But Not In The North

1216 words - 5 pages

Slavery prospered more in the South than in the North. Many have wondered why this occurred. This happened for several reasons. To begin with, the South needed additional workers to operate their farms and plantations. Another reason they had slaves was to increase the size of their military force. Last but not least, they didn’t feel that African Americans were entitled to human rights. Based on these items, the Northerners did not share the same view on slavery as the Southerners did. Most of the population in the North did not condone slavery. This was partially because they did not have the same agricultural needs. In addition to this, they felt that all races deserved to be treated equally.
The Southerners viewed slavery as a luxury and a necessity. Financial gain was one of the reasons slavery was tremendously popular. Slaves were required to work in various places for little or no money. Therefore, this helped the slave owners achieve their goal of increasing their profits because they did not have to pay for labor costs. With lower labor costs, the Southerners had more disposable income. This extra money allowed them to pay their taxes, to buy more land, and to even possibly purchase more slaves.
The Northerners were extremely aggravated with the Southerners’ position on slavery. Not only did they disagree that the Southerners did not have to pay the people who worked for them, but they also violated the African Americans’ human rights. People in the North didn’t rely on slavery. They were independent and their work force did not require outside labor. Two main occupations in the North included working in factories and mills. The Northerners were able to do these jobs themselves. If there had been more agricultural jobs in the North, perhaps they would have considered ways to increase their work force. However, slavery probably never would have been an option because they considered it a violation of human rights.
The North’s economy was not agriculturally based. However, it was the South’s main source of income. The majority of their jobs were farm related. The South’s main cash crops were tobacco and cotton. These two crops along with many others were grown on large plantations. These plantations required an extreme amount of people to operate them. For this reason, the South used slaves to fulfill this need. Slavery provided them an inexpensive way to increase their work force. More workers allowed them to farm a larger quantity of land. As a result of this, they had a larger profit than they otherwise would have.
The Southerners used slaves for many different types of work. Many of the jobs they were required to do were in the farming industry. The slaves that worked on plantations in the South were called field hands. Their job was to plant and pick cotton. They worked from sunrise to sunset. Out of all the different jobs slaves were required to do, field hands definitely worked the longest hours. It was generally the most...

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