This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why Stalin Built The Iron Curtain

1009 words - 4 pages

Why Stalin Built The Iron Curtain

The Iron Curtain was the term used in the West to refer to the
boundary line, which divided Europe into to separate areas of
political influence. This was set up from the end of World War Two
until the end of the Cold War. During this period, Eastern Europe was
under control and influence of the Soviet Union (USSR,) where as
Western Europe enjoyed freedom. It was a border set up by Joseph
Stalin, the ruler of the USSR in the years after the Second World War.
The term the "Iron Curtain," was first introduced in Winston
Churchill's long speech, "an Iron curtain has descended across the
continent," on March 5th, 1946. Churchill's speech triggered Stalin to
tighten the Iron Curtain.

Stalin had various reasons for setting up the Iron Curtain. He assumed
he had the right to control Eastern Europe, and that the West would
control Western Europe. This is why he set up the boundary in the
following year.

During 1944 the Allies (Britain, USA and USSR) got on fairly well with
each other. Yet there was still a lot of distrust, both sides were so
completely different. The USA believed that the Soviets wanted to
expand communism across the globe. They were concerned that having
beaten Germany, they were now going to get a new dictatorship.

In 1945, Stalin was anxious to build a buffer zone, against any more
German invasions. Stalin did not trust the West, Britain and USA
because he remembered they had invaded Russia in 1919 and had ignored
Stalin's appeal for a second front. Stalin was convinced they wanted
the USSR to destroy itself when fighting with Germany.

At the end of the war, the Allies met at Yalta and later Potsdam.
Although there was an agreement that Germany and Berlin would be
divided into four zones and they would take joint actions, however
disagreement soon broke out at Potsdam.

Roosevelt and Stalin had got on well but at Potsdam the new USA
leader, President Harry Truman had adopted a policy of "get tough" on
Stalin and Russia. Disagreements had taken place over a range of
issues. The USSR did not keep its promise about holding free elections
in Eastern Europe. The USA also dropped the atom bomb on Japan without
consulting the USSR. Stalin was very irritated that Truman did not
tell the USSR about the atomic bomb until the last minute. This
created a belief in the USSR that the bombs had been dropped as a
warning to the Russians.

In 1946, Britain and the USA agreed to unite their zones in Germany

Find Another Essay On Why Stalin Built The Iron Curtain

Why Stalin Emerged as the Sole Leader of the U.S.S.R. and Not Trotsky

754 words - 3 pages Why Stalin Emerged as the Sole Leader of the U.S.S.R. and Not Trotsky Trotsky was a leading Bolshevik and played a pivotal role in the revolution, persuading Lenin to delay the revolution until the Bolshevik’s had a much stronger place in the country. He also was crucial to the civil war, as he organised the troops and motivated them. Stalin on the other hand was in charge of all the dull jobs within the Bolshevik party

Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as the leader of the USSR after Lenin's death?

1732 words - 7 pages ' verses the 'right'. And lastly I will look at the effects of luck which played in his victory.'Trotsky could fire masses of men to acclaim and follow him. But he had no talent for leadership among equals' (Carr)This is a key factor of why Stalin had become dictator. Trotsky's weaknesses lead directly to his own downfall and his underestimation of Stalin is also a key part of Trotsky's arrogant nature. Trotsky was not scared to speak his mind and his

Why Stalin Was Able to Hold on to Power in the Soviet Union

1017 words - 4 pages Why Stalin Was Able to Hold on to Power in the Soviet Union Stalin was ruthless in order to stay in power, there are many reasons that helped him hold on to his position. Through the Purges Stalin was able to eliminate or clear out all opposition within the party. Anyone who threatened his position, or disagreed with some of his policies, was purged. They were purged in great Show Trails, in order for

Why Stalin was Able to Win the Power Struggle with Trotsky

2213 words - 9 pages Why Stalin was Able to Win the Power Struggle with Trotsky The Bolsheviks, the ruling party of the Soviet Union, was lead by the Lenin. When Lenin died in January of 1924, he left behind no clear successor, and vague indications of his intended plans for the Bolshevik party. A power struggle for control of the party ensued, one in which many historical figures arose. Within this plethora of names, two of the most important names in Soviet

The following are equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold onto power in the Soviet Union:

1493 words - 6 pages The following are equally important reasons why Stalin was able to hold onto power in the Soviet Union: The purges and show trials The secret police Propaganda and the cult of personality Stalin’s economic policies. Explain how far you agree with this statement. Stalin used to methods to hold onto power in the Soviet Union these were fear / coercion and persuasion / consent. If people were not

Why did Stalin take power and not Trotsky? The power struggle between the Bolshevik after Lenin's death

1306 words - 5 pages Why did Stalin take power and not Trotsky?In 1921 Lenin died and a power struggle emerged upon the top members of the Bolshevik party to take over as leader of the Bolshevik party no knowing that in doing so will eventually get themselves exiled out of Russia or Killed by a man largely underestimated and never thought to go to the extremes he did.Lenin had been ill for some time and it was obvious he was not going to live for much longer after

Why was the mill built at Styal?

566 words - 2 pages Quarry bank mill was built in 1784 by Samuel Greg. Greg was born in Belfast and was one of 13 children. His parents: Thomas and Elizabeth Greg were both merchants. He was adopted by his uncle, Robert Hyde when he was a child and went with him to live in Manchester. When his uncle died is 1782 he left over £26,000 to Greg. This money gave Greg the chance to build the mill so he did. He had learned about cotton spinning from his uncle and he

Why the Cold War developed by 1949

861 words - 3 pages By 1949, the Cold War had developed in many ways since 1945. The most significant factor to the development of the Cold War since the end of World War II, was the building of the Iron Curtain in 1946 which divided the communists countries of Eastern Europe from the non-communist countries of the West and considerably contributed to the hostilities between the West and the USSR. Other reasons why Cold War had developed by was because of the

Final Essay

895 words - 4 pages didn’t approve of the marshall plan and IMF. Later stalin built something like a buffer for invading countries and capitalism and this so called iron curtain divided communist + capitalist countrys east and western europe . The red army fought mostof ww2 and took on nearly all of germanys troops.and after the loss in resources and man power soviets still pushed germans from moscow to berlin and end their front of the war . Truman ends his front

A single factor as the one most responsible for the origins of the cold war

2408 words - 10 pages fear through the western world, "causing the 'iron curtain' to fall even further". The United Nations had its hands tied, because there were 'free' elections (the candidates were all communist) and there was no proof of Russian involvement. While it cannot be proved that Stalin ordered the coup, the signals were clear that he had. Stalin had likely encouraged the coup, and it was not coincidental that Russian troops in Austria were moved up to the

Did the USSR directly start the Cold War?

1661 words - 7 pages realized that they would benefit from a strong Germany while the USSR was bent to make it weak. They wanted to keep it crippled so that they would never be able to attack the Soviets again. The first important disagreement between the East and the West was over the reunification of Germany. Communications between the two sides virtually ceased to exist as an "iron curtain" descended between them.The only reason why the West became allies with the

Similar Essays

Why Did Stalin Carry Out The Purges?

857 words - 3 pages Why did stalin carry out the purges?Stain's position as leader was under threat in 1934. There had been many calls for his removal, and many Communists wanted to build better relations with people. Stalin, for his part, was convinced that he was the only person who could transform the Soviet Union into a modern, industrialised country, and that it had to be done quickly. He was obsessed by the idea that Hitler would attack the USSR and that it

Why Did Stalin Win The Struggle For Power, 1924 1929?

1623 words - 6 pages Lenin's wife asked Stalin why he was only allowed five minutes of dictating to a writer per day, Stalin reacted and abused Lenin's wife. Not knowing whether to tell Lenin, fearing it may trigger off a final stroke, Lenin's wife did tell him and an addition was written in 1924 before Lenin died. This included the final words that would have killed off any chance of Stalin becoming the successor of Lenin. After finding out about the one-sided argument

Why Did Stalin Launch The Great Terror, 1936 38?

1614 words - 6 pages launched the Mass Purge and the Gulag. The seventh was that Stalin wanted to create an atmosphere of fear and he also wanted cheap slave labour so he launched the Mass Purge. The last and eighth reason was that the secret policewere enthusiastic and needed to keep up momentum so Stalin introduced the Mass Purge.These reasons can be put in order of importance. The fundamental reason as to why Stalin wanted to launch the Great Terror was because he

Persuasive Essay ~ Why The Three Gorges Dam In China Should Not Be Built

922 words - 4 pages Dear Ambassador Yang Jiechi,I strongly think that you would not benefit from the construction of the Three Gorges Dam. I think this for three reasons. If the dam breaks, your people will be in unimaginable danger, you will suffer food shortages, and historical sites will be lost. The reasons not to build the dam far outweigh the reasons to build it. I hope you will listen to what I have to say.One reason why the dam shouldn't be built is that if