Why Stalin Emerged as the Sole Leader of the U.S.S.R. and Not Trotsky
Trotsky was a leading Bolshevik and played a pivotal role in the
revolution, persuading Lenin to delay the revolution until the
Bolshevik’s had a much stronger place in the country. He also was
crucial to the civil war, as he organised the troops and motivated
them. Stalin on the other hand was in charge of all the dull jobs
within the Bolshevik party and In Lenin’s last Testament, he was
referred to as rude and he needed to be removed. So why did Stalin,
and not Trotsky emerge as Lenin’s successor. It’s a mixture of
Stalin’s luck and skill, and Trotsky’s misfortune, which will be
explained in the following paragraphs.
Stalin had a good run of luck following Lenin’s death, as firstly
Lenin’s testament was published, which stated he was rude, and needed
to be removed. It wasn’t published because it criticised other leading
party members. Also Trotsky couldn’t attend Lenin’s funeral, which
gave Stalin the chance to name himself “Lenin’s disciple” this was a
big misfortune on Trotsky’s part.
There was also the power struggle. In this there were 4 main factors
that Stalin manipulated. These Were:
· The N.E.P.
· Socialism In One Country/ permanent Revolution
· His Power Base
Factionalism was the Idea that if a member of the party discusses
ideas which did not have the majority vote by the party.
There were 2 main Ideas about the N.E.P. , these were the left wing
and the right wing. The left wing said it should go and the right wing
said it should stay as it would aid Industrialisation, as it allowed
free trade to sell goods on the open market which would give money
into the open market.
Stalin’s powerbase was due to him being the general secretary, who was
in charge of recruiting people, so when the Lenin...