Why The Civil War Started? Essay

723 words - 3 pages

For a long time, historians have been unable to come to an agreement to why the Civil War started and whether or not it was repressible or irrepressible. Northern and Southern writers had different opinions as to why the war occurred. To most Northern writers, the war occurred because of the unlawful plan of slave owners who were committed to a not liable institution. The North defended the Constitution and was against the immoral aggression of the south. The North clearly defended the Union. However, the Southern writers on the other hand tried to show their views on why the Civil War started by portraying the North as the aggressive ones who wanted to destroy the South and all of its institutions. The south insisted that slavery was not the main cause of the war but instead was the aggressive and unconstitutional acts of the North. The south claimed the North used its powers for political and economic gain and denied that the war had stemmed from differences over slavery. The north’s domineering attitude toward the south was the main cause for their hostilities. They defended this statement by Lincoln and the Republican Party’s actions in 1860 and 1861 which forced the South to defend the Constitution and its rights. This is the main reason why the South refused to use the term “Civil War” but instead used the term “The War Between The States” which justified states rights.
Nationalist Historians agreed that the Civil war was an irrepressible conflict. Some historian argues that the conflict between the North and The South were because of sectional differences, one of which was slavery. As Edward Channing stated, the south was based on the production of staple agricultural crops by slave labor while the north was bottomed on agricultural, mechanical, and commercial employments which were all carried under the wage system. These two diverse forms of society could not live peacefully with one form of government side by side. One must disappear or both must secure equality. James Ford Rhodes, like many northerners believed that slavery was the basic cause of the war. Rhodes rejected the souths claims and argued that the south...

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