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Why The Germans Lost And Why It Took The Allies So Long To Win

1307 words - 5 pages

Why the Germans Lost and why It took the Allies so Long to winThe World War II began with Germany's attack on Poland in 1939 and ended with the attack on Japan's Hiroshima in 1945 with the atomic bomb. A number of battles were fought during these six years which led to success of the Allies and defeat of the Axis Powers. There are a number of causes of Germany's defeat in the World War II. Among these causes are some of very wrong decisions of Hitler which he took only because of his extreme overconfidence. Many writers are of the view that not accepting failure in Russia was Hitler's mistake. Hitler's big fault was that he believed in complete domination and complete destruction.The reason behind why it took the Allies so long to win the war was the late entry of United States in the war. When the war started, the US had maintained a neutral stance but as Japan stroked its Pearl Harbor on Dec 7, 1941, it decided to join forces of Allies. The German reaction to the troubles Britain posed was not to reconsider fundamental assumptions, but instead to reject there was a problem. Given his ideological approaches, Hitler's focus almost instantly after the defeat of France had turned to the Soviet Union. But the military's command had moved in that direction even faster than Hitler.It was early July 1940 when German military commanders planned the invasion of the Soviet Union. The commanders who took part in the planning included army's commander in chief Field Marshal Walther von Brauchitsch and chief of staff General Franz Halder. They gave it the name Operation Barbarossa. According to Stolfi, "Hitler conceived the invasion of the Soviet Union as a complete surprise, out of peace into war overwhelming strength, obsessed by the ambitious national socialists goal to colonize large areas of European Russia" (Stolfi, 1993). Given the Luftwaffe's focus on continental war, it is not surprising that its chief of staff, General Hans Jeschonnek, would comment upon the invasion of the Soviet Union, "At last, a proper war!" (Gitelman, 1997).Underlying the Barbarossa plan was the German leader's ideological crusade to overcome the Jewish-Bolshevist state and implement the racial cleansing of Europe. From the beginning of the invasion, regular army personnel vigorously and enthusiastically cooperated in the carnage of Jews and other undesirables along with Russia's educated people. Hitler's political endeavor was to create a population of slaves to do their German conquerors' bidding. As an order of the day, Panzer Group 4 commanding General Erich Hoeppner stated: "The objective of this battle must be the demolition of present-day Russia and must therefore be conducted with unprecedented severity …. In particular, no adherents of the contemporary Russian Bolshevik system are to be spared." (Forster, 1981). But that German approach only served to devastate all possibility of politically undermining the Soviet Union's rulers, as had occurred in World War I....

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