Why the Labour Party Won the Election in 1945
The Labour Party won the general election in 1945, with Clement Attlee
returning as Prime Minister. The state of play was that Labour has won
314 seats, the Conservatives 294.
Socialism was not widely recognised until 1945. The majority of people
were almost frightened by it. This was because Russia was a socialist
state, promoting communism. When Russia proved to be a reliable alley
during the war, socialism became less strange and was more approved
of. The middle class citizens now started to vote socialism, they saw
it as respectable. This therefore increased to amount of votes for
After the war, there was a mood for social change. This was because
soldiers who came home from serving in the War came back to
unemployment. They were promised a land fit for hero’s but instead
came back to a depression. The 1930’s depression caused poverty in
Britain and many citizens lost their job and became unemployed, the
British public did not want to have go through this again. This caused
for a change in government to see what a different party would offer
the nation, to improve its chances of recovering now the war was over.
The labour slogan was “Let us face to the future”, this slogan
prompted forward thinking.
Labour promoted the welfare state; this was made by written in the
Beveridge report and labour made it specific in its manifesto. This
meant families could receive the Allowances Act which would provide a
regular sum for second and subsequent children to be paid to the
mother. The National Health Service Act in order to provide a free and
fully comprehensive health service. The National Insurance Act with
compulsory contributions to cover unemployment, sickness, maternity,
widows, old age benefits, and funeral grants. Labours opponents the
Conservatives, did not convince the British public they would carry
out the welfare state. This therefore lead to a lack of disbelieve in
the Conservative party and more support for the Labour party.
The labour polices had proved them self’s in the coalition government
and gained support. They had run the home front polices and help the
British public survive during the war. During the war healthy eating
came in due to the rationing. This was run by the Clement Atlee. Fatty
food and sugars well cut out and cigarettes were also rationed. This
sort of control during the war made the idea of...