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Why The Millennium Development Goals Are Not Realistic.’

2202 words - 9 pages

The Millennium Development Goals are eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of United Nations in 2000. All 189 United Nations member states at the time and at least 23 international organizations committed to help achieve the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The aim of the Millennium Development Goals is to encourage economic and social development in all countries, particularly less-economically developed countries. As of today, progress towards the goals has been uneven. Meanwhile, some countries, such as Brazil, have achieved many goals, while others, such as Benin, are not on track to achieving any. Accordingly, the majority of ...view middle of the document...

On the contrary, poverty remains prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa. There are still 1.2 billion people in the world living in extreme poverty. In sub-Saharan Africa, almost half the population live on $1.25 per day. In fact, this particular region is the only region that encountered a growth in the number of living in extreme poverty, from 290 million in 1990 to 414 million in 2010. Furthermore, the World Bank projects that, by 2015, about 970 million people will still be living on less than $1.25 a day in countries classified as low- or middle-income in 1990. With this, the aforementioned point that it is not possible that the goal will be achieved by 2015 is justified.

Furthermore, with the rapidly rising food prices, it could mean that the majority of people are worse off, despite being above the UN poverty threshold. The world food prices are 36% above levels of a year ago, and a further 10% rise would push 10 million more below the extreme poverty line of $1.25 a day. Even though China and India will probably end up achieving the goal, the growing imbalance between food and resources will likely ensure that millions are still going hungry each day. Today, the issue of imbalance in the distribution of food remains. In many MEDCs, such as the United States, people are malnourished because they are over-consuming food or eating unhealthily, and this majorly contrasts with LEDCs, where people will remain undernourished, especially in countries such as Somalia where human and physical factors, such as famines, pose a threat to food production. In 2011, tens of thousands of people died after what was said to be East Africa’s worst drought for 60 years. Moreover, globally, an estimated 101 million children under age five were underweight in 2011. The number of underweight children in 2011 fell by 36 per cent from an

estimated 159 million children in 1990. However, this rate of progress is inadequate to meet the Millennium Development Goal of halving the proportion of people who suffer form hunger by 2015. To reinstate the previous notion of the fact that the fifteen years given for the world to achieve the goals is much too short, it has been stated that African economies must grow at approximately 7% per year in order to half the number of people living below the poverty line. Only seven out of 153 countries accomplished this in the preceding 15 years. Of those seven, only two were African: Botswana and Equatorial Guinea. Therefore, this goal, for certain, is one that is unlikely to be achieved by all nations by 2015. It is not entirely unattainable, purely more time is required and more efforts in order to prevent Sub-Saharan Africa in particular from going backwards and declining even further.

Universal primary education is Millennium Development Goal number two. In fact, LEDCs have made impressive progress when it comes to expanding access to primary education, with the adjusted net enrollment rate increasing from 83 per cent in 2000 to 90...

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