Why The U.S. Withdrew Its Forces From Vietnam In 1973

4838 words - 19 pages

Why the U.S. Withdrew Its Forces from Vietnam in 1973

After an 8-year involvement in Vietnam, the US finally withdrew its
forces from Vietnam to end one of the most controversial wars in
American history, which had lasted from 1965-1973. This all started
when, not long after the Second World War, and more recently the Cuban
Missile Crisis, over which American and Russia, the world’s two
superpowers, came frighteningly close to a nuclear war, a communist
uprising saw tension with the capitalist regime in Vietnam escalating
beyond the control of the Geneva Agreement. At this point, the
Americans were in a difficult position as Ngo Dinh Diem, South
Vietnamese PM, although supported by the USA due to his capitalist
ideas, was disliked greatly by both the communists in North Vietnam
and the Vietminh sympathisers in the South because he refused to allow
free elections and used oppressive methods to crush those he believed
to be his opponents, in an attempt to eradicate communism from South
Vietnam. The widespread corruption of his regime, however, caused many
people to turn against him and soon, after the communist leader of
North Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh restarted a guerrilla campaign to take
control of the uncooperative South Vietnam, America gradually became
increasingly involved, as they tried to ensure that the spread of
communism in the East progressed no further. These were the stems of
the conflict, which spanned 8 years, caused much hardship and
destruction, and eventually led to the withdrawal of American forces
from Vietnam in 1973.

I feel that there were many factors which attributed to the US
withdrawing its troops in 1973, one of these being the tactics which
the American forces employed to overcome those who opposed them in
Vietnam. The US forces were accustomed to fighting in a conventional
way, as they had done on the battlefields of Europe during the Second
World War, and had recently been trained for a westwardly advancing
Russian Army. Therefore they would struggle hugely on the
unpredictable Vietnamese terrain, which consisted of deep valleys,
mountains, sharp ridges and an impenetrable jungle canopy. The climate
only worsened matters for the US troops as it rained continuously,
turning the red earth to a sticky clay, and forcing the men to endure
great strains as they shuffled through ankle-deep mud. There were
treacherous water plains, swamps and mud flats, all of which the
soldiers had to fight through, as well as their enemies. The struggle
through the heat and rain was unbearable for the troops, who were
drenched with sweat and attacked by insects and leeches as they padded
through the flooded paddy fields. The Americans could not operate
their machinery, and therefore the technological advantage held by the
Americans was eliminated from the equation. The...

Find Another Essay On Why the U.S. Withdrew Its Forces from Vietnam in 1973

Why America Withdrew from Vietnam Essay

2491 words - 10 pages Why America Withdrew from Vietnam There are many reasons why America decided to withdraw from Vietnam in 1973. This essay is to investigate and analyse the possible factors/events that led to the withdrawal, the long-term events shall be explored first then the short term. One of the many long-term factors leading to the withdrawal was the failure of the U.S troops trying to win the 'hearts and minds' of the Vietnamese

Explain why opposition to the Vietnam War increased from 1967-1973?

1738 words - 7 pages The anti-war movements and other types of opposition to the Vietnam War increased from 1967 to 1973 significantly due to numerous reasons. These reasons consist of the horrifying media coverage, student activism and veteran protests, the My Lai Massacre on March 16th 1968 and its court-martial trial held in November 1970 , the Tet Offensive and the type of war the American soldiers were experiencing in Vietnam. All these causes apply but some

Why did the U.S get involved in Vietnam in the 1950's and 1960's ?

600 words - 2 pages South Vietnam). So Ngo Dinh Diem was 'elected' president of South Vietnam as he was a strong enemy of Communism, the U.S government hoped to make Diem a puppet, in which the Communist North would be taken over by the south with help from the U.S, though Diem took advantage of the U.S help by not responding to their wishes.The next American presidents, Kennedy and Johnson also believed in the 'Domino Theory'. and both wanted to appear tough on

Why U.S. must stay its course in Iraq

802 words - 3 pages to the September 11th attacks, and if history repeats itself and the U.S. did nothing about these attacks or would have pulled out of Iraq after the War on Terror had already begun, we would have just added fuel to the fire, making all terrorist groups stronger. It is necessary for the United States to stay its course in Iraq. If America pulls out now, we lose and the Iraqi people will lose. People expect the U.S. to be able to go over to Iraq and clean up Saddam Hussein's mess, which took him 34 years to create in just a year, it can't be done. America needs to take its time and do it right. Democracy must be brought to Iraq, because what is the alternative?

Why did the United States Withdraw From the Vietnam War?

1510 words - 6 pages Why did the United States Withdraw From the Vietnam War? The United States withdrew from the Vietnam War for several reasons. The Army had to fight in unfamiliar territory, was lacking in moral, were not prepared for the conditions, could not shut down the Ho Chi Minh Trail, and were untrained to respond to guerilla warfare. This combination of disadvantages and the loss of public support led to the United States withdrawing from Vietnam. The

To what extent was the U.S. failure in Vietnam predictable

1910 words - 8 pages assess their usefullness for the investigation. The investigation will partially focus on the course of the Vietnam War and how North Vietnam and the Viet Cong were an example of the U.S. army`s weakness in a foreign territory. Furthermore, the American policy of attrition will be analysed. The topic was chosen because of its impact on American foreign affairs in the 20th century. B. Summary of Evidence • Vietnam War occurred between December

Why the US lost in Vietnam.

1497 words - 6 pages going to fall.South Vietnam was almost completely dependent on US aid. After an armistice was reached, the U.S. pulled its troops out of South Vietnam in 1973. This left South Vietnam crippled. The majority of the war took place in the country sides which forced millions of people to move into the city for cover. Vietnam was an agriculture country and they primarily produced rice; two thirds of their workforce works in rice paddies. Since all the

Why did the French loose the war in Vietnam?

1960 words - 8 pages of Europe carving up the world in the mid 1800's, France now looked to Vietnam as an extension of its Empire. A successful invasion of Vietnam in 1859 gave the french control over Saigon. The invasion was in response to the murder of French Catholics, and looked to be for a time a just cause. However it was just a cover story for the French to settle in and eventually rape Vietnam of it’s raw materials and its culture. Thus from 1861 to the birth

Why did the United States lose in Vietnam?

1612 words - 7 pages three years which is just over three and a half days of jail time per murder. It is understandable why the population did not trust the Americans as they were seen as warmongering in a peaceful country and showed that the United States would protect their own soldiers even if they had committed such crimes. Holding support from the population is crucial in any war and this is a fundamental reason for the United States losing in Vietnam; this is

The Tactics Used by the U.S and the N.L.F in the Vietnam War

2069 words - 8 pages , during the Napalm attacks, graphic images and videos were sent back home to the U.S showing how America had killed innocent civilians and destroyed thousands of homes. An example of this is a video, which shows a set of children running from a Napalm attack with Napalm itself attacking their bodies. The children are crying and are obviously in extreme pain. The American reporters, as well as the communists in Vietnam, knew

The British withdrew from Ireland with great speed and remarkably little bloodshed.

2041 words - 8 pages of British withdrawal substantially. Alternatively one could argue that Britain has yet to complete its withdrawal from Ireland thus attributing the decades of violence in Northern Ireland to this withdrawal process. For the purpose of this essay I have taken the view that the process of withdrawal began with William Gladstone's premiership during which the first practical steps were taking by any British government towards ending British rule

Similar Essays

Why The U.S. Withdrew Its Forces From Vietnam In 1973

1455 words - 6 pages Why the U.S. Withdrew Its Forces from Vietnam in 1973 The USA’s involvement in Vietnam started in 1954, for a few reasons. Firstly, the Americans were, as always, concerned with the spread of communism. They wanted to stop communism spreading through south-east Asia. They were worried that if one country were to fall to a communist leader, so would neighbouring countries. This was known as the Domino Theory. These

Why The United States Withdrew Its Forces From Vietnam In 1973

2702 words - 11 pages Why the United States Withdrew Its Forces from Vietnam in 1973 The Vietnam War pitted America against Communism and was a classic example of Cold War conflict. Before the Second World War Vietnam was part of the French Empire but during the war the country had been overrun by the Japanese. In 1945 a man named Ho Chi Minh declared independence for Vietnam after the Japanese retreated, however, this was faced by French

Explain Why The Americans Withdraw Its Forces From Vietnam In 1973?

1475 words - 6 pages Explain why the Americans withdraw its forces from Vietnam in 1973?The USA, with Nixon as there president at the time, withdraw from the war in Vietnam in 1973 even with them having the highly developed weapons at their disposal. There were many reasons in the hidden weakness of the Americans and in the surprising strengths of their opponents. Guerrilla warfare and the failure to win the "Hearts and Minds" of the people in the US and in South

The Reasons Behind United States' Withdrawal Of Forces From Vietnam In 1973

1984 words - 8 pages enquiry was demanded. Lieutenant Calley was given a life sentence but only served three years. Americans saw the My Lai images as well and were further appalled. There are a number of arguments as to why the USA withdrew its forces from Vietnam. Some could argue that it was because the Vietcong had a good chance of beating the US. They had more effective tactics and the war was in their country so they were familiar