This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why The United States Withdrew Its Forces From Vietnam In 1973

2702 words - 11 pages

Why the United States Withdrew Its Forces from Vietnam in 1973

The Vietnam War pitted America against Communism and was a classic
example of Cold War conflict.

Before the Second World War Vietnam was part of the French Empire but
during the war the country had been overrun by the Japanese. In 1945 a
man named Ho Chi Minh declared independence for Vietnam after the
Japanese retreated, however, this was faced by French opposition.
After the French were defeated in 1954, Vietnam was split in two along
the 17th parallel of latitude. The North was Communist, led by Ho Chi
Minh and the South was Capitalist, under Ngo Dinh Diem. Diem was a
fanatical Catholic and as communism hated religion, Diem hated all
that communism stood for. This is why he got America’s support and one
of the reasons why America got involved with Vietnam. Diem’s rule was
in the era of the Domino Theory and anyone who was anti-communist in
the Far East was far more likely to receive American backing. The
Domino Theory was the creation of America’s Secretary of State and he
believed that if one country was allowed to fall to communism, the
country next to it would be the next to tumble just as when one domino
falls, the rest go with it if they are connected. In the view of
America, the thought of Vietnam starting the process of turning to
communism and then spreading it was unacceptable.

The party of Ho Chi Minh was called the Viet Minh and by 1956 they
were becoming more active militarily. Their guerrillas – now called
the Viet Cong – attacked soft targets in the South and began to mount
attacks on rural areas. However, to be successful, the Vietcong (VC)
needed to ensure that the local people accepted their presence, so
they made an effort to get to know local people. They treated them
with respect and to pay their way, the Vietcong worked in fields.
However, when this didn’t work, the Vietcong turned to torture and

The Vietcong stood little chance against the superior weaponry of the
US, so they avoided major face-to-face confrontations and established
guerrilla tactics. They used a network of paths that was named the Ho
Chi Minh Trail. This trail was roughly a 1000 mile trail along the
border, situated along dense jungle terrain so that detection form the
air was very difficult. It could sometimes be hazardous due to bombing
and jets but the trail was essential for the movement of supplies and
fighters. The Vietcong also built a network of underground tunnels
through which they moved and lived, undetected. Some of the tunnels
housed sleeping quarters, storage and suchlike. Most tunnels were also
booby-trapped to fool the American soldiers who discovered them. An
example of a method of the Vietcong is the mines they used, named
“Bouncing Bellies”. These were on springs and when tripped, they...

Find Another Essay On Why the United States Withdrew Its Forces from Vietnam in 1973

Why America Withdrew from Vietnam Essay

2491 words - 10 pages Why America Withdrew from Vietnam There are many reasons why America decided to withdraw from Vietnam in 1973. This essay is to investigate and analyse the possible factors/events that led to the withdrawal, the long-term events shall be explored first then the short term. One of the many long-term factors leading to the withdrawal was the failure of the U.S troops trying to win the 'hearts and minds' of the Vietnamese

Why did the United States Withdraw From the Vietnam War?

1510 words - 6 pages Why did the United States Withdraw From the Vietnam War? The United States withdrew from the Vietnam War for several reasons. The Army had to fight in unfamiliar territory, was lacking in moral, were not prepared for the conditions, could not shut down the Ho Chi Minh Trail, and were untrained to respond to guerilla warfare. This combination of disadvantages and the loss of public support led to the United States withdrawing from Vietnam. The

Why did the United States lose in Vietnam?

1612 words - 7 pages three years which is just over three and a half days of jail time per murder. It is understandable why the population did not trust the Americans as they were seen as warmongering in a peaceful country and showed that the United States would protect their own soldiers even if they had committed such crimes. Holding support from the population is crucial in any war and this is a fundamental reason for the United States losing in Vietnam; this is

United States' Withdrawal From Vietnam

1740 words - 7 pages United States' Withdrawal From Vietnam America went to war in Vietnam with an aim of destroying the Vietcong to protect South Vietnam from Communism. America was against communism and they wanted to stop the spread of it. They did not achieve what they set out to do as they had many boundaries in their way. Events both inside and outside of Vietnam led to the withdrawal of American troops from Vietnam. I am going to be

Why was the United States Army forced to Withdraw from Vietnam?

1589 words - 6 pages the Vietcong, used to win the war, and force the US army to withdraw. In 1969, when Richard Nixon became the new president, he started working on removing the troops from Vietnam. In 1973, there was finally an end in the peace talks that was held in Paris and the United States army backed off. There are also many flaws of the US army to end up losing the war. The major factors are the tactics of each country, popular support from their home

Explain why opposition to the Vietnam War increased from 1967-1973?

1738 words - 7 pages The anti-war movements and other types of opposition to the Vietnam War increased from 1967 to 1973 significantly due to numerous reasons. These reasons consist of the horrifying media coverage, student activism and veteran protests, the My Lai Massacre on March 16th 1968 and its court-martial trial held in November 1970 , the Tet Offensive and the type of war the American soldiers were experiencing in Vietnam. All these causes apply but some

United States' Involvement in the Vietnam War

1173 words - 5 pages the south under Ngo Dinh Diem. The Vietminh forces would withdraw from the south and the French would pull out of the north. And lastly, a date for the elections was fixed for July 1956. The United States were getting really concerned about the elections and whether communism (Ho Chi Minh) or capitalist (Ngo Dinh Diem) would win. A touch of corruption in the Diem government sparked a flame that would send US troops into

The United States' Involvement in Vietnam

1878 words - 8 pages The United States' Involvement in Vietnam Vietnam is a country in South-East Asia and was a part of the old French colony known as Indo-China. During the Second World War Vietnam was captured by the Japanese from the French and a Vietnamese resistance organisation was formed, they were called the Vietminh. The leader was Ho Chi Minh who was a devout communist. After the Second World War had ended, France was part of the

Why the United States Became Increasingly Involved in the War in Vietnam

4823 words - 19 pages Why the United States Became Increasingly Involved in the War in Vietnam In the years after the Second World War, it became necessary for the Allies to decide the future of the French colony, Indochina, when the Japanese who had been occupying the country, surrendered. Prior to the Second World War, the French had ruled over the regions of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The French ruling was unpopular, forcing ideas of

Exploring the Reasons for United States' Withdrawal from Vietnam

1860 words - 7 pages Exploring the Reasons for United States' Withdrawal from Vietnam America withdrew its last troops from Vietnam in 1973 but troop numbers were being reduced since 1969 after the election of President Nixon on a pledge of "Peace with honour". Eight years earlier in 1965 president Johnson had committed the nation to war with general support from the population who had come to fear communism. America was committed to

Why did the United States get involved in the Vietnam War?

2473 words - 10 pages and sea forces were sent. Up until now, the U.S. had refrained from direct combat. This is when the United States formally entered the Vietnam War.In his 1964 run for the presidency, Johnson had said that he would not be sending Americans to do the fighting that the Vietnamese should be doing, but in 1965 he believed he had good reason for doing so. He characterized his policy as liberating South Vietnam from communism, and he said nothing about

Similar Essays

Why The U.S. Withdrew Its Forces From Vietnam In 1973

1455 words - 6 pages reasons for joining the war in Vietnam and the fact that the United States did not want to appear weak were the main reasons that the USA withdrew forces from Vietnam so late, as it took from 1968 when peace talks were made with North Vietnam until 1973 when the majority of soldiers had been withdrawn from Vietnam. There were many reasons for the USA withdrawing its forces from Vietnam: the tactics of the two armies, the

Why The U.S. Withdrew Its Forces From Vietnam In 1973

4838 words - 19 pages Why the U.S. Withdrew Its Forces from Vietnam in 1973 After an 8-year involvement in Vietnam, the US finally withdrew its forces from Vietnam to end one of the most controversial wars in American history, which had lasted from 1965-1973. This all started when, not long after the Second World War, and more recently the Cuban Missile Crisis, over which American and Russia, the world’s two superpowers, came frighteningly

The Reasons Behind United States' Withdrawal Of Forces From Vietnam In 1973

1984 words - 8 pages The Reasons Behind United States' Withdrawal of Forces From Vietnam in 1973 When Nixon was elected President, he promised that he would end the war. In, 1973, President Nixon and Henry Kissinger negotiated a cease-fire and all the American soldiers left Vietnam. I will be discussing why Nixon ended the war and explaining the tactics used by both sides and the

Explain Why The Americans Withdraw Its Forces From Vietnam In 1973?

1475 words - 6 pages Explain why the Americans withdraw its forces from Vietnam in 1973?The USA, with Nixon as there president at the time, withdraw from the war in Vietnam in 1973 even with them having the highly developed weapons at their disposal. There were many reasons in the hidden weakness of the Americans and in the surprising strengths of their opponents. Guerrilla warfare and the failure to win the "Hearts and Minds" of the people in the US and in South