Why Was 1763 a Turning Point in American History?
1763 was largely a turning point in American history because of its impact towards both colonists and British royalty’s view of each other, and also because it would lead to events in the 1770’s which would ultimately lead to the American Revolution. 1763 marked the end of the French-Indian War where Britain with help from colonists would find itself victorious. However, France and Britain were deep in debt, and as such wanted to limit spending and increase income. Britain thought that colonial contributions were weak, and accused them of laziness, being inept, and trading goods with the enemy. They would eventually choose to impose new acts on the colonies, upsetting colonists, and eventually creating a tension between the two peoples.
Geographically, Britain would claim French land up to the Mississippi River. (DOC A) Many of the colonists who received land grants expected to be able to settle on these lands, however the Proclamation Line of 1763 prevented them settling anywhere past the Appalachians. This was both to keep control of the colonies and to protect them from hostile natives who were upset by settlers interrupting their livelihoods. (DOC B) These attacks would require British army assistance, increasing the debt. Through all of this, Britain would still retain the colonies’ land and continued to make a meager income for them.
Politically, Britain continued to be the authority of the colonies. Many enjoyed staying under Britain’s rule, men such as George Washington were ecstatic at the idea of fighting under British commanders (DOC C) Though many began to become upset, because they liked British rule, separating from them at the time was an insane idea. Continuing, however, Britain, because of their new swathes of land, would begin to enforce stricter rules and more direct management, including the Quartering Act, where colonists protested to the point where it was removed. This is because Britain began to feel the expenses of the colonies was much too steep compared to its income, and blamed connivance and neglect. (DOC F) They decided that intervention was the best way to solve this problem and increase revenue. This would mark the end of over 100 years of salutary neglect where Britain had shied away from intervening in colonial government, including not enforcing the Navigation Acts. Colonists had been left to self govern themselves, and when the imperial authority began to assert its power, these essentially sovereign colonies did not like it as they had become accustomed to the idea of self-control. As Britain...