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Why Was The Parthenon Dedicated To Athena?

701 words - 3 pages

The Parthenon was an amazing and important temple. Dedicated to Athena, the goddess of war and wisdom, it was a very important temple to the Greeks. Greeks worshiped all of their gods by building temples for them and giving sacrifices. Most of the sacrifices were sacred tiles designed especially for the gods, not many were human.

What was the Parthenon?
Dedicated to Athena Parthenos (Athena the virgin) goddess of war and wisdom. Every god and goddess had worship temples to assure everything went well and nothing bad happened. Greeks gave sacrifices too, such as food, messages, and sacred tiles were all sacrifices they gave. The Parthenon was built in 480 BC but got destroyed while under construction in a battle between the Romans and Greeks. The Parthenon was rebuilt in 447 BC, with the original statue that first stood in 480 BC. ("The Parthenon Frieze." The Parthenon Frieze. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.)

Who was Athena?
Athena was the goddess of war and wisdom. Daughter of Zeus and Metis, but born from only Zeus. Gaea the Earth goddess told Zeus that his child would usurp him just like he done with his own father. To prevent any such thing from happening, Zeus swallowed his wife Metis. He had splitting headaches afterwards and called on his godly friend Hephaestus to help, he split his head open using an ax to have the goddess spring forth, fully armored and grown. ("Athena Parthenos." Athena Parthenos. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.)

Athena was a very important goddess, she was the patron goddess of Athens after a long fight with Poseidon over who ruled. Athena wanted more than anything to be the patron goddess of Athens, but so did Poseidon. To figure out who would be patron, the Athenians asked them to prove their worth by bringing a gift to Athens. Athena brought a olive tree which could provide food, wood and air. Poseidon thought to outdo her by bringing a stream but he is the sea god, so the water was salty and did not satisfy the...

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