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Why Was There So Much Migration From Europe To America In The 19th Century?

884 words - 4 pages

This essay will address the reasons as to why there was mass migration to the United States of America during the nineteenth century. As for this topic, the reasons for the mass migration was due to industrialisation and employment and living standards, and thus many migrants traveled to America with the hope of a better life. By saying that the reasons for the mass migration are primarily due to industrialisation and employment and living standards, it is important to emphasize that the migrants’ destination of America was better than remaining in their origin country. With all of this considered, this essay will examine the roles of industrialisation and employment and living standard in ...view middle of the document...

For example, in 1870, the Danish wage rose from thirty-five to fifty-seven percent, in America, whilst, in a similar sense, Ireland, Belgium, and the Netherlands also received a sizable convergence (Hatton, Williamson 1998, pg.35). In the strict sense of money, it was wise to travel to America because America offered better wages and more employment, as “the foreign employment rate had a coefficient larger than that of the wage ratio or the home employment rate (Hatton, Williamson 1998, pg. 66).” For example, in this time, Ireland failed to industrialize, which meant that, “Irish manufacturing lost its competitive edge, industrial job creation faltered, and the market got even smaller (Hatton, Williamson 1998, pg. 178), ” all of which meant that remaining in Ireland would make for a tougher life than a life in America.
Moreover, as stated in, Why Did Europeans Emigrate, “wage gaps will not suffice to explain emigration by themselves (Hatton, Williamson 1998, pg. 36),” and thus the other variables of employment and living standards were important. More specifically, it can be understood that many migrants came to America for a better life because, “historical events---like famines and revolutions were likely to have a potent influence on emigration (Hatton, Williamson 1998, pg.14).” For instance, due to the famine in Ireland, many Irish emigrants traveled to America and, in this context, those who migrated to America were in search of fertile land because of the crop failure in Ireland, as well as a better environment to live in, as so many people, in Ireland, were dying due to the famine outbreak. Therefore, this explains that for a better life people migrated to...

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