Why Was Unemployment Such A Persistent Problem In Britain During The Inter War Years?

1995 words - 8 pages

Why was unemployment such a persistent problem in Britain during the inter war years?Unemployment was an important feature after the First World War and a conditioning influence on the economy and society. The inter-war years saw Britain fail to recapture its control over markets that it had dominated once before through its staple industries and saw USA and Germany become leading international producers. Alongside misguided international and domestic policies, unemployment was an important feature of Britain during the inter-war period.The Armistice of late 1918 was followed by a short re-stocking boom. For eighteen months after the war, industrial output expanded as export markets boomed and consumer's at home capitalised on this, making up for their wartime shortages. By the autumn of 1920 this boom had spent it self and the trends that had become apparent before 1914 began to re-assert themselves. They did so, however in the context of a world economy which now differed in some important respects from the pre-war one.Britain's international trading position had deteriorated sharply. Fundamental to Britain's economic development leading to 1914 was the staple industries - coal, iron and steel, cotton, woollen textiles and major branches of engineering, mainly shipbuilding, After the war, these industries fell into deep depression damaging the British economy, mostly due to the reliance of the British economy on exporting these goods.In the coal mining industry the period between the wars saw the industry suffer drastically from seriously declining markets. Electricity was now beginning to compete effectively with coal both in the home and the factory, although much of the electricity was made from coal, it used fuel more economically. Furthermore, the governments of some foreign coal producing countries subsided their exports so that they were able to oust British coal from continental markets.Unemployment in the industry grew, from 6.9% of the miners in 1924 to 28.3 % in 1930. The attempt of the Samuel Commission of 1925-6 to solve the problems of the coal industry led to a disastrous result for the miners. The Mining Act of 1926, which resulted from the recommendations of the Samuel Commission, conceded much to the mine owners and little to the miners. The Labour government of 1929-31 made a more determined effort to restore fortunes of the industry. The Coal Mines Act of 1930 introduced schemes for restricting output, minimising prices and compulsory amalgamations, this achieved little, coal output fell from 244 million tons in 1930 to 207 million tons in 1933.Like the coal industry, the cotton industry reached its peak in 1914. After the First World War it began a decline, which has continued unhindered ever since. There are many reasons for this failure, but by far the most important is the decline of the export market. The most serious loss was the Indian market, in 1913 India bought 3,000 million yards of British cotton cloth (40% pf...

Find Another Essay On Why was unemployment such a persistent problem in Britain during the inter war years?

Unemployment in Britain Essay

1875 words - 8 pages Continuing high levels of unemployment was a major issue of concern in Britain during the interwar period of 1918 to 1939, and an issue which triggered a political commitment to full employment that lasted until the mid 1970’s. Despite an immediate post-war economic boom in 1918, the rate of unemployment throughout the period reached as high as 17.0 per cent (nearly three million people) and never fell below 7.4 per cent (M.E.F. Jones

Why was there such a large number of witch trails in the 17th Century?

1704 words - 7 pages witchcraft was treated and then looks more deeply into its roots and background. It looks at issues like, why after the civil war did witchcraft become such a big thing. To do this growth of the press, village life, and religious change leading to an increasingly suspicious society are all valid points to consider.England in the 17th century had a fragile social state, with most sorts of class systems abolished or just lost due to the civil war, making

Why was the Great Reform Act passed in Britain 1832?

793 words - 3 pages and working classes, and splitting the alliance that had been formed between the two classes.There was great pressure from the working class. The National Union of the Working Classes was founded by William Lovett and Henry Hetherington. They would campaign for the right to be represented in Parliament. The working class made up most of the population of Britain at the time, but were considered insignificant, and were not involved in politics or

The Secret War in Laos: Why was it a Secret?

2262 words - 10 pages in secrecy”. About 40 years after the war, Vang Pao was charged with conspiring to violate the Neutrality Act, however, “the charges filed against Vang Pao are the same criminal acts exercised by the US…Vang Pao is the product of US policies. Now US policies will condemn him for his alleged actions. Only in America does the culprit have the audacity to blame the instrument for a crime…such hypocrisy” (Jones, 2007). The information was kept hidden

Opium War: Was Britain completely in the wrong?

811 words - 3 pages The British were wrong by taking the option of trading opium because by trading opium, they would be jeopardising the wellbeing of an entire country. But they only did it because the Chinese were refusing to trade, so therefore it is only partially Britains fault.The "Opium War" also known as the Anglo-Chinese war began in 1839. It started as a conflict over trading between Britain and China. China was refusing to trade because they didn't need

Critical Look at Britain in the Years Following World War II

1418 words - 6 pages In the wake of World War II, a weakened Britain emerged and was faced with many changing realities. Given the rise in post-colonial literature after the war, many historians, such as Ronald Hyam, focus on the nation’s declining imperial power as colonialism was attacked around the world. Others, such as John Callaghan, share a similar idea, but focus on the importance of Britain’s relation to the United States of America (US), and how the US

Spain's Pre-War Years, speaks of why the years before the Spanish Civil War of 1936 so confusing and unstable, resulting in the need for a totalitarian leader?

2811 words - 11 pages rule themselves, and their need for a totalitarian leader.The Coming of ChangeEver since Napoleon's takeover in 1808 and the War of Independence in 1814, Spain has been divided between liberals and conservatives, revolutionaries and reactionaries, or more generally, the left and the right wings. The 19th Century was one of great upheaval for Spain, and politics during most of that time usually involved struggles between two kinds of people: those

Why did the number of people migrating to Britain increase during the three decades following the Second World War?

989 words - 4 pages few years because during the war, thousands of men and women from the Caribbean had been recruited to serve in the armed forces and by 1961 there were almost 172,000 West-2-Indians in Britain. The word went around that people were taking passengers to Britain and it was common knowledge to them that Britain had good jobs to offer just after the war. Some teenagers from Jamaicafelt that their land was too small and moving to Britain was a good

Why was catholic emancipation such a big issue?

543 words - 2 pages Why was catholic emancipation such a big issue?In Ireland there had been a long period of hostility and injustice towards Catholicism, the Church of England was funded by taxes which had to be paid by non-Angelicans, for instance non-conformists or Catholics and up until 1829 Catholics were not allowed to vote, sit in parliament or serve public office. The Corporation Act (1661) and the Test Act (1672) had imposed religious tests on all public

Why Star Wars was such a Ground Breaking Movie

2207 words - 9 pages Why Star Wars was such a Ground Breaking Movie There are many reason for ‘Star Wars’ being such a ground breaking movie. ‘Star Wars’ is a science fiction film, a science fiction includes new world and civilisations that are discovered and aliens are featured in a lot of science fiction films, the setting of the films are usually set in the future and where the world is in danger. There are some characters that are

Why Slavery had such a big impact on the casue of the Civil War

921 words - 4 pages , forcing people out of their homes and off their farms. Falling prices impaired agriculture and manufacturing, triggering widespread unemployment. All regions of the country were impacted and prosperity did not return until 1824. This panic kept America economically down for years. It was, in a way, a depression.There was also issue of the Nullification Crisis. This protective tariff was passed by Congress and signed into law by Jackson in 1832

Similar Essays

How Significant A Problem Was Unemployment In The Inter War Years In Britain?

1078 words - 4 pages How significant a problem was unemployment in the inter war years in Britain?The First World War had a massive impact on Britain's economy. The outdated economic models in place were not sufficient to sustain a blow of such magnitude. Not only this but the empire that formed such a pillar to that economy began to diminish. Consequently the economy was left in ruins. Between 1914 and 1938 the amount of cotton processed in Britain fell by 66%. The

What Caused The High Level Of Unemployment In The Interwar Period In Britain? Could The Government Have Done More To Cure The Problem?

1446 words - 6 pages The interwar period from 1919 to 1939 was a time of turmoil and hardship throughout Britain. The first world war tested the economy at a time when Britain's economic strength continued to decline in the face of other emerging powers such as the USA and Germany. Unemployment was rife throughout this period, remaining above 10% for over fifteen years.Generally seen as one of the major factors was structural unemployment, which came about largely

"Nothing Can Be More Misleading Than To Apply Such A Concept To The Discussion Between Germans And Jews During The Last 200 Years." Gershom Scholem. Analysis

2845 words - 11 pages “I deny that there has been such a German-Jewish dialogue in any genuine sense whatsoever, i.e. as a historical phenomenon. It takes two to have a dialogue, who listen to each other, who are prepared to perceive the other as what he is and represents and to respond to him. Nothing can be more misleading than to apply such a concept to the discussion between Germans and Jews during the last 200 years.”Gershom ScholemDiscuss this in

Assess How Propaganda/Censorship Was Used In Britain And Germany During Wwi.

1199 words - 5 pages As the war raged on, the civilian population, or the home front became continually more involved not only In terms of production, but also for the basis of moral support for the war. Because of this greater involvement, it became clear that it was not only important to mobilise the troops on the home front, but also at home, through a means of propaganda.Within Britain and Germany there were clear examples of propaganda and censorship, working