This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Why Were Castles Built In Europe?

1378 words - 6 pages

Norman castles were built from the 11th to 13th centuries. Castles were brought to Britain by William the Conqueror, when he invaded England from his homeland in France. Known as the Duke of Normandy, William invaded England in 1066 and, due to his victory in the Battle of Hastings, William was crowned the King of England, and became King William I. One of the most powerful ways for William to take control of his new kingdom, which included England, Scotland and Wales, was to have castles built throughout the land.At first, he ordered the construction of very simple castles, called motte and bailey castles. They consisted of an earthen mound, called a motte, topped by a tower (first built of wood, and soon rebuilt in stone to make the towers sturdier). The bailey was a large area of land enclosed by a shorter mound, placed next to the motte. Inside the bailey were the main activities of the castle (workshops, stables and livestock, household activities, etc.), while the tower on the motte was used as the lord's residence and as an observation post. These earth and wood castles were not very sturdy, because the wood would rot fairly quickly and was easy for an enemy to burn. So, William the king ordered the construction of stone castles. Stone castles were much sturdier, did not rot like wood, and also were much more able to withstand any attack by an invader. Over the centuries after William was king, other kings ordered elaborate castles to be built. Castles were not just used by the king. Most castles, in fact, were granted by a king to their most loyal subjects, knights or barons who fought valiantly in battle and supported their king. The king, starting with William the Conqueror, gave his loyal knights vast estates and permission to build castles. In return, he expected these men (most of whom were given the titles of earl or lord) to control their lands as the king's representative, to keep the local population from rebelling, and to force them to work and pay rent to the lord (who then passed it onto the king). Many of the people who lived in Britain before it was conquered did not like being controlled by the king's barons, and wanted to keep control of their own lands themselves. But that was not possible, because William and later kings (and queens) demanded they pay homage.Therefore, castles were built to establish the power of the king and his followers, and to keep the people from regaining control of their own lands. These first knights and barons, followers of William the Conqueror, were known as the Normans, and were a very powerful lot. They built castles almost everywhere in Britain, hundreds of which still survive. Stone castles were built for stability and to symbolize the power of the lords of the kingdom. Even if the king did not order a particular castle to be built for his use, he still retained the ability to seize any of his lords' castles if they displeased him or if the king had a special reason to want to use it. The...

Find Another Essay On Why were Castles built in Europe?

Why War Broke Out in Europe in 1939

2533 words - 10 pages Why War Broke Out in Europe in 1939 When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1939, he was not at all secretive about his plans for Germany. He had four main aims, which were: - Abolish the Treaty of Versailles - Expand German territory - Defeat communism - The creation of One Reich He, like many others, believed the Treaty of Versailles was unjust and planned to abolish it. He called the German

Why did tension increase in Europe from 1900 to 1014?

1035 words - 4 pages Why did tension increase in Europe from 1900 to 1014?There are various factors that amplified the tensions in Europe from 1900 to 1914. A few of the major factors were International rivalry, the arms race, colonialism and the Crisis's of Morocco and Bosnia. These factors, alongside numerous others contributed to fuelling the First World War.International rivalry was, debatably, the biggest factor that caused the First World War. As the European

Why were there two revolutions in Russia in 1917?

2520 words - 10 pages communist state.Obviously, the revolutions were closely linked and the second one could not have existed without the first one. The essence of the revolutions was found in various events and causes, which had sometimes happened decades earlier.Russia in 1917In 1917, Russia was the largest and the most populated country of Europe. However, it was out of date and ruled by a tsarist regime. All the institutions that supported this monarchy (the Church

The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were witness to several intellectual revolutions in Europe

1451 words - 6 pages The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were witness to several intellectual revolutions in Europe. Thinkers during this time were influenced by the likes of Newton, Bacon and Descartes of the Scientific Revolution. These scientific thinkers had managed to discover several laws of nature that seemed to regulate the way in which the universe functioned. Inspired by these developments, Enlightenment thinkers of the eighteenth century attempted to

Absolutism. The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were an era in which absolutism dominated the political systems of Europe

761 words - 3 pages The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were an era in which absolutism dominated the political systems of Europe. I strongly agree to this assessment. The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were hard times in Europe. The Reformation produced a trail of conflict and difficulty as the implications of Reformation thought began to be imagined in areas outside of religion. In the latter half of the 1600's, monarchial systems of both England and

Exploring Why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got More Serious Between 1960 and 1964

2318 words - 9 pages Exploring Why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got More Serious Between 1960 and 1964 Introduction The term "Cold War" is broadly described as a state of permanent hostility between two powers which never erupts into armed confrontation or "hot war". Current historiography recognises the term "Cold War" as the conflict between the United States of America and Union of Soviet Union from 1945 until 1989. The Cold War is

Why did the 1919 Paris peace settlement not provide a durable peace in Europe

1547 words - 6 pages Why did the 1919 Paris settlement not provide a durable peace in Europe? The First World War, was without a doubt one of the most tragic events in the history of people. It was fought on a scale, and at a cost in human suffering, unparalleled in the history of man kind. Countries from every continent, including most of those in Europe, had taken part. Whole populations had been marshalled to serve their countries war efforts1. All these came

Did Science and Magic Become Incompatible in Early Modern Europe? If So Why?

1561 words - 6 pages Traditionally historians have argued that there was a direct rivalry between science and magic, but science and magic were not incompatible and arguably largely merged. It is natural for historians of science, with an inherent belief in the strength science, to describe the path of science as one of success and overcoming of rivals. In this way science has often been portrayed as the victor over magic, with this seen as a victory for reason over

Why was there so much migration from Europe to America in the 19th century?

884 words - 4 pages competitive edge, industrial job creation faltered, and the market got even smaller (Hatton, Williamson 1998, pg. 178), ” all of which meant that remaining in Ireland would make for a tougher life than a life in America. Moreover, as stated in, Why Did Europeans Emigrate, “wage gaps will not suffice to explain emigration by themselves (Hatton, Williamson 1998, pg. 36),” and thus the other variables of employment and living standards were important

Why were there two revolutions in Russia in the year 1917?

1057 words - 4 pages The year 1917 saw Russia partake in two revolutions; each played a significantly important role in the progression of world history. The first revolution in February overthrew the monarchy. It was commonly known as the 'February Revolution'. The February Revolution involved a series of uprisings by workers and peasants throughout the country and by soldiers, who were predominantly of peasant origin, in the Russian army. Councils known as

Why were the Habsburgs unable to consolidate their power in Hungary during this period?

2092 words - 8 pages in protecting Royal Hungary. They set up a large string of forts and castles to protect the region, but invested almost no time in attempting to push their own boundaries eastward. For the majority of the time they were focusing on the Italian Wars which went on until 1559. In these wars, the Habsburgs attempted to gain control of northern Italy in a struggle between the Imperial Habsburgs, the Papacy, France, Florence, Venice, the Ottomans and

Similar Essays

This Report Is About Ancient Egyptian Pyramids And How They Were Built. Also Includes Information On Why They Were Built. Title: Egyptian Pyramids

814 words - 3 pages The ruins of 35 major pyramids still stand near the Nile River in Egypt. Pyramids were built as the home of the everlasting for the king, the pharaoh's Castle of Eternity. The ancient Egyptians believed in life after death. The pyramids were the homes for Egyptian royalty when they died. Inside the pyramids with the royal body, were kept precious treasures and gold so that the body would live happily in the so called "Afterlife".The reason that

Reasons Why Communism Fails In Eastern Europe

2478 words - 10 pages Communism in Eastern Europe. The reformation of Gorbachev was an excellent example to prove this. Under the rule of Lenin, there could be only one party, which was the Communist, to run the government. Opposition parties were all eliminated. This was different from Marx's originally intention to have a state rule without ruler. Lenin made himself the dictator and the Communist parties held the total power. There were no allow criticizing the

Persuasive Essay ~ Why The Three Gorges Dam In China Should Not Be Built

922 words - 4 pages Dear Ambassador Yang Jiechi,I strongly think that you would not benefit from the construction of the Three Gorges Dam. I think this for three reasons. If the dam breaks, your people will be in unimaginable danger, you will suffer food shortages, and historical sites will be lost. The reasons not to build the dam far outweigh the reasons to build it. I hope you will listen to what I have to say.One reason why the dam shouldn't be built is that if

Why Did War Break Out In Europe In 1939?

1253 words - 5 pages into Poland on 1st September 1939 using his blitzkrieg tactics. This was the final straw, Chamberlain sent Hitler an Ultimatum to withdraw troops from Poland by 11am on the 3rd September 1939 or Britain would declare war.On the 3rd September, Britain, followed by France, declared war on Germany. There were many reasons why war broke out in Europe on 1939, but the main factor was Hitler and his actions which provoked Britain and France into World War Two. Hitler killed himself in his Berlin bunker on 30 April 1945, then on May 8, 1945, Germany surrendered. Hitler's "Thousand Year Reich" had lasted a little over 12 years.