As the 19th century progressed, women were quite successful as they were able to get the civil rights such as to vote in local elections. However, some women wanted the right to vote in parliamentary elections. These women joined a campaign called the suffrage movement. I will explain all the factors of why women didn’t gain the right to vote before 1914 in this essay.
One long term reason for women not gaining the vote was the Victorian Ideal. A wife had to do everything that was told by her husband who was her protector and advisor. Women were expected to be the ‘perfect being’, which meant that women were supposed to be beautiful, intelligent and loving, but according to men, they were unable to handle political issues. Men also thought that women were too emotional, couldn’t make decisions and looked after the family but weren’t the boss like the men were.
Another long term reason of why women didn’t gain the vote was the attitudes of women. Not all women wanted to vote. Most of the upper class women didn’t want to vote as they had a luxurious life and their husbands had jobs such as landowners. The upper class women had a busy social life; such as going to parties, balls and the unmarried women were busy looking for future partners, therefore, they did not want to bother about the parliament. Most middle class women wanted to vote because they worked as nurses or teachers, unfortunately, they had to give up their job when they got married. When the middle class women got married they often felt neglected and ignored by their husbands who socialised more with their friends than them. This is why middle class wanted to vote, they wanted much more out of there lives. Most working class women worked very hard in factories and as servants and struggled to keep their families together. They also did housework and looked after their children. So I have now explained the attitudes of women and the difference in their lives to men.
The final long term factor was the attitudes of the political parties. As the political parties were in power, it was important women caught the political parties’ eye. Many Liberal MP’s were in favour of letting...