Wicca. This Is A Description Of The Pagan Religion Of Wicca.

1445 words - 6 pages

Wicca is a religion that can be found in many English-speaking countries, originally founded by the British civil servant Gerald Gardner, probably in the 1940s, although it was first openly revealed in 1954. Since its founding, various related Wiccan traditions have evolved, the original being Gardnerian Wicca, which is the name of the tradition that follows the specific beliefs and practices established by Gerald Gardner.The history of Wicca is a much debated topic. Gardner claimed that the religion was a survival of matriarchal religions of pre-historic Europe (see Völva), taught to him by a woman named Dorothy Clutterbuck. Many believe he invented it himself, following the thesis of Dr. Margaret Murray and sources such as Aradia: Gospel of the Witches by Charles Godfrey Leland, and the practices of Freemasonry and ceremonial magic; and while Clutterbuck certainly existed, historian Ronald Hutton concluded that she is unlikely to have been involved in Gardner's Craft activities. While the ritual format of Wicca is undeniably styled after late Victorian era occultism, the spiritual content is inspired by older Pagan faiths, with Buddhist and Hindu influences. Whether any historical connection to Pagan religion exists, the aspiration to emulate Pagan religion (as it was understood at the time) certainly does.The idea of primitive matriarchal religions, deriving ultimately from studies by Johann Jakob Bachofen, was popular in Gardner's day, both among academics (e.g., Erich Neumann, Margaret Murray) and amateurs such as Robert Graves. Later academics (e.g. Carl Jung and Marija Gimbutas) continued research in this area, and later still Joseph Campbell, Ashley Montagu and others highly esteemed Gimbutas's work on the matrifocal cultures of Old Europe. Both matrifocal interpretation of the archaeological record, and the foundations of criticism of such work, continue to be matters of academic debate. Some academics carry on research in this area (consider the 2003 World Congress on Matriarchal Studies). Critics argue that matriarchal societies never actually existed, and are an invention of researchers such as Margaret Murray.It is commonly understood that Wiccans worship two deities, the Goddess and the God sometimes known as the Horned God. Some traditions such as the Dianic Wiccans mainly worship the Goddess; the God plays either no role, or a diminished role, in Dianism. Many Gardnerian Wiccans do not claim to be duotheistic, but rather, may practice some form of polytheism, often with particular reference to the Celtic pantheons; they may also be animists, pantheists, agnostics or indeed any of the other spectacular range of possibilities. However, many Wiccans are 'soft polytheists,' worshipping each different god or goddess as an aspect of the True Divine Being, called The One. These Wiccans believe that The One is unknowable and undefinable, and that humans personify it in various gods and goddesses, in order to interact with it in a...

Find Another Essay On Wicca. This is a description of the Pagan religion of Wicca.

Wicca a Religion Based on Earth and Gods

1946 words - 8 pages religion. “Psalm 96: All the gods of the heathens are demons.” There is no mention of the Devil in the New Testament. Hence Christians are lead to believe to transform witches or pagans to Christianity. By the scripture, Christians are taught from promotion of fear and years of misunderstanding of Wicca, as well other pagan religions. This is how the elders of the Christian church got people to believe that Witches are bad with the thought

The History of Wicca Essay

1343 words - 5 pages . Christianity was a man-made religion that was not an immediate mass-conversion that is often suggested. In 371 the Roman Empire adopted Christianity as its religion, this meant that they killed the priests of the local religion; this included the Druids. Between 540 through 604, Pope Gregory I had churches built on the sites of pagan temples. He instructed his bishops to smash any “idols” and to sprinkle the temples with holy water and

Wicca, the Apocalypse, and the Future of the Natural World.

1667 words - 7 pages , Haviland et al. (2013) explain that there has been a resurgence of pagan religions, now referred to as neo-paganism. The most followed, according to Jorgenson and Russell (1999), is known as Wicca, and they say that most Wicca practitioners are white, Western middle class women. Arthur (2008) says that Wicca is a matriarchal, Goddess based religion, and its focus is on Earth, nature and the environment. It includes practices such as white magic and

Wicca Craft- This is a 3-4 page definition essay for Composition II.

1235 words - 5 pages Wicca or witch think of evil magic or witch. This is not completely true. Wicca Craft, also known as witchcraft, is both an ancient religion as well as a new religion that encourages its members to progress in their own way and in their own time to greater spiritual understanding. Wicca is based on reverence for nature's cycles and respect for the earth and all creatures.When I first called my Aunt to share with me once again her beliefs she began

Ceremony of Initiation for a Coven - an example of modern witchcraft, otherwise known as Wicca.

2341 words - 9 pages call upon the Hosts of the Mighty Dead; and I call every true Witch within this circle to witness that we are here to consecrate and initiate the Coven of the Golden Grove as a group of Witches who gather regularly to celebrate our faith and work magick. The circle is cast!We gather today to celebrate the birth of a new coven of Witches, who shall gather to honour the Goddess and the God, to celebrate the wheel of the year, to work magick in accord

Wicca the Complete Craft by D.J. Conway

1493 words - 6 pages would be hesitant to recommend it to a person who just wants to learn about the religion out of respect for the author. You can tell that that is not the intended use for the book and the author is very passionate and serious about Wicca, which is understandable because it is his religion. I know this would be hypocritical of me since that is the exact reason I read the book, but I feel that it would be the right thing to do. D.J. Conway did

The Truth behind Witchcraft and Wicca.

1942 words - 8 pages . "Witchcraft is a way of life, a practice, a belief system and a religion (Spring)." Witchcraft is considered an earth religion, which means being in harmony with the Earth and with all life (Covenant). People of witchcraft can be referred to as a pagan (someone who practices Earth Religions). A Witch is someone who worships the Gods and Goddesses. Witches also practice magic and follow the spiritual path of Witchcraft (Covenant). Witchcraft is

Primitive Religion, a description of ancient religion

1210 words - 5 pages Brunswich reinforces this, "An Indian, as far as religion goes, he lived his religion. He didn't have to go to church to be told just how to live. Everyday life was his religion." (Winckel, 19) An Eskimo known as Ikinilik adds, "The only thing of value in a man is the soul. That is why it is given everlasting life, either in the land of the sky or in the underworld. The soul is man's greatest power; it is the soul that makes us human, but how it does

Having viewed 'The Making of a Moonie' devise a research plan based upon Eileen Barker's methods that will address a study of the followers of the Wicca in the UK.

933 words - 4 pages membership of the Wicca in the UK and if/how this affects their status in the group.There are of course problems with this research plan, such as how I would go about gaining entry to the group. I would have to research Wicca in great depth and learn the language (terminology and slang colloquially used within the group) to a convincing standard before I could successfully gain entry. Assuming this is achieved, I would then have to exit the group in

Beowulf Lost this essay is about how we hav lost a bit of our human history due to the alteration of this originally pagan text

974 words - 4 pages a series of translations, lost numerous Pagan elements. Some may argue that the translations, having been done by monks who wished to alter the offensive Anglo-Saxon lifestyle, have given the text many unnecessary Christian references. This ancient text is an invaluable connection to our past and our culture but with these various discrepancies in religion the pure form and view of what was then a polytheist society has been destroyed.There is

The Role of Religion in Acient Pagan Society

1038 words - 4 pages Religiosity determined the everyday life of antique cultures. It was a by far more pervasive phenomenon, than this is in many modern societies the case. A strict separation from state and religion was inconceivable.Cults by public and private character were fundamentally different. The Roman cult calendar intended the national holidays and the celebrations for the individual gods. Before political or military events sacrifices were made and the

Similar Essays

Overview Of The Wicca Religion Essay

1355 words - 5 pages witnessing a vibrant, misunderstood religion. Wicca, is a religion very commonly misunderstood to be affiliated with the devil and rituals containing black magic. To the uneducated mind, this is what we think when we hear the word Wicca, or more commonly known as Witch. Defined by Margot Adler, writer for Reader’s Companion to U.S. Women’s History, “Wicca is the term commonly used to describe several different traditions of contemporary Paganism—an

Wicca, A Religion? Essay

953 words - 4 pages asked them if they knew a religion called Wicca, they would probably wonder whether that was an actual religion, or if it existed at all. Wicca is in fact a religion. Many could argue that Wicca's different practices and beliefs don't make them a religion, but it has many of the characteristics that make up a religion. Examples of this would include their social institutions, practices, and symbols. One characteristic that could define a

The Wicca Religion Essay

934 words - 4 pages Power is inside everything and everyone. It is interesting to note that Wicca incorporates the deities of many cultures, past and present. Wiccans believe that the Gods worshipped by all peoples throughout history are the equivalent expressions of similar Goddesses and Gods in many cultures. This religion has a connection to Shamanism and Animism; it has a pre-monotheistic background. There is also a strong sense of feminism; in fact the majority

All About The Religion "Wicca" Essay

1427 words - 6 pages Wicca is the religion of Witchcraft. Wicca is a Pagan mystery religion of Goddess and God. Wicca is also a Nature religion. It's roots are very ancient, its traditional and modern. It encourages free thought, artistic creativity, individuality, and personal, spiritual, and psychic growth. It is a celebration of nature, honoring mother earth, being connected with it. Wicca is the religion that uses magic in a religious framework; It uses pure