Wide Area Networking, Basics,Descriptions. Essay

924 words - 4 pages

IDE AREA NETWORKS - TYPES OF CONNECTION------------------------------------------------------------------WIDE AREA NETWORKS-TYPES OF CONNECTIONSWIDE AREA NERWORK (WAN)The term WIDE AREA NETWORK (WAN) usually refers to a network which covers a large geographical area, and use communications circuits to connect the intermediate nodes. A major factor impacting WAN design and performance is a requirement that they lease communications circuits from telephone companies or other communications carriers.Numerous WANs have been constructed, including public packet networks, large corporate networks, military networks, banking networks, stock brokerage networks, and airline reservation networks. Some WANs are very extensive, spanning the globe, but most do not provide true global coverage. Organizations supporting WANs using the Internet Protocol are known as Network Service Providers (NSPs). These form the core of the Internet.By connecting the NETWORK SERVICE PROVIDER WANs together using links at Internet Packet Interchanges (sometimes called "peering points") a global communication infrastructure is formed. NSPs do not generally handle individual customer accounts (except for the major corporate customers), but instead deal with intermediate organizations whom they can charge for high capacity communications. They generally have an agreement to exchange certain volumes of data at a certain "quality of service" with other NSPs. So practically any NSP can reach any other NSP, but may require the use of one or more other NSP networks to reach the required destination. NSPs vary in terms of the transit delay, transmission rate, and connectivity offered.The characteristics of the transmission facilities lead to an emphasis on efficiency of communications techniques in the design of WANs. Controlling the volume of traffic and avoiding excessive delays is important. Since the topologies of WANs are likely to be more complex than those of LAN (Local Area Network), routing algorithms also receive more emphasis.TYPES OF CONNECTIONSWAN is used across a state and country or even around the global. Many LANs are connected to each others using WAN communications under a high speed communication. Bridges, routers and multiplexers and other devices are used for correct data transmission.DIAL-UP TELEPHONE CONNECTIONSDEDICATED DIGITAL TELEPHONE LINESCONNECTIONS OVER PACKET-SWITCHED NETWORKSAre all WAN linksCONNECTION THROUGH THE TELEPHONE SYSTEMDial-up connection that uses the telephone line and it's very popular in our daily life. It is analog and the computer uses modems to change the signals from analog to digital signals.DEDICATED LEASED LINESIt provides a full-time connection between two points. Lease lines are expensive but offer high speed data transmission. They are available as analog and digital lines.ISDN (INTEGRATED SERVICE DIGITAL NETWORK)Offers voice, video, and data transmission where T1 = 23B + D (B: used for voice or data, D: used to handle control...

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