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Wildlife Conservation Essay

2689 words - 11 pages

They are responsible for cleaning the air most living creatures breath, they give humans and animals material to build homes and buildings with, they help keep the dirt in place, and, among many other uses, they gave humans the material that people use every day, paper. They do all this for humans, and all they need in return is for their young to be planted. If you have not guessed by now, this is describing trees. It is vital for humans to maintain not only the trees population, but also the population of all wildlife. Wildlife conservation is important because regulates wildlife population, helps balance the ecosystem, and maintains the natural beauty for future generations.
People mostly assume that maintaining wildlife population involves making sure that certain species survive, however this is not always the case. For example, in Wisconsin, deer hunting is encouraged in order to keep the white-tailed deer population down at a healthy level. Deer population goals in Wisconsin were established in 1962, by Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Deer population goals are determined by numerous factors associated with biological and social carrying capacity. One goal is to erase disease from the herds. This is accomplished by having hunters send in parts of their harvest in order to Biological carrying capacity is the largest number of white-tailed deer an environment can hold. If an environment is at maximum biological capacity, the deer will suffer from heavy competition, over browsing (over browsing is the consumption of an enormous amount of foliage), and high percentage of winter mortality (freezing to death). The Department of Natural Resources would like to keep the white-tailed deer population at approximately 60%-65% of biological capacity, to prevent the negative side affects that come along with over population. Also, when the deer population is too high, farmers crops become damaged by the deer, as well as there are more deer killings by car (“Deer” par. 1-10).
It is important to keep track of an animals population in order to make sure that the negative side affects do not occur. Sometimes it means keeping one species in its own habitat and preventing it from expanding into habitats that are not its own. Species who manage to do this are called invasive species. Species such as the Lionfish. Lionfish are not a native species to the Atlantic Ocean. They are a venomous, fast reproducing fish that are aggressive eaters and will eat almost anything in copious amounts. They eat so much that they will actual become obese and contract liver diseases. They have no know predators, besides humans. Because they have no predators, once introduced to a reef, they can wipe out 90% of it. “The lionfish invasion is probably the worst environmental disaster the Atlantic will ever face” said Graham Maddocks, president and founder of Ocean Support Foundation (“Lionfish” Par. 3). Lionfish are especially dangerous to ecosystems, because the...

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