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Wildlife Conservation And Biology Essay

1927 words - 8 pages

There are 6.5 million species of land mammals. Wildlife biologists get the privilege of studying and spending time with these animals as their everyday life. I should be a wildlife biologist so I can study land mammals.
Wildlife biology is a field of biology in which land animals are studied. It deals with all animals with backbones and studies individual species of wildlife, their habitats, and surrounding ecosystems (Fitzgerald). It also studies how animals may interact with their ecosystem. Without wildlife biology we would not have extensive knowledge of other animal species, and how they could be linked to humans.
Wildlife conservation in the United States has been based on the Public Trust Doctrine where in wildlife and fishes, water, and scenic places were deemed too valuable for greater good to be held in private ownership (Brown). Wildlife in America has struggled since the 1400s. Native American’s utilized wildfire heavily until Europeans arrived. Disease decimated the Indians and wildlife rebounded (Brown). The westward expansion in the 1800s caused much of the wildlife habitats to be turned into farms for European settlers. Historically, vast numbers of deer, elk, moose, and beavers lived in eastern forests; polar bears muskoxen, moose and caribou in the northwest; and millions of buffalo, pronghorn antelope, along with thousands of grizzly bears in the west (Brown). Because the wildlife species’ habitats were being taken and market hunting became huge, the wildlife population in the United States went drastically down. At the turn of the century, Americans finally took notice of the wildlife’s declining numbers. The disappearance of the bison became a rallying cry for those concerned about the future of wildlife in the United States (Brown).
Three men took major roles in the conservation movement of wildlife. The first national park, Yellow Stone National Park, was established in 1872 by Ulysses S. Grant (Brown). This was one of the last explored areas in the west. This establishing of a national park led to more wildlife conservation national movements. In 1887 President Roosevelt gathered a group of influential American hunters in New York to form the Boome and Crockett Club with a mission of preserving big game in North America (Brown). In the 1930’s management of wildlife resources began in earnest. Funds were mostly provided by levies on hunters (Brown). The 1930s were also the beginning of wildlife research in the United States. The leader of this effort was Aldo Leopold (Brown).
Wildlife biologists need many years of schooling and hands on experience to become experts at their jobs. Altogether with bachelors, masters, and doctorate degrees, it is close to 12-14 years. Each university is different in how many credit hours are needed. The areas are general biology, ecology, genetics, cellular biology, evolution, wildlife management, and fisheries management (Everyday Life). Deciding on a school is based on...

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