“Today, when human beings have the capacity to destroy civilization, we might reflect on humanity’s long and painful climb to the civilized state. (Perry, 2009, pg. 5) As we take a look at the long progression of how humankind has moved from the remote unknown, uncivilized barbaric civilization that it was so long ago, and compare it to present day civilization, one can assume that the surrounding cultures have taken a dramatic turn from what it used to be. But what happens when we contemplate the religion of the world that was once believed long before? Although many societies and civilizations have come a long way from what they used to believe, which was the belief in gods or myths, there are still a great deal of present day societies that continue to look towards the gods of life, fire, water and nature, and we have to wonder if we really have moved from that primitive life that began many years ago. Have we really come as far as we think we have?
Three million years ago, humans lived only to hunt and survive. It seems no other purpose existed and they knew not of how to be a civilized people. But, ten thousand years ago this era would pass into history and is said to have paved the way and shaped humanity as we know it. This new era would begin a time known as the Near Eastern Civilization. This civilized nation meant that a language would be discovered, a religion would be practiced, farming would be developed and the means for survival would be formed. Though the civilizations of today might find this era to be rather barbaric, it seems the Near Eastern people had quite a cultured life for what they had to work with.
As we move on to the next development, The Early Mesopotamian civilization was located in what we now know as present day Iraq. This region was the beginning of an urbanized area developed by the Sumerians. Here the style of writing known as cuneiform would be developed for representing ideas such as the use of early forms or money, schools, religion, literature, art and the lunar calendar. (Perry, 2009, pg. 10) Although their religion was based on those of mythical gods, the fact that they believed in a higher power at all showed their innate human desire to follow something omniscient and greater than them. In the years to come, humanity would be shown that there is definitely something greater, and this knowledge would become comprehensible.
The idea of a one true God that was neither myth nor legend sprang up during the time of the Hebrew Civilization. This was profound for the reason that the previous religion where it was believed that many “gods” were present was now a distant thought to some, and the view of a man named Moses and...