William Goulding's "Lord Of The Flies" As An Allegory. Provides Analysis For Symbolism And The Allegories Of Piggy, Ralph, Jack, The Lord Of The Flies, And Fire

936 words - 4 pages

Lord of the Flies as an AllegoryThe Lord of the Flies if read at face value can be interpreted as short book about the struggle to survive on a deserted island and its physical and psychological impacts on its inhabitants. But when the reader looks deeper, they see a novel that is an allegory that is filled with rich and detailed symbolism in almost all aspects of the book. An allegory is defined a type of writing that presents abstract ideas or moral principals in the form of symbolic characters, events, or objects. "The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature" (Golding 204). The novel begins as our protagonist wanders along the beach.Ralph represents leadership, order, and civilization for the island. He uses his power for the good of the people, especially to protect the "littluns." The littluns represent the people ruled by a government. In their case, the "bigguns" (the older boys), take advantage of the little boys and soon neglect them entirely.As the conch was blown "A deep harsh note boomed under the palms, spread through the intricacies of the forest and echoed back from the pink granite of the mountain" (Golding 17). Giving off a mighty sound, the conch also possessed the qualities of authority, unity, and power. When the society is formed, the boy who holds the conch is the only one allowed to speak. Jack first instituted this when he said "I'll give the conch to the next person to speak" (Golding 33). As the story progresses, the conch looses its power and influence over thechildren and is eventually crushed when Piggy is trampled by a boulder. This marks the end of any democratic and civilized society on the island.Piggy represents intelligence and mortality. He acts with reason like a grownup would in his situation. Besides acting like a parent figure, Piggy also provides leadership before and after the tribe is split in half. "But nobody else understands that about the fire. If someone threw you a rope when you were drowning. If a doctor said take this because if you don't take it you'll die- you would, wouldn't you? Can't they understand? Without the smoke signal we'll die here?" (Golding 139).The signal fire is another symbol that changes to reflect the downward spiral of the children. The fire was instituted by Ralph and Piggy as an attempt to draw attention in hopes of rescue. The fire can be seen as a connection to civilization and as civilization itself. When the fire burns well at a normal pace, the island is at peace. "We've got no fire. That thing just sits up thereƒ{ we'll have to stay here" (Golding 129). But when...

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