Wind And Solar Power: The Alternatives To A Carbon Based Society

2807 words - 12 pages

Introduction
Carbon has represented itself as a chemical element that not only is the fuel for photosynthesis and material in which humans are made of, but also a component in the fuel that is bought and burned today. Due to the carbon-based fuel system that humans have implemented into society, carbon - especially fossil fuels - has developed into a primary natural resource that is used today. While the fuel system presents itself as being an accessible and cheap resource, the carbon-based fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas has generated impacts to not only the environment, but the cultural services as well. The demand for oil is projected to steadily increase at an average rate of 1.6% annually as more developing countries begin implementing carbon-based fuel systems (International Energy Agency, 2009). With the demand increasing for a less sustainable and stable resource, societies must begin implementing renewable solutions to ensure future energy demands can be met.
Demand for Energy
The time between World War II and the 1970’s experienced an increase in the demand for energy. This is due to several developing events and post time war recovery such as the rebuilding of Japan and large parts of Europe because of the destruction of World War II. The United States also began to create more industrial jobs for the returning wartime soldiers to prevent economic uncertainty. The oil industry in the United States also began to be exploited to create more jobs and promote economic growth. Civilian transportation also began to expand as interstate highway systems were created and the standard of living increased resulting in the ownership of automobiles to increase per capita. After World War II the Baby Boom event occurred creating populations to expand in the United Stated creating more demand for fossil fuels, as more food production was required, daily commodity production increased, and standard of livings experienced an increase. The development that occurred during this time relied on fossil fuels to produce many mainstream goods creating a generation of fossil fuel reliance and over usage (Tverberg, Gail, 2012).
Currently many nations undergoing development are relying on fossil fuels, resulting in these nations being the dominant carbon-based fuel societies. China and India currently are experiencing times of economic growth resulting in higher demands for fossil fuels. China currently uses fossil fuels to power 87.5 percent of the country and its inhabitants (Chevron, 2013). This demand is expected to increase as Asia is projected to be the leading fossil fuel consumer. The continent of Asia is projected to be 85 percent of the future demand for oil (Chevron, 2013). By 2035, the global energy demand is expected to increase by 40 percent. China alone will experience a 75 percent increase in fossil fuel usage by 2035.
Impacts
During the age of the industrial revolution, the demand for carbon-based fuels began to increase as the...

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