Wind Talkers Essay

1071 words - 5 pages

From 1942 to 1945 most of the assaults that the U.S Marines conducted involved Navajo code talkers, these assaults took place in the Pacific, where the battles were mainly against Japan’s army. The use of Navajo code talkers was suggested by a civil engineer Philip Johnston (Navajo Code Talkers: World War II Fact Sheet, 2014). Johnston had been raised on a Navajo reservation as the son of a missionary (Navajo Code Talkers: World War II Fact Sheet, 2014). He was one of the few non-Navajos who could speak the language fluently. At the time it was an unwritten language with complex grammar, this made it a perfect system to pass coded messages that were nearly impossible to decode (Navajo Code ...view middle of the document...

In the spring of 1864 the United States government took around 9,000 Navajos and forced them to walk over 300 miles to Fort Sumner, New Mexico. The Navajo people were forced internment at Bosque Redondo. The Internment was a failure, because there was not an adequate amount of supplies (Navajo Facts, 2014). In 1868 a treaty was written and the Navajo people were able to return to a reservation, the reservation was located on the surviving Navajo land. On reservation there numbers were able to grow but they ran into trouble with settlers around them (Navajo Facts, 2014). In 1921 missionaries were sent to assimilate the Navajo people, the Navajo children were sent to Indian Boarding schools. They were taught English and made to practice Christianity. This paved a way for them to become code talkers (Navajo Facts, 2014).
In May of 1942, twenty-nine Navajos where recruited. They were sent attend boot camps before they were to go out onto the battle field.(Jennifer Rosenburge, 2014) The U.S government wanted to make sure that they were prepared to go into battle. At this point in World War II, a lot of America’s battles were mainly fought in the Pacific against Japanese soldiers. The Japanese had been a big threat to US and they needed away to get ahead in the war. One way to get ahead was using coded messages, but using coded messages to plan battles become a problem for the American troops because the Japanese were skilled code breakers. The Japanese were able to decode every code that the Americans sent.(Jennifer Rosenburge, 2014) They were at a lost for what to do when a civil engineer by the name of Philip Johnston suggested that they start using the Navajo language as a way to send coded messages. They realized that they could not teach the soldiers how to speak the Navajo language because it was too complex and difficult for them to learn. They decide the best people to write the codes were the Navajo people. One of the main problems with using the Navajo language is that there were not Navajo words for machine guns,...

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