3 CURRENT & FUTURE APPLICATIONS OF WIRELESS NETWORKING IN HEALTHCARE DOMAIN
• 3M Littmann Stethoscopes
• Life Touch Patient Surveillance system
• Ford In-Car Health and Wellness
Among the numerous and widespread applications in this domain, a few key applications have been considered to detail along with some current scenarios from Chinese and Indian markets in the particu-lar field of telemedicine
According to American Telemedicine Association, telemedicine is defined as; the use of medical information exchanged from one site to another via electronic communications to improve a patient’s clinical ...view middle of the document...
Such a technology provides the ease and flexibility of communicating with doctor or patient even if both are not physically present in the same city on the day of consult.
Often, in case of high risk surgeries like transplants or bypass surgeries it is quite common for doctors and physicians to interact with a similar group of specialties doctors elsewhere to get opinions or suggestions.In earlier times, such a real-time consult with two doctors located at either ends of the globe was virtually impossible unless they were at the same place.
Telephonic conversations were an option earlier however it often leads to misunderstandings and communication gaps. With the advancement of wireless technology and their incorporation into telemedicine, such expertise meetings could be conducted and opinions from the experts could be sought and discussed.
Telecare is the methodology by which care can be provided remotely to patients who maybe physically challenged but their condition does not require them to be admitted to a hospital. In case of such situations, care like change in dosages or new prescriptions, can be administered through doctors to the patient remotely in the presence of the patient’s care provider, who in this case need to nec-essarily be a trained medical or paramedical professional.
Telemonitoring is the process of remotely monitoring either in an uninterrupted or intermittent manner; for example monitoring vitals of a patient like blood pressure, heart rate, weight, blood
glucose etc. can be achieved in through this practice. Such a practice also gives the patients the
opportunity to be at home while being monitored. This also allows the person to travel around for work or leisure despite the fact of having to be monitored for illness.
3.2. TELEMEDICINE IN CHINA & INDIA
Telemedicine in USA and Europe are very well established, however telemedicine is also gaining popularity in countries like India & China with advancement of wireless technologies. Also the
Indian and Chinese markets offer treatments which are more affordable than the European and Ameri-can providers and this has led to both these countries being highly pursued in the Asian subcontinent.
The practice of telemedicine in China began from the middle of 1980 and initially these
activities were mostly based on store-and-forward practices as the wireless technologies needed for instantaneous work was not available.
In the store and forward technique data is sent to a transitional location and then sent to either the final location or again another transitional point. In recent years, telemedicine in China has
developed quickly with the rapid growth of telecommunication networks.
One such facility in China which uses this facility is Shanghai East International Medical Center, where a robot is on rounds at the cardiology department monitoring the patients along with cardiology team physicians. This...