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With Reference To Named Areas Explain How Soil, Climate And Relief Affect Population Density

539 words - 2 pages

These factors expressed in the question affect the population density of a country or location immensely.Firstly relief, when we talk about the relief we talk about highlands and lowlands. Although immediately we like to think that most of the world's population live fairly low down it is in fact the case that 80% of the worlds population live 500 metres above the sea level, this is actually fairly high up. What we might have been thinking of are the mountainous areas of the world like the Andes, Nepal or the Himalayas, these areas are sparsely populated due to the poor soils, low temperatures and high rainfall. Lowlands on the other hand are much more amiable, the land is easily farmed and easy to build on, much more appropriate for settlement; there are also higher temperatures and potentially less rainfall. Netherlands is a prime example of this: although a small country because of the relief it is highly populated meaning that the density is high as well (469 people/km2).Almost fundamental to population density is the climate. The climate allows you or prohibits you to farm or build up secondary and tertiary industries. The facts about climate are that 80% of the world's population live between 20 degrees north and south of the equator. Areas which have low population densities are like the Sahara because of the fact that it gets 40mm of rain a year, but also areas of high humidity like the Amazon basin, and then rather obviously low temperatures like in North Canada in the tundra. In the temperate and moderate climate...

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