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With Detailed Reference To The Text (Act 1 Scenes 1 3) Analyse The Dramatic Significance And The Effect Of The Opening Of The Play'

1518 words - 6 pages

'With detailed reference to the text (Act 1 scenes 1-3) analyse the dramatic significance and the effect of the opening of the play'Macbeth was written in the 1600s by William Shakespeare. It was one of his tragedies. A tragedy is a play that ends in death and the hero or main character gets killed. I am going to be analysing the dramatic significance and the effect of the opening of the play with detailed reference to the text. Macbeth is about the fall of a good man and his greed for power. The play begins with three witches on a deserted heath in foul weather. Witches were greatly feared in Shakespearian times as people actually thought that they were real and could really harm you. People believed that they could make peoples health deteriorate instantly by using spells and potions and that they could kill people at a distance. They also believed that they could fly and could make themselves invisible at their own will. People thought that they could change the weather and used animals such as cats for the disguises for the evil spirits that served them. So the audience would have been really scared.The witches play a major part in the play. Although they do not appear many times during the play, they have the significance of evil as the play is a dark, evil play full of greed. The witches introduce the play as a dark play that will have a death in it. The weather is horrible and this suggests that the play will also be an evil play as it does not start off with a very cheerful mood. The witches talk about the foul weather, the war and most importantly, Macbeth. This is the first time he is mentioned in the play and suggests that he will play a big part in the role of evil as the witches are talking about him. The weather gets worse and worse during the scene and is very short. The dramatic impact on the audience however is still the same. The foul weather shows the presence of evil and evil is a central part of the play. The audience know that although this was a short scene that the play has a lot more evil to come. The witches are forces of evil and seek to lead men away from goodness. Macbeth is vulnerable to them as he believes what they say and they voice his desires to him.The witches also say "Fair is foul and foul is fair" which confuses us and introduces the idea of illusion and reality. Later on in the play Macbeth says "So foul and fair a day I have not seen." Which makes us think why are the words of the witches in Macbeth's mouth. The witches "hover through the filthy air" which suggests that they are going to fly which is not human.Act 1 scene 2 is a total contrast to the first scene as it is a normal scene with ordinary people away from the witches. Blood is mentioned a lot during this scene and we can relate it to murder, violence and war. Even though the scene is away from the witches the blood still makes the scene very dramatic. Duncan, the king, does nothing but praise Macbeth during this scene. The battle that has just...

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